The overall trend of the contemporary society which is characterized by the variety and de-unification shows many that object to the language system of the structuralism. The typical characteristics of deconstruction in contemporary architecture and products are deconstruction of meanings, deconstructuralism of he form by the use of material, new material, deconstruction of metaphor and way of expression, deconstruction of proportion and deconstruction of ideas. The design elements of the deconstruction are re-defying the function, changing shapes, the structures, metaphors, dening of the golden proportions and the emphasizing the kitsch elements. From the various style, the kitsch style is a phenomenon that comes from the way of representing emotion, inspiration, understanding of the popularity, and the authority of consumers for choice.
year in Europe and Asia. Therefore the introduction of new ships continues at a great rate. There is a definite trend toward either large ships or smaller, more luxurious vessels in cruise industry. The day to design and build the large cruise vessel is coming to Korean shipyards, sooner or later. The most important thing to design large cruise vessel is to have a correct comprehension about the feature of cruise vessel, especially of the passenger accommodation area in cruise vessel. This paper is on the spatial features of the passenger accommodation area in cruise vessel. General arrangement drawings, deck plans and technical data of the newest large cruise ships are analysed to understand the spatial features and induce the direction of space planning of passenger accommodation area for the large cruise ship of tomorrow.
This study aims by analysing the interior design elements trends of current medium size office buildings in Seoul. The analysing objects are ceiling, floor, wall, and illumination plan of current office buildings. Analysing tools are finishing material and color of each part. Analysing areas are lobby area, deskwork area, conference area, welfare area, public area(rest room, corridor, stair). The interior design elements of lobby shows a lots of different features then the other areas in ceiling, floor, and wall design. Such difference appears at finishing material especially, and the coloring is more splendorous then the other areas. Desk work area and conference area have similar characteristics in finishing materiors and colors, and they usually follow the needs of function. Walfare area shows more splendorous feature then deskwork and conference area, and designed by various materials and colors. Public area also shows very active design concept then past times.
The ideas of cyberspace and bio-mechanic hybrid architecture which has been made in conjunction with the electro-mechanic environment and human body as an organic body are newly illuminated in the main stream of contemporary architecture. This study aims at the analysis of the expression of the image of cyborg as a hybrid of an organic body and machine after modern era and its methods of application to arthitectural design. The results are as following: Cyborg is a hybrid of human and machine that is made according to the principle of cybernetics, and is a kind of bachelor machine in the late 20th century. The cyborg images in modern architecture were expressed as prosthetic object-machine, organic image, pataphysical machine. The cyborg images in contemporary architecture are expressed as auto-control function, organic machine, cyberspace.
In modern period, the houses are the most outstanding works by architects in which they develop their architectural identical theory and new color design concept has been established with the appearance of modern new art. This study is to summarize and analysis the characteristics of color design in 9 outstanding modern houses according to the historic artistic period, from 'arts and craft movement' to modernism. The result will re-analyze theory on the history of modern houses and support the identity of the modern houses. The research method is based on book review and in detail, the analysis on color design were proceeded by comparison with color picture of interior space of the houses.
Contemporary architecture is developing aspects of variety design. In spite of elevation is important section to express main concepts, it difficults to limit because it decisions inclusively elements. This thesis is on way to understand variety and dimness expression of architecture. The scope of this thesis is the analysis of Korean single housing. The components of elevation are mass, roof, shape of windows, materials, shape of floor plan. The analised types of expression are rationallity, technique, tradition of types of expression, the latter is harmony, revolution in the opposite direction of types of expression. The types of expression in elevation of Korean single housing have characteristic components. Elevation has important a matter on design process, I extect to reflect result of thesis to housing plan.
The purpose of this study was to examine the application tendency about the elements of the western classical style which appears in Korean commercial space. The examined objects were 436 pictures of 106 commercial spaces from the different monthly magazines between Sep. 1994 to Sep. 1999. The results of this study were as follows: 1. The tendency of application according to the kind of space, it has appeared much in restaurants and cafes which are being made into high-class centering around Kangnam area. As for the single application in commercial space, Renaissance style was shown most, and the cases applied through the mixture of Renaissance style and Neo-classic style appeared most. 2. The tendency of application arroding to the composition elements of space, the wall of Renaissance style and N대-classic style appeared similarly, and the ceiling of Renaissance style, the window and door of N대-classic style, the column of Renaissance style, and the furniture of Rococo style were being applied much.
