Modern society is indefinable and constantly changes like nature changes. It uses design to create new experiments and trend within social environment and culture. In the history of interior architecture and postmodernism, the Italian design movement of Archizoom, Studio Alchimia and Memphis are very important, and Andrea Branzi was the central figure of this design movement. His experimental and defiant works throughout this design movement produced design with combination, indefiniteness, sustentation, and reiteration. Designers must recreate themselves continually and need to have constant experimental spirit and attempts. From this point of view, the study on Andrea Branzi who led Italian design revolution with various experiments and attempts is valuable, and it will help to find the direction of design in this modern social and cultural environment.
Adolf Loos studied at the Dresden Institute of Technology. He lived in America from 1893 to 1896. On his return to Vienna, hi worked for a year with the architect, Carl Mayreder. From 1897, he wrote extensively on design and architectural matters. In 1908, his famous article "Ornament and Crime"(Ornament und Verbrechen) was published, in which he linked the use of excessive decoration to a debasement of society. For Adolf Loos, it was a question not of renunciation of every ornament, but of the liberation from superfluous ornament. Where ornament was pastes on only, without connection with the subject or the building, and where ornament was not honest with the hand put on, the ornament is supposed to be removed. Onto the place of the ornament the joy of the material and the shaping should step. That the opinion of Adolf Loss is not correctly understood Is due on the one hand to the concentration on the 'ornament and crime' too very much. On the other hand his extreme Position is supposed to be understood more as thinking-impulse, more as provocation.ovocation.
In Cis study, the problems of the correspondence of the museum to universal design have been grasped and examined. As the result, four problems have clarified as follow: (1) At the present, many barriers exist for the visually handicapped in the museum. In this case, the correspondence to universal design should be strengthened in the future by using Braille and sound to illustrate the display and guide. (2) The universal design of "the transfer of information" has been considerably retarded from the universal design of "the movements of observer" in the correspondence. The communication and information services in the museum are very important, and the correspondence is urgent. (3) It is necessary that the expert committee need to be installed to grasps and solves the barrier in the museum. (4) In order to execute the universal design in the museum, it is necessary that the consciousness of the museum's staff to universal design should be improved. should be improved.
This study aims to inquire into the expressive characters of philippe stark's works regarding his design concept. This study examines Philippe stark's design works except for furniture design. It also looks into the modern design trend, France design trend, background of his growth and people who have influenced him. Firstly, this study examines Philippe stark's five design works after 1997. Second, the study is going to analysis the fact between his interior design and furniture projects to read their mutual relation. As a result from this study, first, the understanding of Philippe stark's works in harmony with the dynamics of technology and aesthetics can provide his design languages, characteristics and current design trend. Second, Philippe stark can create unfamiliar space through experimental though and imagination. The study present data on Philippe stark and puts forwards the significance of his works and tries to lead the way of the relation interior design and furniture.
This study dealt with approaches in architecture and music in the contemporary situation characterized by accidence and uncertainty through Pierre Boulez and Rem Koolhaas' works. First of all, we examined basic positions with starting from zero degree breaking from fixed ideas and with relative neutrality. Then, from a methodological aspect, we inquired into 1) anti-hierarchical objective approach, 2) accidental approach to form. 3) diagram of structure and event, and 4) the use of selective routes. Lastly, from a receptive aspect, we dealt with the space of pluralistic perspective and works in progress. The two persons used chaosmos approach that enables adjustment and control through structure defining the relationship with accidence or chaos. With the approach, they created works in progress or open works that have a pluralistic viewpoint working in the field of specific relation and the concept of endless regeneration.
