This study puroses to grasp the change of dwelling space by the change of family organization according to the change of population in the rural area of suburbs of city that suppose to receive the influence of the city. The method of this study is to collect data about form village houses in monographs and reference books and study change factor of houses. To the selected village we will interview local inhabitants and officials and observe and survey the farm village houses by visiting houses. Through the research results we will know the change of population organization that cause the change of room utilization. We know that village pepole have living articles in dwelling space. We expect that the farm village houses will become city houses only in the dwelling space. So the suburban farm houses must be planned as in relation with the city.
Due to rise in a more sophisticated consumer and free distribution of foreign goods domestic department stores have been confronted with the need to change marketing strategy. The VMD strategy has become increasingly important as the means in reaching the contemporary consumer who has been sensitized to a visual style of marketing strategy. The use of VMD organizational elements have enabled us to create basic planning data that more accurately reflect our current marketplace trends,. The positive influence and supporting role of visual merchandiser is needed more than ever and will be an important part of future profit and customer satisfaction regardless of whether the customer is driven from image buying values and product-quality issues.
As the trend shows that corporate investment for staff's welfare facilities has increased alongside employee's enhanced economic and conscious level which has resulted from economic growth and industrialization this study aims at analyzing interior design elements in staff's welfare facilites especially in cafeteria and suggesting new directions for designing those spaces. The method and scope of this study in firstly to described general points such as function and role of public food service and interior design elements in staff's cafeteria and then to grasp and analyze the present conditions of the staff's cafeteria for enterprises and financial organizations which has been built after 1990. The conclusion of his study can be summarized as follows : First it is desirable to locate employee's cafeteria on upper or top floor which has relatively good atmosphere. Second it is recommended to make overall atmosphere of employee's cafeteria impressive and in commercial restaurant. Third the separation of service circulation serveries and eating area is necessary. Fourth material for each parts should be easy to maintain and durable. Fifth more illuminance that the regulation is recommended and lighting fixture should be selected in terms of economics and maintenance. Sixth selecting bright and warm colors with partial application of accent colors is effective. Seventh furniture should be harmonized with the ambience of the space and required to be convenient and durable. Eighth to provide visual and auditory pleasure during eating it is desirable to equip the minimal A/V system. In addition diverse aspects such as improving employee's welfare caring for company the way of treating employee an boosting corporate images should be considered when designing staff's cafeteria and interior designer should be able to satis managerial aspects productivity and effectiveness as well as pursuing functional aesthetic facts.
The purpose of this research is to suggest improved storage spaces for each room after taking POE survey of a selected twelve houses which were built according to the standard plan for houses in farming and fishing areas by the government from '94 This research was promoted to suggest suitable storage spaces for each room. The focus being on shoe chest storage in the entrance TV and audio set storage decorated shelves in the living room fixed furniture and storage in the bed room cupboard in the kitchen and storage space in multiple purpose room, Based on the number type NONGJIN-95-25-D which is the most popular type in the standard plan for houses in the farming and fishing areas during 1995. According to the survey those 12 points wee of discomfort and the people preferred fixed and modular furniture based on movable shelves. moveable self-assemblable modular furnishings, The survey can be the fundamental data to make that kind of plan for the farming and fishing and fishing people according to their taste.
Chair is one of objects which are closely connected with human body and is a symbol which represents human essence and culture. Symbolism embodies the meaning of expression through transfering the immaterial structure to tangible form. Therefore chair embodies the essential internal desires of human by means of its symbolic representation. In order to understand the essential human desires included in the symbolism of chair it is necessary to consider these desires with respect to cultural and historical context. in this study four essential internal desires of human are investigated through the symbolic representation of chair that is the desires on human psychological comfort authority freedom and eroticism. The purpose of this study is to emphasize the necessity of the design approach based on the understanding of essential internal desires of human which is pursued from the object by user.
