The purpose of this research is to empirically validate the IIPS (Interior Image Preference Scale) which is a newly developed visual instrument for evaluating the environmental disposition inherent to individuals especially one's interior image preferences. The questionnaire survey was used. The data were collected from Oct. 10th 1997 to Nov. 14th 1997. The subjects were 399 undergraduate students and 30 professor of Dep. of Interior Design. With respect to content validity and construct validity of IIPS discrimination and similarity structure of scales and characteristics of 12 prototype interior images were examined in comparison with the originals. 429 questionnaires were analyzed using frequency percentage mean and Multi-Dimensional Scales. The major results were as follows (1) All 80 items of IIPS were discriminated by 3 criteria such as Traditionalism·Modernity(TM) Masculinity·Femininty (MF) and Simplicity·Complexity (SC) as expected at the time of the instrument development stage.(2) 12 prototype interior images of the IIPS showed tendency to be accord with descriptors to express them in comparison with the originals (3) All 90 items of IIPS showed a cluster distribution according to the similarity structure of scales. Three subscales of IIPS(e . g. TM MF and SC) were structured pretty well by those 3 dimensions. This research revealed the IIPS to have content validity and construct validity for evaluating of preference of three properties of interior image in empirical research. The IIPS was found to be potential objective tool to measure the interior image preferences.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the objective preference and satisfaction for the current basic educational environment as well as to suggest the solution by reducing the distance between color theory and the actual situation. The data collected in this study are 195 nursery school teachers and parents from six nursery school with similar color environment. Semantic differential developed by Osgood(1957) as analytic method is applied to analyze the psychological meaning for the color preference among them. The results of this study are as follows; First the nursery school teachers and parents are satisfied with the light tone color palette. Second the nursery school teachers and parents agree with consistent response for the middle tone color palette. Finally the nursery school teachers and parents show different inconsistent response for the vivid strong color palette.
This study aims at developing the interior design method of Public Toilet in office building. There needs new concepts in Public Toilet where we felt dirty smelling and dismal in the past. And the behavior in the Public Toilet become various such as combing the hair making-up changing the clothes rinsing out mouth and so on. Nowadays The Public Toilet of office building shows indirectly the hierarchy and the management philosophy of its enterprise, This study treats with the design items such as unit space zoning plan lighting plan and air-conditioning plan and construction method of Public-Toilet in office building. As a result of this study the interior design methods of Public Toilet must reflect use of fitting material lighting plan user's needs and functional divide.(Powder Zone and Physiology Zone) These result will become basic data of future interior design in Public Toilet.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the architectural space of modern and contemporary architecture which has been changed by the aesthetic cognition on space. The intention of considering architectural space aesthetically is to convert the viewpoint of seeing space as simple physical structure into different viewpoint of regarding 'space' as 'cultural place' However this does not means to apply aesthetic theory to architectural space. The aesthetic cognition on space is one of the main subjects of the expression of art from ancient to today however the appearance of space concept as architectural aesthetics accelerated by G. Semper theory after the latter half of 19th century. On the standpoint of perpetuity in architecture the aesthetics of scientific rationalism in modernism based on the reasonable thinking regards the variety of inherent characteristic in architectural space as 'Transferential Space'. On the other hand, in regarding to architectural trend, the nature in architectural space has been considered as 'Existential Space' starting from the conscious construction of environments to help human existence in the existentialism. The Conclusion logic of follows as belows; first, the concept of space structure in architecture has been exchanged from Enclosed Space to Topological Space. Second, the concept of architectural space has been changed and developed to the Deterministic, Profound, Dissipative, and Recognizable Space according to the change of expression in architecture.