1"his Study is to make research a Image and Symbol in the Gothic Architecture. Firstly, the concept of the symbol and the image effect are essentially based on the meaning that the activity of consciousness take on the constitution of the symbol. Therefore the image represent the deepest content of human nature has been imagination and reality. Secondly, the symbol concept showed in Gothic Architecture was associated with the passion of the order of middle ages. The world, the cosmos and the history had been revealed in Gothic architecture. In Gothic Image, Emile Male maintained the symbol of the Catholic Church as above mentioned. The Catholic Church was mirror of the natural, the institution, the moral and history, then this passion of the order was a christian order. Especially, E. Panofsky said that the scholastic method was shown in Gothic architecture. He assert that it was especially dialectic method used in theology. That is, he explained the transfiguration of Gothic Architecture with the process of thesis, anti-thesis, synthesis. These symbolize light, magnitude, clearness. Finally, symbolic image is important in Post-Modem architecture at present. Post-Modern architecture is associated with the public and the Pluralism. Post-Modern architecture attempt to communicate as symbolic language among the assumption for diverse aspect of culture.
Cultural analysis is closely related to 'Space' which we live in. This means that the shape of the space is not formed accidentally but is a cultural result from how we live. The approach through cultural analysis of space provides a good standard in order to understand, people's values and lifestyles. Today the purpose of sightseeing has changed from just visiting some famous places to experiencing unique culture of other countries. Especially the demand of the sightseers which makes you experience culture through tasting food has been increasing. Yet there are some Korean restaurants that don't show enough Korean culture accurately. The purpose of this study is to research the figural characteristics in Korean interior design with the method of cultural analysis and how they are expressed in the Korean restaurants. In addition, I'd like to suggest that Korean figural characteristics are not old fashioned but are modern things that have grate potential to be reinterpreted.
Contemporary Architecture stands on the basis of the influence of the formative arts, and it carves out a new field of architecture through various technical or material expressions. Herzog ＆ de Meuron, whose has been recognized internationally, are one of few artists following this Contemporary architectural flow. This thesis analyzed his work of art by the trend of times, and base on the results, tried to find his architectural language. Three points have been concluded through this architectural thesis. The architectural language does not deal with our monotonous environment, but deals with it technically. It's expressed all the architectural factors that we already know and used through new ways, so that, finally, it makes people feel the work of art in different point of views. I desire more future researches will focus on the many types of architectural and interior design languages that the Contemporary society craves.
Since 1990s, several rising western architects have been moving their theoretical background from the modern paradigm to new science and philosophy. Architectural spaces are based on the philosophy and science of their own age and the architectural theories made by them. And specially, it seems that topological spaces are different to theoretical backgrounds from idealized spaces of modern architecture. From these backgrounds, this study was performed to search for the spacial relationship and characteristics shown in the recently folding architecture and the results of this study that starts this purpose are as follows. First, the architecture that introduced by the theory of topology has appeared as the circulation forms like as Mobius band or Klein bottle, and was made the space fused with structure pursuing liquid properties of matter. As follows, second, the concept of topological space made the division of traditional concept of floor, wall, ceiling disappeared and had built up the space by continual transformation. Third, about the relationship between two spaces in topological space, the two spaces were happened by transformation of these and they have always continuity and the same quality.
Nowadays, our societies use digital technology in new architectural shape and space design to transcend three dimension limit so the boundary of the imagination world and actuality world has been collapsed. Traditional spatial value has been collapsed. Also indetermination and temporary assumption in time, fluidness and dematerialized, simultaneity and reiteration in image are relative with this circumstances. In architectural shape, media characteristics which secede from traditional characteristics of place tectonic value have occurred. Therefore, indifference and interests in shape, inter-permeation in interior and exterior space, homogeneous equivalence spatial extension have occurred. The purpose in this study examines dematerialized in contemporary space design and light materials and also investigates general and architectural background. The results of this study are as follows. First, circumstances of human have changed from physically limited boundary to unfixed, nonphysical, lightness and vague things. Second, casting off volume in shape and also dissembling exclusive and constructive Third, interior and exterior space by transparency intimates media possibility of information screen. Fourth, seek information and organic response, ambivalent transformation, accumulation of image and new mutual understanding system.
