In a word, Behnischs architecture can be said to be the architecture of humanism based on an interpretation of the human being. The architecture of Behnisch in which it is not space but people that becomes the subject in architecture is newness or novelty, which is proceeding to position itself as one architectural style representing the times. He refrain from the environment that is defensive and oppressive, and destructive and disruptive in composing his architecture and instead is directed towards the continuos, creative and open environment. With such an architectural language, he is pursuing a minimum of the best rather than quantity based on trust and respecting for man and nature as his unchanged theme. That is, he is seeking for the purpose of architecture that does not disregard individuality such as consumers wants and needs. As can be seen from it, his architectural work has aroused freshness and stimulus to the architectural environment that can not be boring, allowed us to look back on the architectural world and triggered our interest. His architecture has the human energy that moves us.
The purpose of this study is to suggest a new system and standards of system furniture for promoting the efficiency of a l living space in order to cope with any possible change of a resident’s lifestyle. For this purpose, the study premises that the i idea of "flexibility" can provide a solution to problems with the resident’s current living space, and furthermore, it can fulfill the r resident’ s needs of a flexible living space. T To decide the needs of the flexibility of a living space, this paper examined and analyzed sever머 studies on the necessity of t the flexibility of a living space according to changes of one's lifestyle, characteristics and problems of each type of existing f furniture, and applications of each type of system furniture and it's flexibility. The results of this study is as follows: First, a new furniture system is necessary so that a resident can adjust one’s living space. Second, a plan for flexible interior s space can meet a current resident's demand of a flexible living space, not to mention an initial resident's .. Third, a systematic plan is needed to install system furniture in a living space to cope with changes of a resident’s lifestyle.s lifestyle.
Architecture and music have reflected many changes occurring in a greater cultural realm. Specially, the concept of time and space formed from relativistic physics becomes the basis of cultural awareness, and a method to understand the world. Therefore, this study aims to suggest the possibility to integrate architecture and music, based on the close relationship between architecture and music of the 20th century focusing on time and space. Resultantly, in this study, interrelationship between architecture and music is elucidated by proving both the spatiality of music and the temporality of architecture, and such possibility to integrate the two realms helps understand the reality.
The end of the 20th century, on the ecological world-view which looks the whole things as systematic and admits the incessant change, human is considered to function with the environment mutually and to evolve in harmony with it. Because of the living style of the modern people whose most time spent inside of the buildings, eco-office elements are introduced in the inteior places where many general publics are gathered. We gather up the all information about Eco-office, introduction of green building certification system, Eco-office System Technics and provide source to how to design interact with eco-office.
The purpose of this study is to develope a prototypical unit design for the Information Resource Center(IRC) for K-12 schools in Korea. Literature from various sources were examined. A survey was administered to sixty-three elementary and middle schools in Korea. A case study was conducted to two elementary schools in Korea and one elementary school in Portugal. Design standards and prototypical unit design for the IRC were developed applicable to existing K-12 schools in Korea. The prototypical unit design suggested in this study optimize the needs of the students, teachers, and neighborhoods for the space of information, reading, consultation, graphic production, and group activities. The results of this study indicated that there needs consistent government educational policies, increased financial investment on computers and supporting media facilities, and partnership with the design professionals.
The building remodeling is providing a lot of solutions - structural, aesthetic, environmental, and energy performance improvement - in improving buildings performance and environment. The remodelings influences on our society are resource conservation, environmental conservation, expansion of construction market, and creation of new employment. The three principal remodeler groups involved in this building remodeling are general construction contractors, interior architecture contractors, and ESCO (Energy Service Company). Having a representative character, this study classifies remodeling methods into five types: structural remodeling, spatial remodeling, exterior remodeling, environment-friendly remodeling, and ecological remodeling.