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the elements forming interior design and to examine dimensional relationship among the elements which form space through the comparison of the spatial language and semiotics of space for the component of interior design. In addition to that it indtends to derive the principle of design which dominate interior design and the inherent diversified meaning by comparing those elements with the square of semiotic used in semiotics. Through this comparsion the meaning of constituent forming space which can be observed through the comparsion of square of semiotic has redefined flexbility among relational system of elements and this flexible concept make the scope of environment including human being broad and enriched. This study fist of all analyzes various phenomena of social culture review semiotics meta-learning and examines back theoretical ground of semiotics which is needed for space analysis. Second of all in the area of presenting an analysis tool for meaningful analysis this report introduces the square of semiotics which was invented,. A. J. Greimas in order to analyze the meaning of literary work and defind three categories of the progressive research method for the analysis of interior design and research itself. Finally as for the analysis of meaning for interior design this report sets the space and analyzed the space in accordance with the method and research procedure. being
This study is mainly intended to understand on the plan change of a public room in the apartment. This study is summarized as follows; First how the plane type of an apartment public room in the Capital region has been changed since 1970's in which industrialization has seriously started. Second according to the adjoining types how the features of an apartment plan would be divided into some categories. Third how usable area and public area in an apartment has been changed, The scop of this study is limited to the national standard houses of which usable area is 40-85m2(12.1-25.7pyong) built in Seoul and five new cities from 1970's to the half of 1990's The study is based on documents of 1378 samples extracted classified and analysed the plan in the chronical order. The analysis scope is confined to family's public rooms in an apartment such as a living room a dining room and a kitchen. In conclusion the public rooms such as a living room a dining room, and a kitchen become stereotyped with no specific difference in Korean apartments. Especially LDK type, L/DK type is the most general plan in Korean apartments, and the demand of that type is continuously increasing lately.
Contemporary space design has based on the framework of academic standards on a number of scientific propositions in order to find out correlation of human and environment and closely examine approaches of a normative design. However the contents are enormous and introductory and have limitation of application to practical business affairs so that we will have to understand them as a thinking to explain the design with,. Therefore this study is an experimental research making use of concrete design approaches applicable to the area of space design ad cinematic construction as a medium. The purpose and significance of it lies in examining its validity and contributing to the future development of space design. Accordingly this study conducted the research through a literature survey for the understanding of space perception in the cinema deduced the language of design concept according to it examined the basic unit of cinematic construction then analyzed the cases of practical architectural spaces. The findings of this study indicate that human's perception to space and the cinema is deduced as a common conceptual language characterized by the ideas of articulation scenery and timeness. These concepts are very organic and interdependent and can probably become a means for human to appropriately analyze an behavior attribute type of investigating environment with. Also in composing space the basic units of cinematic construction can be as instrument to be easily applied to practical affairs as they are correlated with the function of space and a constituent language to be reasonably designed.
This paper proposes a way to design a multi-purpose hall which can serve as a culture and art space for college students and which can also accommodate college students' behaviour characteristics. The major claims made in this paper are as follows. First the hall should be located where it is easily accessible from major and minor campus facilities. Second friendliness between inside and outside of the hall should be established by providing a Gray Zone such as floor or a yard. Third lobby should have a enough space for the entrance and exit of the hall and for rest and refreshments. Fourth in addition to a fixed stage height-adjustable stage and booth should be provided in order to use the hall space for different use. Fifth in the color aspect high value and low chroma should be used to create tender and friendly atmospher and in the shape aspect a durable natural and functional design should be considered in order to create a modern atmosphere.
This study classifies distinctive peculiarities of cruise interior design which is different from that of structures on the land through the theoretical study on the cruise equipped with functions of hotel and ship. The distinguishing marks are : The first one of the main peculiarities is associated with the International agreement and the safety of passangers and the ship required by the specific regulation. The cruise interior design should be also selectively chosen. The third in comply with the peculiarity of the space plan the base of planning the cruise spaces are as follows : The course of bow and stern the pillar the center line of ship main vertical bulkhead watertight subdivision bulkhead and the deck. The last by special peculiarity of construction materials, materials and products applied for the cruise should meet the regulation of SOLAS and IMCO.