A purpose of this study was to investigate actual condition of the modern adaptation of interior elements(wall, floor, ceiling. door & window) in traditional house. The examined objects were 185 pictures of restaurants and cafe interior spaces from the 5 different monthly magazines between jan. 1993. to Dec 1997. The results of this study were as follows : 1. Mostly they were either partial adaptation from the original or partially transformed adaptation rather than entire adaptation of the original. 2. Of the traditional interior elements adapted in restaurants and cafe space only specific elements were being adapted. For example partial adaptation from the original were oiled paper flooring(Jangpan) plaster wall ceiling finish that left the rafters and beams exposed(Yondung-chonjang) and window or door frame which is vertical lattices accented with horizontal lattices grouped into three sections(Ttisal-mum) And partially transformed adaptation were oiled paper flooring rice papered (Hangji) wall Yondung-chonjang window or door frame of Wan character(Wanja-mun). 3, In regard to space the mostly adapted spaces were halls rather than rooms.
In the modern ages when the surroundings of a city has become firm and monotonous this study designed to suggest an direction towards creative approaches to space planning by analyzing the images of interior space with the introduction of natural expressions as an alternative to create original space in order to give vitality to the previous standardized space and to satisfy human beings psychological desire. The results of the analysis as a way of expressing direct indirect and eclectic images using nature a source of arts read that most of the natural expressions show perceptive images strongly that natural elements can become the elements of design in any form and that nature's images are expressed by not only natural and artificial materials. In conclusion natural expression in interior space does not have any fixed form of expression but gives a great deal of vocabulary to the image formation of interior space by stimulating being's sentiment with the spatial restructure of nature's own particular order of form.
The results of simulation on greenery ratio using CG are as follows: arrangement type of optimal condition and greenery ratio were summarized as below as dispersion type and 5% ratio greenery for 20 pairs of assessment items and these assessment items were classified into 5 factors as a result of factor analysis,. These factors were Harmony Animation Atmosphere texture Peculiarity. Verification results of factors differences according to each condition can be. there was no apparent difference among factors in accordance with gender, In case of arrangement type dispersion type was higher than concentration type in all factors. Based on the above results dispersion type was assessed higher than concentration type the most suitable condition of Harmony Factor was 5% dispersion type Animation Factor was 5% dispersion type Animation Factor was 7% dispersion type Atmosphere Factor was 10% dispersion type Texture Factor was 5% concentration type and $\ulcorner$Peculiarity Factor$\lrcorner$was 7% concentration type.
This study intends to analyze the various spatial structures and characteristics of the museum based on the two of the Renzo Piano's recent projects Menil Collection '||'&'||' Museum and Beyeler Foundation Museum Which defined the direction of the "Third Generation" in museum architecture with reference to the quality of spatial experience and design applications. Comparison and analysis were done on the basic spatial organization floor layout accessibility exhibition area lighting plan and circulation between the two museum. Through the itemized common characteristics of the museum the architect's proposal on meaning and direction of the new museum architecture can be viewed. The contemporary museums distinguish themselves quite clearly from their predecessors and this applies both to their own form and to their spatial organization. As the public demands and requests toward the museum building facility expand everyday the architect must respond by providing multiple types of space where people can experience different atmosphere in each area. One concept he used to create multi experienced area was manipulation of the natural light using by the state-of-the-art techniques of the light filtering system and multi-layering roof system to protect the valuable collections against the direct sunlight. But mainly it was to prove his strong belief in "architecture of light" by creating space with minimized meaning by purposely distinguished area in order to provide maximum support to the physical value of the collection " The connection with nature" is another concept which Piano used to provide the public a tranquil experience through out the architecture which engages in a lively dialogue with art. In spatial organization Piano concerned on functionality which not only concentrated on the visitor's point of view but also on the museum staff's comfort. Unlkie the traditional museum he alternates various size of exhibition areas for spatial hierarchy. Specially the spatial flexibility that the temporary exhibition areas are able to be expanded to the permanent exhibition areas by adjoining t재 spaces differentiate Piano's new museum from the rest. museum from the rest.
This study aims to show the present status of the expressions in the contemporary architecture in Kore under its pluralistic and equivocal situation. Non-residential buildings constructed since 1960 till 1997 have been analyzed focused on the rationality romantic property and koreanity which are the expressional aspects and its expressional characteristics in contermporary architecture in Korea such as the properties of the quasi-thematic approach limitary subsistence unexisting common ownership mixed copy and normative diversity have been grasped. These results prove that the common features after Modernism such as the restoration of humanity search for the architectural forms of plural meaning the pursuit for the regionality are also applied for the expressions of the contemporary architecture in Korea, Also this study can be the attempt to clarity the identity of the contemporary architecture in Korea and where it is now.