This study mainly aims to address the housing requirements of senior citizens through meeting their basic needs for physical housing while valuing the particular human needs and demands of older people. As the number and frequency of their social ties decrease, senior citizens spend most of their time at home. As a result, they suffer a larger number of accidents in the home. Although carelessness is a cause, the main reason for seniors household accidents is that the general structure, fixtures and appliances of housing do not take into account the particular needs of older people. This study investigates the accident patterns of older people, addresses structural obstructions, and proposes guidelines for ergonomic interior design and household management which take into account universal design and the special needs of senior citizens. This study explores the following: 1) Accident causes and patterns in senior households, as the specific characteristics, requirements of older people. 2) An analysis of safety improvement plans and application. 3) Determining each rooms layout by functional requirement. 4) A final set of proposed interior design guidelines for senior housing.
The goals and meanings of this papers are set up to analyse the trend of Design immerged in 21st century with studying Fusion culture which is related with Digital concept that is the most spot-lighted in 21st century and summarizing the effects of this tendency given to Design. We are experiencing Digital Revolution which leads us from Analog Society to Digital society. Also, this means that New Millenium starts with characteristics of [End of Century]. I focus on the concept of Fusion-design, in the view of Art-Nouveau and Post-Modernism which came over the end of 19th century and the beginning of 20th century. Furthermore, I define the Fusion-design of Digital era and find the way that design of 21st century develops.
The application of Residents Participation Designing Method is to provide the resident with a chance of either participating in the planning process of the house or selecting other possible options. The multi-household apartments have so far been grown in quantity by means of mass production and hence have contributed in elevating its supply. However, this manner of supplying has a tendency of ignoring much of the individuals concern regarding space planning And has therefore repeatedly standardized and stereotyped ground planning which only concerns its economic profit and effectiveness. As the standard of living and personal wealth have improved over the years, residents have come to demand a more futuristic model designed to satisfy the individuals personal taste and lifestyle. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to suggest the planning method of multi-household apartments to correspond to resident's specific demand.
This studies is the typological study to classify the characteristics of Floor plan in wooden house that is built in the suburb of Korea through case studies. For this type classification, I took several criteria as follows: number of floors, location of entrance, approach way to inner room, location of step, arrangement way of public space and private space, those are considered as important elements for the determination of Floor plan. Ive got 10 representative types by analysing and synthesizing the relationship between these elements. I expect that these study results would be good materials for the developing new model of wooden houses that is more proper to our life.
This study examines multiple functions of the complex cultural center. Recently, the importance of the complex cultural center has been growing, as peoples desire for cultural activities diversified. In order to effectively accommodate the general publics interests in various cultural activities, the complex cultural center tended to be multi-functional. At the same time, I argue that it is necessary to reexamine its functions in terms of how the multi-complex cultural center fits into local environment. Only when both peoples demand and local environment are fully integrated into its design, can the multi-complex cultural center accomplish the goal of multiple functions in a true sense.
The line of demarcation separating architecture from the art in recent years has blurred, due to the expantionist aspects between. This is a study of the direction which contemporary architecture and art are now taking. The results of the study are as follows: 1. The direction of contemporary architecture is revealed through the works of deconstructivist architects and Hans Hollein. Deconstructivist architects have incooperated abstract forms and concepts for their expression. Also Hans Hollein has brought a new aspect to architecture by combining the aura of spirituality and the use of collage. 2. The direction of contemporary art is revealed through the works of installation artists. Daniel Buren works on the interactivity between the object and the observer. Dan Graham deals with the social issues which caused by the interrelation between the eyes and the visual media. Jae-en Choi works on the actual architectural site and space capturing the spirit of what the space is for shile Jung-hwa Jung deals with the layers of perception within a particular space. Another realm coming into being is the cooperation between artists and architects. The cooperation of Holl and Acconci is expressed through their joint project Storefront Gallery. It is the development of Accocis concept of boundary and Holls methodology. Another example of this realm is revealed through the Fish Gallery of the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao. Gehry was introduced to the nature of material by Serra and Serra learned of new ways of viewing the existence of space between materials from Gehry. These new relationships between contemporary architecture and art are reciprocal in nature are indicators of a dynamic and new changing cooperation now emerging.