Modern fashion shop is changed by the changing of fashion style. And as purch asing pattern is charged to consuming pattern which has strong individuality functions as space which reflect characteristics of products and consumers in order to present sensitive and in dividual image are also required besides conventional concept as space which simply focused on sale. Meanwhile in the 1980's the fashion presented retro mood modernly by popularization of post-modernism and introduced minimalism that is one of the anti-cultures in the 1960's. Recently minimalistic trends which are expressed by various attempts and a new point of view are introduced to the fashion shop by interior designer. Therefore in this study minimalistic characteristics which appear in the composition of interior space of the modern fashion shop are researched by theoretical consideration and analysis of examples and analysis of examples and consistent direction of fashion shop is presented.
With the rise of the economic level and the improvement of the standard of living the size of the interior work is becoming large and specialized, With the recent opening of the domestic interior decoration market the order of the large-scale interior decoration work is actively received and its efficient construction is vigorously made. Accordingly reliability is required in keeping with all the accuracy of computing interior construction expenses systematically is importantly emerging. The estimation sheet written in a kind of process mode and in an area made as the construction expense breakdown mode were statistically treated and analyzed as well as quantity computation breakdown data. In determing the major factors that expert an influence on the factors of changes in construction expenses as well as the compositional ratio of construction work that becomes basic material for developing the cost model of interior decoration work the following conclusion could be made: Improvement should be made to suit the present situation by synthesizing and arranging the data practically used in current interior construction expenses. Required construction expenses for the kind of work common to each construction field are showing a given proportion and the required construction expenses of rather small scale interior construction work tend to be irregular. It is necessary to compute optimal construction expenses by calculating the optimal period of work and working personnel in consideration of the influential factor in each work.
This study is written with a purpose to foresee the changes of way of life in the 21st century trough recognizing an environment based on a correct ecological world-view and to create environmental design of seeing the nature and humans as one organism. This study is focused especially in environmental design and written generally based on urban ecology human ecology cultural ecology and plant ecology with this multi-interdisciplanary approach,. To understand meaning of ecosytem by considering the theory of ecology for ecological approach of the environmental design and to grope for possibility of applying environmental design by considering what to analyze and how to differenciate concept for ecological environmental plan from the mechanical design. Through this study it was realized that the ecological design starts from the recognistion of seeing the humans and nature as a one and form being aware of signficance of all the living things in our surrounding environment.
We have been taught designing process throughout the long period of education. Nevertheless it is hard to make a quick response to actual project However if we are faced with the actual project as a design professionals it is hard to cope with the project at once nothing but ambiguous idea. Also most of designers concemed with the project do not recognize who are responsible for what. Consequently this attitude delays the entire operation causing waste of time and resources and leads to the unacceptable result. This research is designed therefore to come up with the projects control process that is practical enough to encourage interior designers as well as design firms to face actual projects with shrewd response. There is of course no single right answer to certain design projects. But at least there should be a guideline which shows designers more reasonale systematic ways to control design project lest they should waste time and cost : a guideline as an assistance for successful design result.
Today the worship of entertainment i.e television has created a situation of diminshing monumental environments with increasing leisure time. Let us examine retrospectively the characteristics of the Urban theater Architecture. Two aspects would stand out as Theater Architecture gets closer to the urban tradition or trends to make a part of a city come to life. One aspect is an introvert purity. The other is an extrovert organic structure on the edge of connecting urban scenary with anything hoping to find the renewable element which could be revived eternally in architecture.
Latest modernism shows general idea of phenomenal space through nature of place motility and experience sinceded from standard form and it has general idea of space. therefore this study presents the tension and the relaxation as a method looking for spatal change and value that in spatial experience. For the analysis of work the Conference Pavillon of Tadoa Ando in the furniture company in Vitra Fire Station of Zaha Hidid is analyzed in spatial experence. As the result the result the systematic straight mixture that has a superrimotion with long retangle which the space acts independently and is shown in the drawing of absolutism is formed and collapses theregularity of construction form by decomposition annexation mixing collision and ambivalence. The spatial experiance in this unstable form changes the grade of rank of space by opposite phenomenon by the change of spatial flowing the disorted and vague space that is occurred by superrimotion which has no direction and change of lirht and place and consolidates dynamic strain makes possible to construct against the gravity. And it also creates experienced space thatis reaxed with maintenance of organization of unity harmony, and stsbility.