This research is a study on the spatial organization of Korean houses designed by architects. It is focused on the characteristics and transformation of spatial organization of house designed since 1970. The variety and regularity of organization existed at the back of spatial structure of Korean houses were analyzed through typological and topographical theory. The general subject of this study is to find out the characteristics and tendency of transformation of spatial organization of houses designed by Korean architects. As a result of this study it was clarified that the spatial organization of architect's house turned its derection from the concept of 'unification and connection' to that of 'separation and segregation' It also was found that the degree of depth of room has been increased and the degree of concentration to a certain room has been decreased through the passing of time. It is because of the trend of spatial separation of rooms appeared in the architect's houses.
As the varification of public library services has been come true through the increase of multimedia information accompanied with the development of information tachnology and the advent of various electronic materials the repetitive and labo intensive process has been cut down by the development of network system. Recentrly the electronic library using outside networks electronic library facilities at the time of their new contructions. In this study it is aimed that the outline of the library planning is presented with the case analyses of domestic and foreign libraries especially concerning the kinds and features of the required spaces for electronic libraries their scale basic facilities. The conclusions of this study are : First the spaces requred for electronic library are as mentioned below: catalgue are equipped with terminal information service center reference room electronic reading room computer training center and conference room. Second computer room for management and electronic information center has been made recently in the Library of Seoul City. The space for librarians room is to be 5.48$m^2$ per person on average and for electronic information center of library provided with an exclusive use is to be 5.1$m^2$ per person.
In contemporary architecture, "Function" should be required reconsideration and overall observation in architectural design. Especially, the architecture of the enterprise purely based on the increment of productivity and profits need to concern new implication of function in contemporary architectural design. The architectural strategy of three major European enterprise SNCF present its crucial role of architecture concernmg the presentation and enhancement of the company images. In the process of the numerous construction of the super fast train (T.G.Y) station, SNCF emphasis the technology of the company through the expression of High Tech in the building design. This study clearly explains new implication of function required in relations between the contemporary architecture and the enterprise. the enterprise.
This study investigates the characteristics of Mario Botta's single-family houses. Eight of his housing project which are deemed important in the historical development of housing he been selected for the purpose their elevations plans loggie and interiors are analyzed and evaluated. Through this study the followings are realized ; $\circled1$ The rationality of his interior space comes from Le Corbusier's housing projects. $\circled2 His expression of elevations has developed from Louis. I. Kahn's language and Carlo Scarpa's technique. $\circled3$ The rationality of Corbusier's houses and expressiveness of Kahn's and scarpa's projects together led to his functional solution of internal program an and the creative external images of his own. $\circled4$ The originality of this house results from his creative vision and ability to reinterpret the existing expression and principles in the light of time and space.
Because of the advancements of these modern tecniques and new materials being developed expressionally diverse methods of utilizing metal and glass are being discovered. modern architects in order to add an open-hearted and homogeneous concept into their endeavors to create a transparent space are inclining to the many expressive characteristics which glass and metal provide. Furthermore the products of these endeavors are bringing forth various key elements in respect to useage for today's interior spaces, Due to differing methods of setting up the interior sphere is fastly becoming more generous than viewpoints of the past. Through the use of organization moreover from the former geometric school of thought curvilinear and active organization/ expressive inclinations are becoming diversified. Thus in accordance with the diversifying methods of fixing glass for a sleek and reflective exterior and due to the influence of durability to these fixtures precision not just decoration is gradually becoming more in demand/ Hereupon this study enlightens from the standpoint of planninf for interior spaces through the utilization of glass and metal upon the key factors of expressive attributes and the possibilities which thusly arise. The purpose of this study is to apply these theories to an actual case model study and verify their validity.
The first issue was concerning the subject to provide students with an understanding of the principle of light its concept mental factors etc and with the observation and analysis of the light of an object and its form which is the process for designers to be able to deal with the deeper design concept by complementing the setting of necessary concept. The second issue was concerning the process of basic learning about basic electricity and lighting that lighting designers or interior decoration and architecture designer should have such as the introduction of light in kind of light source lighting system and so forth. The third issue was focused on practical affairs such as design and expression techniques the calculation of illumination using the computer simulation and so on. In addition such issues as the history of lighting photograph and its linkage with the field of engineering about new material ware addressed.