This study concentrates on a new idea that is formulated as a creative spatialization in contemporary architecture and painting. It is stimulated from the classical baroque, which is expressed with the conceptual instruments, 'excessive', 'decorative', 'accidential' Suggested from that, this study tries to open the actual sense area of 'the baroque' by analysing the architectural ideas of wrenching and folding by Frank O. Gehry and in the same context by elucidating the dynamic deformalising of the figures by Francis Bacon. The redefined 'new baroque' operates in the chain of the transformable and flexible images that must be recognized as 'the real' in the sense of 'the most empirical' and are vulnerable to dispersal. The typical instrument of Gehry's 'new baroque architecture' is the enclosing of the space and its folding, and Bacon, whose painting can be called as the modern baroque, takes as the expressing methods a wrenching of the figures, a relieving of the colored background against the figure and a disappearing of figures into the background. These different ideas meet in the theoretical gravitation field of the philosophy of Deleuze, in which the reconstituted baroque conception means the tension between the folds, on expansion and contraction of which the variable space is dependent, Through the general principle of 'the new baroque', a free dispersal of power, to architect and painter is offered the possibility, not only to make the real world intimate to the real life, but also to produce from there a vivid new space. Finally it brings to enjoyer and viewer the possibility, to perceive the operating power in and around oneself.
This thesis aims to show the design logics and the meta-design of a public restroom "Between You and Me." This work reinterprets a public restroom regarded as the typical public space by means of spatial agency's influences, on the assumption thor spatial agency controls the properties of public space. This thesis examines our representational system against the public space, and our specific experience in it with the conceptual model of meta-design. Meta-design is a design beyond the design usually we think of. Experiential meta-design, "Between You and Me" presented as the object of this thesis, is a constructive design project which converts our negative perception of the restroom to a new one, "interface." This project, composed of the surrealistic spatial arrangement, urges us to reconsider our fixed thoughts of the restroom and try a creative experience in it. Finally this thesis shows how the space's way of existence fixes our acts and thoughts, and what enables the repetitive acts and thoughts often emerged In our relations with the public space through a meta-design.c space through a meta-design.
The purpose of this paper draws out a theoretical frame for dwelling space from Heidegger's thought, "Dwelling" and analyze Luis Baraggan's housing design as an instance of the practical expression of them. The 'creative inculturation' of dwelling space is possible through familiarity by disclosuring in time and place. Heidegger suggests that place as existential space represents the occasion revelation of incidents in Dasein. He interprets the dwelling as creative openness in which elements comprising this world face and interact with each other into one. Openness may be referred to a dynamic coordination in which the each and the world sustain each other under incessant mutual tension, but not sticking each other. Creative inculturation is determined according to how deeper conversation was made internally. To complete the process properly requires determining several relationships involved in the land area.land area.
The purpose of this study is to grasp musical expression in the Monastery of La Tourette, an architectural work produced by an architect, Le Corbusier and a musician, Iannis Xenakis based on a musical piece, Metastasis. The results of the study on musical expression in the Monastery of La Tourette, which was done through analysis of correlation in expression between architecture and music, and spatial characteristics of this monastery, are as follows: First, in modern architecture and music, the expression of the space-time continuum concept is emphasized. Second, the architectural characteristics in this monastery that constitute musical expression are the Modular, confliction and fluidity in composition, plastic (acoustic) shape and symbolic shape. Third, these architectural characteristics are found to be expressed as counterpoint, alteration, temporality, acoustics and canon of music.
The worthness of life of an elderly person is a subjective thing that is based on the individual's sense of values, and it depends on what he or she pursues in life. Therefore, the quality of life is a relative concept and it varies according to individual tastes and changes of values resulted from changes of social framework. The purpose of this study is to furnish information about the basic plan for the increase of Q.O.L. There are three methods used in this study. First is to understand the structure and the factors related to Q.O.L by research and documents. Second, site survey and analysis of urban and rural areas, for example Seoul and Jochiwon, and third, study the condition of the old using SPSS. The result of study to enrich the Q.O.L of the old can be categorized into two ways. First, the old themselves has to satisfy the image of the old who has a high Q.O.L. Second, the community has to support the proper environment for the old to get worth of life.