The material world around human is normally composed of opaque one, with which human has made the spaces. The opaque material to make space has played a role to control the relationship among people and has produced socio-cultural things since the history started. The opening of opaque material(wall) connects one space with the other. Therefore, the meaning of opening is a connection among people who are in different spaces in terms of sociology. In conjunction with this, socio-cultural situation has been deployed differently. In the traditional european domestic space, the glass has been applied to this opening since they found the glass. It disconnects two spaces physically but connects them visually. Therefore, without blocking the opening visually, the glass became to protect people with their interior space from outside environment. The important thing is that the application of the glass in a building had been restricted because of opening size. However, after Industrial Revolution with the advanced technology of architecture, the glass came to be applied to the building and it became widen. So, the concept of glass window became to be the one of glass wall. This change made a transformation of visual character between two spaces which are separated with glass wall. This means that the glass wall gave two directional visibility while the glass window gave one directional visibility from inside to outside of space. This is because the amount of the natural light to the interior space increased due to widen glass in a space. This gave a change of visual authority and the space of surveillance(interior space) became to the one of communication. The space of surveillance, Michel Foucault mentioned in his book surveillance and punishment, is a very private one that is not visually permeable from the people outside, while the space of communication is a public one which needs other eyes. In the space of publicity, there needs a rationality, morality and ethics because of public surveillance and in the space of privacy, there restores a desire for sex and assaults.
This study examines the space composition and character of Elizabethan Theater base on the theory of drama and Shakespeares play in the english traditional theater. Contemporary multi purpose theater and public space is considered as a symbolic representation of the Elizabethan theaters organization and renaissance culture. In the historical theory, the Shakespeares theater was a common tool and best systeme in reflecting peoples lives. This role of theater as mass culture and new style of theater permanent design has get its value with the population increase and the urban centralization of the city and urban common sense. This study attempts to reevaluate the need of public space in modern society through a critical review of theater and its use as a open space design. Content analysis was used to discuss the topics of this study including the historical background of the theater, the relationship between Greek culture and modern design, and the role of scenery, auditorium and its impact on urban environment. The scope of the study is limited to the comparison of Elizabethan theater and space use program from the space critic and sociologist. Today the concept of theatrical space is altered with the advent of non-objects and multi media space. This study provides insights for the future implications of theatrical space in developing public space for its a new definition as cultural representation.
The objective of this study is to evaluate the interior elements supporting the safety, mobility and accessibility for the visually impaired persons in the public, government, and other facilities. Ten facilities were analyzed with a checklist based on the architectural codes and the users needs. Also theses facilities were reviewed with mandatory items of the Ministry of Health and Welfare. It appeared that the arrangement of elements such as stair, elevator and restroom, the plan of circulation path and the signage of way-finding had more problems than the details of each element. In addition, institutional facilities for the blinds and trainstation provided easy accessibility, adaptability and mobility compared to the hospital and bus terminal. Suggestions were provided to solve the problem which were found.
The purpose of this study is to identify the perceptual differences among independent elderly relative to falls risk associated with specified environmental design factors. The sample consisted of 135 independent elderly who live in Ulsan. The data were collected by utilizing questionnaire which included demographic information, and environmental design assessments accompanied by line drawings. The data were analyzed by using SAS program. The major findings were as follows: (1) There were 35(25.9%) elderly experienced fall(s) within one year and about half of the fallers fell more than once. (2) The elderly perceived lighting is the most hazardous interior design factor related to increased risk of falls. (3) There was a significant difference among age groups on perception of lighting factors and the elderly perceived floor factors differently by their perceived health status.
This study tries to fine out how the museum visitors use the public·service space. and in the sense that their movement in the spaces may have close relationship with visibility, it uses Isovist in order to fine out the causes on how they move around the public·service space. The study suggests that there is strong relationship between the visitors movement in the public·service spaces and visibility from a certain point. As far as the public·service spaces are concerned, therefore, it is important to consider visibility from certain point such as the museum hall or the main entrance.