In early 20th Century Neo Art Movement and Fuctionalim in Europe effected to create new tendency as Modern Design and technical development through Industrial Revolution offered technical background to realize Modern Design. All these things were basic to establish 1920s and the concept as Modern Design had been established at this time in field of Architecture and design. Thubular-steel Chair which used industrial material based on social andtechnical circumstance came out as an epochal event and which symbolize Modern Design have enlarged their concept with 1920s European Dwelling Space. According to each tendency arrange characteristics as classifying on the society-cultural spatial plastic technical sides multiple dwelling house and tubular-steel chair for low income brackets have characteristic of (1) the pursuit of social functionalism design for public(socity-cultural characteristics) (2) the pursuit of simplicity based on functionalism (plastic charcteristics) (3) the standardization for mass production (technical characteristc). In conclusion the characteristics of tubular-steel chair which correspond with dwelling space in 1920's is presented a type for relation between furniture and space which correspond with formating in the formative period of Modern-design.
After the Industrial Revolution. most of experimental houses were had focused on the way of construction structure and material of buildings. Especially the Case Study Houses among experimental house of the mid-twentieth century were appreciated as an important case in a viewpoint of technology space and aesthetics. The Case Study Houses program was started by the sponsorship of magazinein California 1945 after the World War II. From 1945 to 1966. for about 20years more than 36 house projects were progressed by the Case study House Program This research divided and organized the expression characteristics of the Case Study Houses' technical spacious and artistic aspects. As a result the experimental housing concept that was established within the Case Study Houses became the remarkable concept of the modern architecture that is successfully accomplished within the frame of housing.
We found the similarities and differences it the works of Italian Architects especially in 1960s Neo Rationalism and also in the products of inclination of contemporary Minimalism. Based on the moderate application of traditional architectural language and on typological prototype the Italian Architects pursued inherent logic by which the works came to the composition and association rule that show an extremely moderate expression of a spirit indispensable to Architecture. And they turned down the logic of ergonomics but they searched for the simple and prototypical form that was the architectural language strongly restrictive common and objective all through the abstraction of Architectural elements in their memories. The overcome from the forms and the methodology of thinking contain common types in Contemporary Minimalism. But Contemporary Minimalism rejects fundamentally the analogical interpretation and typological protiotype from the past.
This study aimed to identify characteristics of design and decoration of Danish peasant furniture especially painted storage furniture used during the 18-19th century before modern design movement of Internationalism prevailed all over the world. Owing to the fact that Danish peasant furniture were made of available conifer around the farms painting method was preferred to carving. Remoted from main land of western and southern Europe Scandinavian countries longed to imitate their Baroque style architecture and furniture made of marble of hard woods. Painting method was adopted to disguise cheap wood so that it looked like expensive or exotic materials such as marble oak metal granite etc. what they could not afford to buy. Eventually they evolved unique materials equipments and methods for imitation painting in order to decorate folk storage furnitures as well as formal architecture : palaces churches and other official buildings,. Marbling clouds marbling graining stencil spatter painting trompe-I'oeil were common to imitate stones or hard woods. Strong and bright colors had good combination together with dull colors on the Danish peasant painted furniture.
Eclecticism had begun at 1820's and ended at the beginning of the 20c quoted historic and contemporary architecture. This trend is considered with architectural quotation and the meaning has the same text of the eclectic trend of Postmodernism, This study focuse on eclectic characteristics and have purposes of theoretical approaching to and formal analyzing to Contemporary Architecture. And it will be necessary to construct contemporary built environment for diversity of form Because expression of Architectural form by ecleticism is a method without experience designers can take architectural language by indirect experience of another worlds' architectural styles. Architectural form of Ecleticism has to be expressed by designer's own analysis when take a normal identity by creative principal of form-composition it will be a methodology of form composition and a prope necessity.
The aim of the study was to grasp the current trends and to predict the future trends of space composition characteristics by analyzing floorplans drawn by housewives as their ideal apartments. The content analysis method was used for this study. This research used data from a competition held in 1993 by a housing construction company. Among 3,102 floorplans collected 12,232 were selected by Proportional Stratified Sampling Method. The major findings are as follows; 1) Some major features were interpreted as current trends; respondents wanted new rooms that could accomodate various functions separated the private spaces from public trends; they wanted to expand the verandah both visually and actually put importance on the number of bathrooms and have the space for outdoor living and leisure activities.