The purpose of this study is to provide basic information and guide line for designing hotels located in metropolis by analyzing the spatial configuration of public area. As the sample of analysis, ten hotels are selected in Tokyo area, which were constructed during 1970 to 1990; the period was characterized by booming hotel constructions. The findings of the above analytical survey might be summarized as follows. First of all, it was found that all hotels constructed during the above mentioned periods could be classified into two categories according to their block type such as interlocking form and form within form types. It also observed the six hotels out of then had adopted form within form, beside, the left four hotels were constructed along the interlocking form type. Secondly, as regard to the functional space configuration of the public area, it was found that, in case of eight hotels, the upper part of the building which allocated as residential quarter are configured as linear type. As regard the lower part, however, it was found that different types are adopted. For instance, five hotels had adopted con-course types for the lower level that is spared for the public/service area. Beside, it was also found that, out of above five hotels, three hotels took form within type and the other two adopted compromising type. Thirdly, as regard to the composition of public area, it was found that, the quarters are allocated as follows, such as 34.11 percent for public, 28.99 percent for sales and 33.07 percent for service quarter.
Museum in each era and society has its own specific meaning. When a museum is viewed from a cultural perspective, it may be apprehended as more than a functional tool for it also represents the culture of that particular time. The role of museum made across each stages are not simply shifts in architectural style, but indicate an evolution in social role and intrinsic function. The purpose of this study is to comprehend the definition of museum and the variety of exhibition design from the ancient days which the term is called 'museum' is used for the first time to beginning of the 20th century. As a result of this study, we can find that the museum is considered the meaning of the place to change according to the social environment more than the place to the collection, conservation, exhibition, education from the beginning. Accordingly, museums should make continued efforts to set cultural guidelines for the general public.
The European architects including MVRDV, Rem Koolhaas, Van Berkel, and Zaha Hadid tend to use the their own design strategy based on the objective data. This Architectural design method leads to make new paradigm of contemporary architecture. For the purpose of the understanding a part of new architecture paradigm I will analyze the case of Villa VPRO designed by MVRDV. At the result, I can draw the following conclusions. First, through collecting and analyzing data, drawing design concept and planning the space program, they decided on the design strategies of Villa VPRO. They designed the space volume having 42.4m$\times$42.4m floors and infiltrated environmental elements to solve the problems about deep space. Second, Villa VPRO was constructed by 'creative space-making system: a series of floors much like a geological formation, the continuous floors interconnected by spatial means, the precision bombardments of snake-like holes, open elevations, the stacking spaces. Third, Villa VPRO produced the spectacle space effect the various formation of continuous floors make a lot of difference space types in this building. Also they lead to move naturally and give event space. A numbers of holes and openness make it possible to provide friendly environment with combining light and air with views of the surrounding and transparency. And using the method of stacking many types of space make the differences in height.
Organic Modernism was inaugurated by Alvar Valto as an alternative plan to the formative limitation of Geometrical Modernism. It began to appear in the 1930s in the fields of Architecture, Furniture, Product Design and so on. It is known that began with organic formative language is closely related to surrealistic artists Andre Breton as well as other artists and sculptors in that era. Such Formative Language formalized a stream of Organic Modernism Furniture Design unique to the regional and cultural characteristics of Scandinavia. After crossing over to America, mass production of Furniture was born and new materials were linked by industrialization. The Characteristics of Organic Formation in Modern Art such as Three -Dimensional, Biological Morphological, Symbolical, Primitive, Fantastical, Non-Realistic, Incidental, Irregular, transmit to Furniture Design. They are as Characteristics especially with Three-Dimensional, Biological Morphological and Symbolical aspects. Histories of Art and design, there are some examples showing mutual Interchange between Functional and Artistic Character. This thesis also clarifies the Formative Relationship that the Furniture designers who pursued Functionality and Mass Production had obtained from Modern Artistic works and the Artists, through the process of comparing and researching the typical Artists and their works.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the emotional color of home office and the trendy color with special comparison of office and library colors, and to suggest the harmony of color combination of home office based on the emotional color of this analytical data. this study, the Color Syntax Program, digital tool for color analysis of images is used. The results of this study are as follows. Firstly, the main color of home office images shows three color classifications of YR-Y, Y-GY, R-YR, and with relatively high ratios of YR-Y in the color of home offices, and B-PB, GY-G in offices and libraries. Secondly, from the point of emotional aspect, the trendy color of the home office can be classified into four color image categories: 'natural', 'peaceful', 'mild', and 'noble'. Under those categories this paper proposes 10 color harmony scheme that can be applied to color of home office interior design.
