Proceedings of the KIPE Conference (전력전자학회:학술대회논문집)
The Korean Institute of Power Electronics (전력전자학회)
 Semi Annual
Domain
 Electricity/Electronics ＞ Electric and Electronic Components
1998.07

In this paper, we proposed the alternated forward zero voltage switching multiresonant Converter (AT Forward ZVS MRC). The AT forward ZVS MRC has similar characteristics with clamp mode forward ZVS MRC. So it can reduce the voltage stress to tow or three times a input density [W/inch2]. The proposed converter type is verified through the experimental converter with 48V input voltage, 5V/50W output voltage/power. The measured maximum voltage stress is 170V of 2.9 times the input voltage and the maximum efficiency of 81.66% is measured.

In the high speed rail system, the distortion of the voltage and the current waveform of the input power line increases the power loss and make a several electromagnetic problems such as EMI or the interference of the communication line. In this paper, the control scheme of the PWM converter to make a good power factor and to regulated the output voltage as well as to reduce the harmonic component of the input current is proposed. Also a control schem of the PWM converter in the parallel operation to reduce the harmonics of the input current is proposed

In this paper, a control strategy of the three phase ZVT inverter for ac motor drives is proposed. The topology of ZVT inverter analyzed with a description of the control conditions dependent on the load current and MSVM(Modified Space Vector Modulation). The detailed simulation results indicate that zerovoltage operation during transition of the MSVM algorithm can be achieved.

This paper has described about principle and form of proposed circuit made use of soft switching technology ZVS(ZeroVoltageSwitching) to reduce turn on and off loss at switching. also, the analysis of the proposed circuit has described by using normalized parameter and operating characteristics have been evaluated as to switching frequency and parameters. In addition, this paper proves the propriety of theoretical analysis in terms of the experiments.

An improved currentfed pushpull PWM converter with integrated magnetics is presented. With this improved topology, the design of magnetic elements such as an inductor and a transformer becomes easier than that using the conventional topology, especially when the converter is suffered from an extremely high input current. Since this gives twice the voltage conversion ratio compared to the conventional one, it is also suited for the high voltage stepup power conversion process. The operation of the proposed converter is thoroughly analyzed. Also, the theoretical analysis and experimental results are taken from the laboratory level prototype.

A new high frequency switching drive method using IGBT is proposed for nonmagnetic induction heating system. Using this method, the switching and conduction losses of the switching devices can be reduced. In addition, since IGBT cosl is lower than MOSFET one, the system cosl can be remarkably pared down. The prototype induction heating system with 1.2㎾ power consumption is builted and tested to verify the operation of the proposed high frequency switching drive method.

In this paper, the inverter airconditioner with Power Factor Correction(PFC) circuit is Presented for obtaining the good system efficiency and cost merit compared with the conventional inverter airconditioner. The detailed design procedures for getting the optimal passive components are implemented. Through the simulation and experimental results, it is shown that the system efficiency can be improved. Using the designed components, the prototype system is builted and tested to verify the additional good performances of the proposed circuit.

In this paper, a Singlephase Active Rectifier(SAR) with high power factor capability for inverter airconditioner is adopted for satisfying the international standards of input current harmonics, IEC 100032. Comparing the conventional boost power factor correction circuit, one diode drop is reduced in the power flow path of the SAR circuit, so the system efficiency is improved. To apply the control IC, such as UC3854, ML4821 and so forth, to the SAR, the adequate sensing circuits are proposed. The design rules of passive components and two control loops are also presented. The prototype SAR circuit with 3㎾ power consumption is builted and tested to verify the operation of the proposed circuit.

In this paper, we present a new SVPWM strategy for a 3level inverter. This SVPWM method is easily implemented without switching table like SVPWM. In addition, with proposed method, we can also keep the voltage balancing of DClink capacitors and guarantee minimum on/off time of the devices. The principle of the proposed SVPWM method is described in detail, and its implementation method is also proposed. The usefulness of the proposed SVPWM method is verified through the simulation using MATLAB/Simulink.

This paper is presented the Partial Resonant Soft Switching Mode Power Converter which is adapted the power converter having the partial resonant soft switching mode, that makes switches operated when the resonant current or voltage becomes zero by making the resonant circuit partially at turning on and off of the switches with suitable layout of the resonant elements and switch elements in the converter. Also, this paper includes the analysis and simulation of the Partial Resonant type BuckBoost Chopper.