The purpose of this study is to provide a practical guide for the actual conditions and the preference of student housing in a regional university. The data are collected through questionnaire surveys from the students of a regional university. 265 samples are collected, and are analyzed by using SPSS-PC. The results are as follows: 1) The actual conditions of student housing Most residents of student housing(76.3%) come from the Capital region. Most of student housing are located at 30 minute distance from the school. Most of house style are Offistel as one room style. Most of housing size are within 10 minute distance from the school. Most of house style are Offistel as one room style. Most of housing size are within 10py, and two people reside in one unit. The average hours of staying at the student housing are over 10 hours. The most inconvenient factor is the lack of soundproofing in the current student housing. 2) The preference of student housing The most preferred location is in the walking distance from the school, and the apartment is the most preferred housing style. The most preferred installation of inside is internet connection. When choosing student housing, students prefer the distance from the school as the most important factor. Most female students reside with a roommate within 10 py of housing size, cook for themselves, and consider rent and maintenance fee as the decision factors in choosing housing. The most preferred style of house is apartment, and they prefer to install basic furniture and kitchen system inside of housing. As students go up to higher grade, they prefer the apartment, and prefer to cook for themselves. More fresh men reside with a roommate compared to other grades. They prefer Offistel with meals service at a walking distance from the school.
The concept of "place" has recently been given much attention by those who discuss problems of urban design and architecture. And we used the term "existential space" denote our concept or image of the environment. To create new space means to implement existential patterns in a given environment. So, this thesis explores the spatial meaning of correlation in Heideggers Existential Space and Situation of Fengshui.tuation of Fengshui.
'Transparency', which has been an important topic of architectural discourse in the recent past, is playing an even greater role in architectural expression nowadays. The purpose of this study is to define the prevailing conceptions about transparency and to discover the various modes of this design effect in architectural space. By using partial or complete of transparency in a structure, designers are able to express themselves more profoundly. The perception between exterior and interior, transformation of day into night and conditions arising from spatial overlapping create an atmosphere which deepens the quickly of architectural design. Transparency can present as void what in reality is solid. Following the period of de-construction, transparency has asserts itself in late part of the century and transparency can be considered synonymous with modernistic and refers to structure that are optically luminant or pleasant in its simplicity. Along with advancement of climate control, construction and design technologies and new material with versatility should combine to even further the diversity of transparency in architectural expression.
Due to the increase in elderly population, leading our society to that of aging one, informations on elderly living environments are in abundance. However, how the elderly perceive these informations and how they decide to choose their final residences normally depend on each elderly persons aging condition, because differences in each elderly persons daily living environment, dictated by his/her health, living characteristics, and/or living patterns, exist. This research studies design guidelines in planning elderly housing thru analyzing Japans privately funded elderly facilities and comparing their services and spatial configurations.
Since the late 19th Century, modern architecture of definite figure and form shared similar concepts on space and from with the abstract art, pursuing the geometric purity and the abstraction. So the reductive approach had been taken in modern architecture as well as on modern art. The 1960 minimal art had experimented an extreme reduction with the cubic forms and the plane canvases, embodying so called minimal-art content, it was just another version of modernism art interpreted by the extreme reduction. The reduction is a characteristics of modernism adopted in every art field, including architecture. Not from the apparent, but from the essential quality of architectural form, figure and space resulting from the reductive approach, a building in this trend schould be judged and appreciated. In many aspects, Korean traditional architecture has been shown the characteristics of Minimal Architecture. With these points of view, this study analyzes characteristics of Korean traditional architecture with above contents through the form and space.
The purpose of this study is to show the implications of the term "digital architecture," which are realized in the current architecture. To do this, I first observe its theoretical background and then analyze the works of Marcos Novak, Kas Oosterhuis, and Lars Spuybroek, all of whom are called the typical digital architects. In particular, this study tries to show that the digital architects are introducing the non-Euclidean multi-dimensions and the cyberspace and applying the notions of liquid architecture, transarchitecture, body-building, and body-building, and body-motorized system into their works. Finally, I conclude that the digital architecture anticipates the direction of the future architecture, in which the virtual world is merged with the real world, the digital space is realized in the real space, and the human is completely harmonized with nature.th nature.