The purpose of this study is to look for the tendency of 391 Masters' theses(among total 405 theses), which were conferred from graduate school in interior design from 1993 to 1999. This study has been developed by two steps. First step is to select factors such as conferment year, graduate school, field and subject and space of study. Second step is to extract the characteristics of five factors and their interrelations during seven years. The conclusion could be summarized as follows; In the early years, interior design studies were chiefly made by a new schools. And these studies tended to carry out design projects which were connected with residential, commercial and exhibition space. Space design was an absolutely major subject and field of study. But gradually, by many graduate schools, interior design studies have been developed both in quality and in quantity. Various spaces and various subjects were included with design-oriented theories. It was very natural that the character of study depended upon the graduate school. In the future, interior design study had better add some related designs and theories to support it.
The purpose of this research is to develop interior construction cost-estimating system at the early stage of the project. Though general construction estimates are typically in quantitative, interior construction should be in rather qualitative. Therefore, design-concerned cost-estimating methods should be developed to manage interior projects from the early statge. 30 estimates of VIP-Zone interior projects, were examined to develop the general type of composition and material classification. The cost has been classified by construction parts such as wall, ceiling, floor, and doors & windows and their treatments. The composition and material related estimating system (CMRES) was consisted of the unit average costs of classification and the variation coefficients. The CMRESS was verified by the case study, and the results sowed that the difference between the actual estimate and the CMRES was competitively confident.
The objective of this study is to develop the evaluation checklist in the public interior spaces for the elderly and the Disabled people. The propriety and intensity of three architectural codes and two standards were examined by comparing with each other and the score was made according to the value. Findings revealed that Korean accessibility code had more mandatory items than others. The essential items to the handicapped's behaviour should be preserved, but less important things could be reconsidered. Also Korean code stressed the vertical moving equipments. But Swedish code had obligatory items in fire refugees facilities, and American code emphasized the corridor and sanitary facilities. Therefore, American and Swedish mandatory items and recommendations which were not addressed in Korean code and guidelines should be considered to apply to ours by investigating a user's problems and adaptation. This research can be used as a basic checklist for public spaces by users as well as guidelines of final design.
This study is focused on the process of a furniture design in work spaces, especially for bank interiors. Basically furniture design is consisted of two main parts of process. The first part is series of a theoritical background and the second part is a visual design process. Theoretical background contains human activities in place, antropometric data, requisite furniture type according to activities and some guidelines for design. And for the visual design process, series of sketches(theoretical background must be applied to this process), and alternatives of design was needed. Researching and applying all these factors systematically to furniture design process will lead to harmonious interiors.
From 1960 year, in Korea, for solving the cityward drifting of problem, A lot of apartment housings were intentionally constructed in the process of industrialization. After 30 years, for solving the stock problem of the deteriorated apartment housing, it has mostly been reconstructed, till now. In this paper, because we try to improve upon the method of the problem which is used n reconstruction, we propose $\ulcorner$Re-using system$\lrcorner$ of a deteriorated apartment housing. This includes all improving spheres of deterioration of faculty and sociality, which are all factors of discomfort and improving method after residents'living, individually and collectively. Accordingly, the object of this paper consequently propose the application of the methods of $\ulcorner$Re-modeling system$\lrcorner$ to all stocks of deteriorated apartment housings.
The study intends to systematically arrange and classify the museum layouts in terms of their structure of exhibition space. The exhibition space, here, means the whole area where visitors are allowed to move and visit in museums. Through this, I tied to understand the characteristics and trends comparing and analyzing international and national exhibition space layout, and then grope the standard in case of establishing museum. The first criteria is based on the point of view that the typical museum experience is made in the exhibition space. Accordingly, the exhibition space can be grouped into two categories; one is 'room type' consisting mostly of individual rooms as in classical museums, and the other is 'open plan type' consisting free standing walls as in miesian free plan. The second criteria is dependent on the way how visitors move about in exhibition spaces. In other words, museum layouts can be categorized in terms of mutual connection between individual spaces including exhibition spaces and corridor spaces designated for the purpose of moving. consequently, the layouts can be categorized into five groups such as 'free plan', 'linear type', 'room to room', 'room & corridor' and 'composition type'. The third criteria is about the overall structure of museum layouts including such elements as whether it contains a certain type of central major space or not and whether and how the exhibition spaces are connected to it. By applying these classificatory criteria, the study analyzed and classified 90 sample of museum layouts in order to understand clearly and succintly the spatial characteristics and implications contained in them.