In this paper we present the method that improve alarm security system using the electronic circuits added the emergency lamp by our proposed Algorithms. In conventional method the emergency lamp of warning & alarm system was not executed perfectly its performance because of battery with short life. For improving this problem we, using Peripheral Interface Controller IC, designed the circuit added the emergency lamp for an warning & alarm system and for prevent from stopping the electric current, and compared our proposed method with conventional method. By designing the circuit to stop up over charge we can extend life of battery, use of a stoppage of electric current in emergency and according to the lightness around. Therefore we are very convenient and profitable in our life. In this future we will study the method to lower the cost of architecture for practical utilization.

This paper describes on the development of Controller for the Utility Car using Microprocessor. The Utility Car is composed of Controller, separately exited DC motor, battery and potbox. It is easier to for a digitalized controller using microprocessor append new function than an analogized controller. The test driving of controller shows that the Utility Car travels 20 [km] per charge.

This paper describes a digital implementation of a pulse amplitude modulation(PAM) method for a unitypowerfactor buckbooster converter. A digital controller is designed and implemented by a Digital Signal Processor(DSP) to replace the analog control circuit for PAM. Experimental results are presented and compared with simulations.

In the industrial motor drive systems, a torsional vibration is often generated because of the elastic elements in torque transmission. One of general methods for the system is H
$\infty$ controller to suppress the torsional vibration and reject the torque disturbance. vibration and reject the torque disturbance. Moreover, the twodegreesoffreedom controller, which includes the H$\infty$ controller, is designed in order to improve the command following property. In this paper, we propose a new H$\infty$ controller with partial state feedback. This method having simple structure satisfies with the fast command following property and the attenuation of disturbances and vibrations simultaneously, just like the complicated TDOF H$\infty$ controller 
A new current controlled PWM technique with NPC structure is proposed in this paper. A current controlled PWM technique with neutralpointclamped pulsewidth modulation inverter composed of main switching devices which operates as switch for PWM and auxiliary switching devices to clamp the output terminal potential to the neutral point potential is described. The proposed current controller has a first and second current band. The switching pattern will be made by the first current band. According to the second current band, the output state of the switching pattern is changed into positive and negative state. This inverter output contains less harmonic content and lower switching frequency than that of conventional current controlled PWM technique at the same current limit. Two inverters are compared analytically and the performance is investigated by the computer simulation.

In this paper, by means of Lyapunov second method, we analyze the stability of IP control servo systems in the time domain for the first time. Based on the results on the stability analysis, the design rule to select the gain of IP control is suggested such that the maximum error of output to the nominal system is guaranteed for all uncertainty and load variations. An example of a speed control of brushless dc motor given to prove the unusefulness of the gain design rule.

This paper presents an observer filter algorithm to estimated the load currents in the output voltage control of 3phase uninterruptible power supply with deadbeat controller. As the result of the proposed algorithm, the sensors to measure the load currents is not required. The comparison of output voltage controls according to the methods of measuring the load currents is also presented in this paper. The results of comparison are shown by the simulation.

In this paper, we implemented this failure detecting and monitoring system for highpressure natrium lamps and ballasts. The hall CTs of the local detecting system measure the current flowing into natrium lamps via ballasts and acertain whether the natrium lamps or ballasts are out of order or not. These test data are transmitted to the main monitoring system. So, we can see the status of the natrium lamps or ballasts promptly.

A switching power stage is a very nonlinear system because it has two or more operation modes in one switching cycle. To model a switching power stage, the state space averaging method has been developed. Though it allows a unified treatment of a large variety of switching power stages, the model it yields is always very nonlinear. So, it is required to linearize the averaged model. But it is well known that a controller for a nonlinear plant designed by the linearization frequently fails in showing satisfactory control performance. Hence it is very natural to try to design a nonlinear controller for a switching power stage. In design of a switching power system, nonlinear control approaches such as adaptive control and fuzzy control have been widely studied so far. In this research, a recently developed control method, time delay control is briefly studied and a design example for a ZVS PWM half bridge converter is given. The performance of the time delay controller is compared to its conventional counterpart, PI controller by computer simulations.