This study attempts to analyze the characteristics and changing trends of the interior design of modern Korean houses since 1960s and to understand the impacts of Western architecture and design. the photos of 101 houses were selected from the magazines published since 1960s. The data collected were analyzed via frequency percentage and average. The result reveals that the interior design of the living rooms in modern Korean houses has undergone lots of changes in finishing materials window treatments types of cabinets and use of lighting fixtures. It is concluded that 1960-1960s is a period of introducing Western design as a superior while 1980's is a period of exploring various ways toward harmony between Korean style and Western styles and 1990's is a period of settlement of koreanized modernism style.
In Contemporary architecture we could find rough and stiff feeling expression as a special phenomena. This style is combined regionalism to the modern spirit that we could imagine such a phenomena of the modern design toward vernacular culture. it's conception is conformed to the regionalist architecture in that period and the 3rd world experiences, From 1930s resident house Le corbusier introduced vernacular phenomena that considered productional condition of the region and regional environment This tendancy attempted by few young architects. they built building in vernacular phenomena based on the 3rd world experiences and Le Corbusier's architecture. After Le Corbusier's unite d'hbitation in Marseille Ando finishing with diversified material. but Le Corbusier's intention concerned not only to finishing of material but also to practical and human building as he had experienced in vernacular architecture.
The objective of this study is to examine the specific progress in modern architecture with a premise that structure-oriented paradigm, as a primary factor, exerts a strong impacts on 18th and 19th centuries architecture. For this purpose, the concept and meaning backgrounds of structure-oriented paradigm have been checked also intrinsic thought s and critical aspects of modern architecture with the light of structure-oriented paradigm have been studied, This study summarized as follows: 1) The concept of structure-oriented paradigm in accordance with ideologies and technologies is framework of through which is shared as collective consciousness. 2) The backdrops of this consciousness are scientific methodologies stemmed from Renaissance and Enlightenment spiritual absoluteness claimed by German Idealists developed structural engineering with newly introduced material like iron steel and reinforced concrete. 3) The intrinsic through in architectural theories are rational and technological idelolgies which is derived from the backdrops of structure-oriented paradigm. 4)The critical sapects of modern architecture in structure-oriented paradigm point of view are $\circled1$ material alteration and directive imitation of vocabularies in classical architecture with simply using newly introduced building material and structure systems $\circled2$ morphological substitution with abstractly interpreted materials and structure systems $\circled3$ revolutionary conversion into engineering architecture through maximum consideration in compliance with tectonics capabilities
As a rapid supply of a culture facility the change of living style bring on needs about storage space in the residence space. This study choose Hong Je Dong-Byuk San 4 type apartment house which was built in 1990 as research target and we selected 4type of a total 12house and we choose LDK as a research target that is high in a requirement and utilization other space is excluded in this study. We can expect that the apartment house will be differed with area of living space of apartment house in the requirement of storage space. Small apartment house is requried various storage planning because of confined living space But big apartment houses required storage planning of simple type because it have already storage space. So we have to do efficiency storage planning because of limited space in the apartment house. Base on this results we will show storage space according to the type of pyeong. So this study show proper storage type according to the scale of apartment house,.