If we take account of the Architectural Tradition which aims a construction of better environment, we can see that this tradition has ended historically toward Utopia. It is a continual trend from ancient to contemporary epoch especially in each transitional periods. Utopia is an ideal commonwealth in which inhabitants exist under perfect conditions, ideally perfect places or state of things. But, Dystopia implies skeptical perspective on the future which has emerged as a result of the increasing awareness about crisis concerning negative aspects highlighted by progress of science and technology since Modern era. Dystopia is the opposite of Utopia which was a propaganda used by Modern architecture and has characteristics of Post-Modernity. Utopias plans are complete projects of image, its goal is an improvement according to the eras. Its plans are characterized by rigid geometrical pattern as circle and square, which contain generally center·axis·enclosure·boundary·symmetry. Recent architectural circumstances no longer reflect utopian visions. Dystopias plans have described extreme mechanism, destructive offense, expression of fragmentation and differentiation in contemporary architecture. Therefore, as the Utopian architecture describes characteristics of the era unlike the continuity of its concept, the Dystopian architecture will find its expression differently while maintaining its basic concept and intention.
This thesis is focused on the visitors varied experiences of the current museum architecture. The current trend and periodical development of visitors experiences are discussed by analyzing the factors such as the external symbol scheme, the exhibition space scheme, and the visitors circulation scheme which are involved with a visitors experience and thus classifying the experiences related to each sample museum. Examining and providing logical descriptions on each of the schemes helps comprehend the visitors varied experiences. This research, which deals with thoroughly understanding a museum as an architecture followed by taking visitors experiences into account, is aimed to contribute to improving visitors experiences in the course of designing a museum. The above-mentioned types of combination applied to each museum chosen for the research help understand the following : National museums show predominance of specific visitors experiences. As for the external symbol scheme, most of national museums have adopted the temple type, whereas international museums have equally adopted with the temple type and the showroom type which are characterized by its dedication to function and being in balance between contents and formalities.
Art Nouveau was a short-lived European phenomenon in art and architecture. Despite the fact that Art Nouveau architecture never fully succeeded as an anti-historical movement, it is important to identify its place in modern architectural historiography. The significance of Art Nouveau-that it incorporated decorative elements into the centre of architectural practice-certainly serves to acknowledge its place within the Modern Movement. Architectural works of Victor Horta, Hector Guimard and Charles Rennie Mackintosh are carefully examined in this paper to find out (1) how they individually emerged and manifested distinctive characteristics and creativity within their own local contexts, and (2) how they can collectively fit into historical discourse of Art Nouveau. Art Nouveau was not a mere fin-de-ci cle phenomenon, but a complicated transient phase at the dawn of European Modernism.
The purpose of this study was to analyze the form of composition and principle of reduction in architectural composition. Theorical category is to find reduction system with the connection between idea of society and tradition in compositional frame. The results were as follows : First, it is appeared the mimesis of style. The mimesis of style is differentiated characteristics between Greek Style or Roman Style and Gothic Revival or Renaissance Revival. Second, it is the reduction of primitive of form. It si divided with mimesis of nature and reduction of primitive hut. Like Laugier the former find the architectural prototype, the latter is convinced of simplicity, purity of nature with us.
The meaning of light is not always developed aspect in process of architecture history as essence worth of the architecture. It means that architectural light is not affected simple development of civilization, but it has more complex aspect. The technology of applying architecture has continuous development of society that light is possible to extend quantity by development of technology because light is component not simple material or tools but strong worthy aspect, quality development of architecture comes true by exact understanding and application. Conversion from medieval society to modern society begins at the Industrial Revolution has new skills and materials, the architectural conform general space filled with non-characteristic light, and it gives rising to pursuit Utopia is not exist frequently. In result, light of metaphysical meaning is diminished and exterminated. In other hand light seems to be tools by development of technology in modern society, recovering its own meaning in other aspect. That light makes perfect image of architecture not by finite meaning only for simple space but by expressing strongly point that unify the whole architectural composition. Light is free from partial material of architecture. Light activates major composition through high-technology, and has possibility to carry out the essential worth animate architecture. The light expresses relative speciality for sense of place recognizes major component which the human being lives in and conform the real meaning of architecture.