A thesis presented on the study of visitors circulation character, and components in an exhibition space in museums. A behavior ethogram is an investigational tool of tracing examination of visitors. An exhibition layout and behavior characters of exhibition viewing in the configuration of exhibition space are planned by using the method of the behavior ethogram. As time goes by an expansion of a museums concept and changing roles are more extroversive and constructive than the past. It will reflect the phases of the times and show several different aspects. The reflection of the changing circumstance will have to examine an each relationship between exhibition data, exhibition spaces and visitors In the beginning of a plan of the museum. However, the study of a unique behavior pattern and character which are made by moving visitors themselves are quietly not enough studied. The exhibition layout which is considerably examined by the viewing behavior of visitors in act response and a following circulation of viewing have a lack of precise directions and examples. In short, this study ultimately represents to grasp the meaning of the behavior characters of viewing. Furthermore, the basic directions in the museums plan are carefully considered by the reflection of exhibition circulation.
The findings of this study indicate that intangible cultural properties are worth preservation and transmission and should be considered as very important as tangible cultural properties. If the studies of intangible cultural properties are continued focusing on their characteristics and formational system, they can be expressed more properly by adding new interactive elements to database and expressive requisites. New techniques introduced in this study are believed to provide people with most reasonable and developmental motives for expression of the existing intangible cultural properties. Concerning Korea's cultural properties centered on intangible cultural properties, information construction should be made with a new idea of information based on database from the previous studies. The result will be able to set an important factor to give wide publicity to our cultural identity, which is currently shown in the process of background communication, and serve as a foothold to deliver exact information to our descendants. The intangible cultural properties are our people's mental cultural heritage resources. If museums or initiator groups, which are organized to spread cultural heritages, can use them as the subjects of exhibition through information construction and visualization, it will function to maximize the educational effect of transmitting our national mental world. The development of digital environment will provide the optimum conditions and tools making it possible to visualize intangible forms and ideas in a virtual cyber space. Given these viewpoints, steady studies and efforts for the improvement of Korea's cultural image should be made in the way of intangible cultural properties as well as tangible ones. They start from the country's accurate appreciation of cultural properties and are embodied in systematic adjustment and relationship between interdependent elements.
The purpose of this study is to develope'a digital space design process using user's motion data' through a theoretical and experimental study. In the progress of developing a developing of design process, this study was concentrated on searching a digital method applying user's interactive reflections. As introducing a concept of space form being generated by user's experiences, we proposed'a digital design process using user's motion data'. In the experimental stage, user's motion data were extracted and transferred as digital information by user behavior analysis, optical motion capture system, immersive VR system, 3D softwares com computer programming. As the result of this study, another useful digital design process was embodied by building up a digital form-transforming method using 3D softwares providing internal algorithm. This study would be meaningful in terms of attempting a creative and interactive digital space design method, avoiding dehumanization of existing ones through the theoretical study and the experimental approach.
This study aims at the development of a cost management system in building interior projects. Renovation and remodeling is activated and expanded much more being compared with new building construction at present. After Interior project proceeding must get out of simple estimate and assumption, then its be needed a formal work process and computerized cost management. Proceeding a building interior project management was proceed in the office and the field. Cost break down, especially, depend on the field manger and used fiend managing money because its not checked by cost manager in office manger. For this study, cost factors are defined in terms of cost break-down interior works which consist of materials and labors. A data model for cost factors was developed, and a relational database is used to realize cost data management based upon this data model. Data input and output are achieved by internet from both of wired PC and mobile phone. This system can timely display a number of needed reports for cost management that identifies cash flow and predicts budget for cost break-down works in interior projects.
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