The past and present time are consistent thinking process system which composed of single concept not separated concept. It's common concept for interior designer to how to realize the thinking process system in actual present day. So this paper was focused on purpose of establishing for procedural process theory by approaching typological process system in interior design process. Interior design being composed of typological thinking process system has been headed as a critical issue to how to transplant well between the design and typological objects. Also we have to be needed to know for the process of visual expression and verbal ability to be able to extract the designer's elements from it. Through the process of visual expression and verbal ability to be able to extract the designer's elements from it. Through the process of visual transformation and analysis we have to extract concepts with united design objects. From these process it should be followed adequate adjudgment on the extracted fragments' assembly and dissociation methods through physical limitation of elements functionality and feasibility's measurements. Therefore from the morphological designed results reflected to typological concepts finished material detail and texture we should be able to take the integrated thinking process system. Lastly interior designer should be able to check whether it was best choice from the consistent design feedback process to ask whether it contains the conceptual design process and new typological objects without non-conformity between past and present days in interior space. Now we should be asked for development of practical design process to be able to realize above assumptions called "Development and Suceeding of Cultural Value System'. Additionally, we have to continue to develop for our true meaning of interior design process, not repetition of past's imitation.tion.
The Study to verify the relations between the store choice behavior and the interior environmental image. the point of view is that the image of store affects the behavior of customers when they choose the store for shopping. The method used for this study is library survey for constructing the store choice model and the field survey for veryfying the model. The store choice behavior of customers occurs according to the procedure : environment exposure-development of cognitive structure-image developing by the emotional response-attitude decision- purchasing. The image of a store is one of the very important elements in marketing stragy. The group which showed the affirmative response to the emvironmental design aspects also showed the high affirmative response to the store image. The group which showed consistent response to the image of store and the image of him/herself showed more affirmative response to the environmental design aspects. Good image to a store affects affirmative attitude of customers and it consequently the store choice behavior
In the Western Civilization you can clearly see the change in the architectural system. In the 19th Century many of arcitectural style resurrected in the appearance of style revival. And each of the Style's appropriateness and exactness were very complicatedly discussed. After the middle of 19th Century a series of morality movement which showed an expectation for a historical revival started to show declining atmosphere. To architects at the periods more universal formation seeking and new surpassing style pursuing logic has exacted which care from very different from the past During this period a question were brought up about architecture ornamental rightness and appropriateness. As each of the architects had a saying about the ornament was recognized as important part of architect. On this bases this study's purpose is finding out whst is the maeaning and content of G.Semper's "Bekleidungstheorie"
The purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristics of expression and formal principle of universalism in Architectural Composition. Theorical category is to find universal system with the connection between idea of society and tradition in compositional frame the results were as follows : First it is the pursuit of divine. Through Middle Age and Renaissance universalism of principles in Architectural Composition is appeared a numerical order and human proportion with applying of cosmology. Second it is the pursuit of schema. With the simplicity of formal image it represented to the geometrical form for its clearness. Third it is the pursuit of typology. As to play a role of decisive factor in formal construction type represented the model with abstraction of shape.
The existential space concept which introduced the sense of place that began emerging recently together with the change of space concept results from people's fundamental existential humane aspect as the subject of perceptive experience. The tendencies of enlargement layering and diversification which we can see in contemporary architecture imply the possibility that elements of urban image can be incorporated into interior design. This study utilizes Kevin Lynch's theory which tries to relate environment to existential space. In this study we re-analyze and apply Lynch's $\ulcorner$the Theory of Urban Image$\lrcorner$to interior space and using the conclusion from a case study examine the applicability of the theory about visual perception to interior design. This study considers a new method of analysis to perceive and grasp interior space through the understanding of the cognitive map and image concept.
The purpose of this study is to consider the correlational factors of space sections based on the fact the exhibition space plays an important role as a medium of displaying art works. And an another purpose is to investigate the characteristics of various types of exhibition unite space from which In intend to suggest basic sources of exhibition design. I classified domestic and foreign museum which are chosen as objects of study according to form and shape of a section plan. Then comparing exhibition space's form and scale exhibited genre lighting system layout composition display and its correlation with an already established thesis on museum architecture I will infer the characteristics of each type of a space. From these studies proper display conditions requested at the museum are different from the genre and property of the exhibited objects. And lighting system display angel of view and appreciation type affect the exhibition area. The shape of space classifies types of section which cause space's characteristics.
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