These days, we face of the flood of books published, and data day by day. But there are some trouble to serve the knowlodge and date to the users efficently with a single library. Thats why we think about the way of the cooporation and the connection in modern library for the method of widening the service. As the result of the issue, the establishment for the relation of each library is needed to be done, and the composition of the public library network in same area and limit are also needed. Establishing the library network, the civil life will be much influenced by the service of a library. With the existing ways, library cant arrange data efficently by them selves, and the users are limited. But the library network collect the data with alloting the work to each portion, so it can be possible to gather the specipic data, and the cost caused by needless and overlapped data can be decreased remarkably. Furthermore, the location of the library can be closer than the existing one due to the less cost to maintain the library. As I explained, the convenience of using the library can make an effect on more people to use a library than before.
Although Frank Lloyd Wright represents himself as one of the greatest American master architect, the master architects contribution towards the advancement in the modern history of architecture goes beyond just creating landmark buildings. Through out his life, he was the leading architect not only in the area or architectural design but showed his talent in interior architecture, furniture, fabric, lighting fixture, art glasses, tablewares, silver wares as well as in graphic design which should cover all the elements related to the "total design" in architecture. As seen in his architectural design, the "total design" concept also reflects both beauty and logic of the nature and strengthens his theory of the organic architecture design. The research began with finding out the relationship between his architecture, nature and the supporting design elements mentioned above. the purpose of the research is to analyze the relationship of the spatial organization and the design elements in Frank Lloyd Wrights architectural works from the point of "total design" view and provide the valuable guide line for the development of the modern interior design. His design theory, based on the fundamental ideas of the nature, his organic architecture design, and reference materials to support total design concept will be discussed on chapter 2. And on chapter 3, application of the total design in his actual project will be analyzed. The data and analyzation have been completed based on written references and actual visit to the project sites. Frank Lloyd Wright placed highest value on the human beings and enjoyed presenting new ideas and forms to create better environment for the humans through his architecture and interior design projects. While he was presenting new ideas he continued to support design for democracy which has close relationship to the new frontier spirit of America. He was the master architect for the general society with accurate understanding of the life style of the public with design sensitivity shown in his concept of the total design.s concept of the total design.
The concept of the true house' is based on the balance of a person's life and nature and represents the life in which lies an organic harmony between environment and ecology. However, humans have always been in a position of dominance over nature and with their developments have brought on much destruction and corruption to the ecosystem. With this, the position of the true house has intensified and the ecological approach of architecture has started to come into consideration as its alternative plan. Accordingly, it is essential to reconstruct and take on a new perspective of nature. The conversion to a more Oriental approach, which dwells in the adaptation and harmony of nature, is especially sufficient to the ecological aspect of architecture. From this we can realize that the ecological approach is none other than a modern interpretation of what our ancestors have lived by. In other words, an architectural concept deriving from the adaptation of climate, season, and nature-the coexistence of man and nature. From an ecological point of view, the idea of favoring nature in the traditional house can be found in the inclination of being one with nature by adapting to its geographical and preferable climate conditions. This results in the use of natural energy, the use of natural resources, the organic connection between the inner and outer natural space, and the application of nature itself. By approaching these elements from a modern point of view and applying it to the current time, we can open up the door to a more lasting human-environment based ecological position of architecture where our own climatic characteristics and traditions can be reflected in the pursuit of harmony between man and nature.
Since the twentieth century, common exhibitions have experienced display replacements and apace alterations. As a result, not only the visual space background of the spectators but the structure systems and positions of the construction space have also been changed. With regards to common zones of the exhibition space, appropriate harmonization of spectators space, aisle space, and media space are closely related the effectiveness and propriety of display arrangement. A number of preceeding researches suggest exhibition first, construction next, regarding the order of the construction and exhibition of the museums and art galleries. However, a majority of the exhibition hall constructions in Korea have not been carried away based on these models. Thus, disharmony of constructions and exhibition space structures have caused numerous problems. The purpose of this research is to seek the countermeasures that can be used in the stage of planning for the museum constructions and exhibition space by suggesting, based on the above mentioned points, the development of the indicators and analyzing methods to understand the structural attributes of the common exhibition space through space syntax method and multivariate analysis.