The purpose of this study is to examine the interior textile color changes and trends by analyzing the characteristics of interior color hues and tones. Heimtextil in the interior field was selected for color trend analysis from 1996 to 2000. The conclusions of this study are as follows: First, In terms of hue, warm colors like Y, YR, and R were most prominent in all four years. Some new colors, however, emerged with higher frequency. The frequency of GY and B increased in 96/97, GY, BG and PB in 97/98 PB and B in 98/99, and B and PB in 99/2000. Especially between 96/2000, the frequency of PB and B has been increased, although the frequency of GY has been decreased. Over the four years, P, RP, and Neutral showed medium frequency, and G and BG showed low frequency. Gold appeared as an accent color in two years while silver appeared in one year. In summary, warm colors like Y, YR, and R were most prominent in interior color. Second, In terms of tone, p, b, v, and sf were most prominent over the four years. Although 에 and ltg appeared with high frequency n general, a wide variation was presented. The tones such as p, dp, and v appeared with high frequency in the three years of 96/97, 97/98 b and sf in 97/98 ; lt, dk and sf in 98/99. On the other hand, a new trend emerged in 99/2000. In this year, ltg, sf, s, d and dkg appeared with high frequency unlike the other three years. In other words, soft or light tones, such as pale, soft, light, grayish, and deep, and strong tones, such as vivid and bright, appeared with high frequency.
The importance of evaluation in design activity has been increased. Specially, it is necessary to take into consideration of user's needs as design criteria nowadays. Through these evaluations, the comprehensive quality of architectural design could be substantially improved and play the part of recycling at least in cases of theme similar structures. By a viewpoint of library patrons, there have increased many problems In library environment because more library patrons use the reference room for their study since reform of university education was carried out In 1981. Therefore, after post occupancy evaluation and spatial-planning matters of architecture are taken into consideration in this study, the problems of the plan-composition on the existing structure is pointed out and introduced the concept of post occupancy evaluation to grope the solution. With the question about users's needs and the state of use in the K-University Library, this study aims to investigate the actual use circumstance of space and maintenance of facilities as well as giving the most relevant alternatives instead of already existing one. This also intends to propose the essential date to meet the users' sociopsychological needs and environment innovation when planning the university library.
In the nowadays years our city's housing environment which progresses rapidly social-economical development is posited the role in the nowadays multi-family housing brings about the individualism of the nowadays city, and makes muddy neighborhood meaning, and the quality of the nowadays city dwelling house environment becoming worse. This study was started with the cognition of the need of intermediate-space, in the our life in the neighborhood city. Intermediate-spaces, has same meaning to come into the action of consciousness of the neighborhood. For the improvement of the quality of city housing, we should cleary recognized the individual territory after we set the proper in intermediate-zone in the multi-family housing. Therefore, this study inquires ito the meaning of intermediate-zone, and catches the formation technique of intermediate-zone and the method of plan through the investigation of the use cases of the multi-family housing which is established intermediate-territory. and then I analyze the role of the formative space by this method. By this method, I grope for the effect of the use through the alternative plan of the design method of the intermediate-zone. If the methods of play use the role in the nowadays multi-family housing, high quality will build up.
Architecture should deviate from euclidean ideas of abstract space while helping to accommodate individual perceptions and experiences of a given space. Concepts for making space should be cognitively processed. The process of gathering information from the environment represents a new spatial concept as expressed in the cognitive structural relationship between the environment and the individual as the subject of architecture. Additionally, the cognitive experience of space is primarily perceived visually, and visual perception is the basis for information-gathering and decision-making. Therefore architecture should be excluded from the conceptual focus on the existing space design rules, being expressed instead in experimental architectural spaces connected to subjective human experience. While some research has been done on this topic regarding architecture, further study is required in the area of interior design. This study proposes the possibility of composing effective living space through an investigation of cognitive space concept theory and expression elements, and includes a case study of Interior architectural spatial analysis.
The cultural identity of design is very critical in the modern society which is called the society of complex culture and multi-culture. In addition, adopting a traditional lattice-like pattern as a composition element of interior space is an effective way in the context of adding a traditional touch to the modern interior space. Meanwhile, in the process of applying Korean traditional lattices to modern interior space, some problems occurred: it has not been properly embodied; or it has been mistaken for those of China and Japan sharing similar culture with Korea. Thus, this study is designed to have precise knowledge of Korea, Chinese and Japanese traditional lattices. Besides, typical patterns of each nation's lattices are comparatively analyzed from the geometrical viewpoint, in a bid to pave the way for th modernization of traditional lattices. In particular, standards are set and proposed to identify different nations's lattices mainly focusing on grid type lattices which are often used and confusing.
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