Grid serves as an auxiliary instrument that explains design logically and objectively when you designing an interior. But grid is unacceptable to the space which is produced by designer who wants to express a design subjectively. Because grid makes usual and standardized space without flexibility. Changing and developing a fundamental unit with modern touch is going to be a way compensate for the weakpoint Also versatile grid unit can support the designer's subjective intention. This study focuses on the limits of Wright's house which show interior space aestheically through grid planing. In this paper Wright's uniqe interior space pattern will be examined through the selection of some of his works specifically the Prairies and Usonians whose transforming is noticable as Wright house and analysis about formation process of grid planning characteristics and spaces is continued. With all this analysis I'm, going to look over Wright's philosophy and pattern that is usually intended by his grid planning.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the characteristics of exhibition circulation which is caused by behavioral factors of visitor's movement and spatial factors in museums. It looks into the factors under the influence with the visitor's movement. The consideration of exhibition circulation may be classified into 2 categories. one is spatial factors which can make a exhibition circulation according to the extent of exhibition space display density position of exit display style and display secenario. and another is the behavioral factors of visitor's movement according to the time speed proportion of appreciation and visiting rate. The method of analysis is statistics of investigation by following after visitors. Through this data we found out that there are correlation with two categories. Therefore each factor that makes an exhibition circulation with organic relevancy have influence on the visitor's movement directly. So appropriate to the planning of each factor can offer visitors to more effective environment of exhibition.
The People usually adapt themselves to circumstances and its changes. in some cases they are try to improve it for better comfortable living environment. However various factors such as a building's own character cultual symbolism cause some problems in creating interior environment because of inappropriate visual communication. It is general fact that the problems of visual environment objects have not been solved organically under the total environmental concept. In this paper I try to find out how graphic symbol sign system a visual transfer process between people and phsical environment facts work on creating interior environmental analysis current cases and propose a solution.
Various living spaces have been attempted in modern resident life. basement and garre's function spaces are ignored even though they have essential environmental elements which are perceived instinctively by people. This is a good example of how rigid rough flows of interior space block the variety of living spaces. The primary purpose of this paper is to show the way of linking between whole living spaces and its parts to make better practical use of our living spaces. And I try to find out what is the original concept of he basement and garret and its relation with our residence how we use then in these days and what is the good way of practical use as our part of living space.
The purpose of study was to identify the interior design preference according to age gender and monthly income of subjects. Interior Image Preference Scale was used to measure Interior design preference of consumers. Data were collected from Oct. 10th 1997. to Nov. 13th 1997. The subjects were 609 adults living in Seoul. Frequency percentage mean Generalized Linear Models and Duncan's multiple range test were used for data analysis, The major results of this study were 1) the subjects generally preferred feminity complexity and modernity of interior design 2) this study revaled relative difference in interior design preference according age gender and monthly income.
With the continued integration through scientification and the progress I the technology of construction around the world Korea's inability to stay within the mainstream of the movement has put it in danger of losing it's very identity. As such Korean cityscapes are filled with overwhelming prevalence of buildings and constructs void of national identity but rather reflective of unconditional application of the western standards of architecture which has so far been the compass of the movement. Accordingly the purpose of this research is the understanding of the current world view concerning of architecture the critical regionalism through the examination of the background of theory which reflect the architectural Kenneth Prampton and also through Ricardo Legorrata Charles Correa Antoine Predock's analysis. Furthermore this research hopes to explore and offer a methodology through which a unique Korean identity can be established in Korea's Modern architecture.
We intend to illustrate how contemporary architects have conceptualized spaces with words. Language practice is so much important work for the contemporary architects as designing realistic building (material practice) As this point of view we need to interest in theses of architects which contains their unique ideas an characters. The purpose of this study is for understanding how contemporary japanese architects embody through special conception when day design the mixed wooden construction and for looking for the possibility of the development of it. As a result the mixed wooden construction candy understood as an expression form how an architects things about relationship between parts and parts, parts and the whole and the character of materials that consist it and such relationship is determined by the requirement of space.
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