Except the time when the relics of the museum are exhibited or loaned to the public, they are stored in a storage. Therefore, the environmental condition of a storage is a important factor. But in Korea, the appearance of the building and exhibition design are emphasized more than any other factors in planing museums, so the preservation technology has not yet reached the appropriate level and leaded to some environmental problem in the museum storage. The purpose of this study is to suggest guideline for an apt storage system by reconsidering practical notes in planning storage and give a efficient long-term plans examinable category. So this study based on the research had been stated from the recognition that the relics should be planned and placed differently in sorts, and developed this by researching the theory related to the matter throughout documents and to cope with the low efficiency in its essential role compared to the massive investment and through on-the-spot surveys emphasizing on the storage of the domestic museums in progress since 1995. Hereafter it compares the actual condition and problems of the domestic museum planning with the ones abroad, and analyzes the characteristic and difference between the two, and then establish an organized storage system.
Nowadays tiles are widely used as architectual material because of their external beauty, solidity with fire-resisting and water-resisting qualities, and convenience for construction, preservation and repairs. Owing to the improvement of living standard and makers scramble for tile markets, we regard tiles as art and culture. Tiles have been developed with technical improvement, based on mutual relation of material and design. The purpose of the third firing is to create high value added as we show artistic merit and decorative effect. For this reason, researches on new material and design have been carried out widely. I made researches whole process from design to printing by means of computer and experiment with color and vetroza of the third firing. I hope that tile makers will share the achievement of university researchers and this paper will be useful for those who are interested in tiles.
It can be characterized that contemporary architects intend to establish architectonics which can make it possible to reinterpret the attribute of movement in space and its programming differed from the traditional perception in moving in and out any space through disjoining and reorganizing human behavior and event. This intends reflect new paradigm for subjugating the compelled fuctioning of modern Architecture. This Study review those intends focused on programming as a pre-disign schema. In those intends, it connotes the effort of establishing more systemic and logical approach through deconstruction and disprogramming the existing from, space, elements and human on the basis of his own schematic conception as substitution of function in modern architecture.
The purpose of this study is to suggest a evaluation method and matching process model which derives suitable design firm for a client. Unlike the existing evaluation method, the suggested evaluation method and matching process for interior design firm allows a client specify his own needs. The evaluation methods utilizes designers experience record, past performance and customers post occupancy evaluation to derive design firms meeting clients requirements. With this method and matching process model, customers could access the design firms more efficiently and the design firms suitable for the clients needs could be suggested.
Between multiple components of the building, materials have a direct impact on the environment. For many researchers have proposed guidelines for green design materials. However they didnt provide concrete criteria for selecting materials for selecting materials for achieving green design. From the perspective of this point, this paper proposes. Performance information expressed numerically is the most important factor. The purpose of this study is to provide the specific information about the performance of materials that has been ranked quantitatively. The performance information can be utilited in selecting materials for green design.
This study basically is an attempt to categorize green architecture as the notion of occurrence and formation. In doing so would enable to seek for an insight of methodological matrix in green architecture. Which methodology should be arrived at to suit to which typology of green architecture. Moreover, the notion of occurrence is a fundamental principle to bring socialism into architecture. Therefore, it implies selecting which methodology to make green architecture can be associated with its communal sense and its appropriation is usually determine in a specific typology such as social program, community enlightenment and so on. At the same time, whether the notion of formation or occurrence, it is important to make clear insight the appropriation and alternation of technology while attempted to make green architecture. In a practical sense, this study ultimately proposes a critical aspect internationalism in the category of green architecture and speculates appropriate green architecture in substantial way.
The target of this research is the analysis about Santiago Calatravas works in harmony with the dynamics of architectural technology and aesthetics in contemporary architecture. His first design process in works starts from the observation about the from of nature. He expresses the dynamics of architecture through using the Curve freely. His works express the dynamic movement, the quality of the unique inspiration and the rhythmical impression. As both scientist and artist, Calatrava could be called a classical architect and a man of his times simultaneously. Consequently, contemporary architectural designs shall be gradually focused in the dynamics of the technology and aesthetics as Calatravas ones.
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