The parallel inverter is popularly used because of its faulttolerance capability, highcurrent outputs at constant voltages and system modularity. The conventional parallel inverter usually employes active and reactive power control or frequency and voltage droop control. However, these approaches have the disadvantages that the response time of parallel inverter control is slow against load and system parameter variation to calculate active, reactive power, frequency and voltage. This paper describes a novel control scheme for power equalization in parallel connected inverter. The proposed scheme has a fast power balance control response, a simplicity of implementation, and inherent peak current limiting capability since it employes a instantaneous current/voltage control with output voltage and current balance and output voltage regulation. A design procedure for the proposed parallel inverter controller is presented. Futhermore, the proposed control scheme is verified through the simulation in various cases such as the system parameter variation, the control parameter variation and the nonlinear load condition.

Applying the magnetically levitated transportation system, which is noncontact bearing system, to solve the problems such as transformation of original form or flaw of iron plate caused by transportation of thin iron plate which required high quality as body of motor vehicle, materials of electronic devices etc.. Magnetic saturation phenomena caused by thickness of iron plate and gap size between magnets. In case of iron plate, the vibration mode will be considered since vibration occurs during transportation. In order to solve the problems caused by vibration, choose the levitation system method using numbers of magnet, magnetic saturation for thickness and length of iron plate with parameters in location and gap of magnet. In this paper, we will suggest the whole design technique of magnetically levitated transportation system, namely method of magnetic attraction and transportation system

In recent years, for the viewpoint of environment and electric power demand for stable secure, new energy such as photovoltaic system (PV) become increasingly popular. In case of interconnecting PV to the commercial electric company, two problems will occur when operating in isclation with the other general consumers. One is doing harm to the power quality. And the other is the security problem caused by charching a part of commercial system line that has to be no voltage. In this paper, a simple modelling of distribution system and gridconnected PV system and simulation result were proposed.

This paper deals with standalone Photovoltaic system(SPVS) with charge and discharge controller. Main power source of SPVS are generally solar cell and battery. Therefore SPVS can be classified into variable types in accordance with connection type between battery and solar cell. Mainly used one of them is direct connection type which has advantages such as simple structure and simple controller. However most big drawback of this system is energy loss by voltage disharmony between solar cell and battery. Therefore SPVS with charge and discharge controller which can operate solar cell at maximum power point is designed and analyzed by simulation in this paper.

A step down chopper and PWM current source inverter is used for the connection between the PV array and the utility. This paper proposes chopper is controlled for the dc reactor decrease and PWM current source inverter is controlled to keep the output power at the maximum point for the PV. The PV current only is measured and employed for the power calculation combining the control parameter of the PWM current source inverter.

This paper present a buckboost PWM inverter and its application for residential system. The PWM power inverter is realized by driving a inverter constructed with a high frequency buckboost chopper in the discontinuous conduction mode (DCM)

This Paper presents some of challenges of creating feedback force, through manipulation of master manipulator, allowing the user to feel objects within a virtual environment. A sense of touch for the virtual environment. A sense of touch for the virtual environments was generated by a virtual compliance control method. In theis system data communication between the master and slave, we used TCP protocol. In the experiments. A position error between the master and slave arm was about
$13.56^{\circ}$ in case that the master and slave arm had not compliance properties of the virtual object, while they have the its properties the position error reduced by$2.43^{\circ}$ . 
This paper describes the evaluation of a forcereflecting interface with ultrasonic motors(USMs). The forcereflecting interface allows a human to feel object within virtual environment. To effectively display the mechanical impedance of the human hand we need a haptic device with specific characteristics, such as low inertia, almost zero friction and very high stiffness. USMs have attracted considerable attention as the actuator satisfied these conditions. USMs combine features such as high driving torque at low rotational speed, high holding torque and fast response therefore we studied two degree of freedom forcereflecting haptic system.

This paper deals with a characteristic of output for high frequency resonant inverter type xray generator in short exposure time. In the same tubevoltage, the waveform is stable in long exposure time (200msec) but more decreasing exposure time (50msec), the waveform is distorted. The ripple factor of tubevoltage waveform distorted more and more increase tubevoltage and in this case output is also unstable. Highfrequency resonant inverter type Xray generator using PSU source which introduced in resent is stable tubevoltage waveform and low ripple factor.

In this paper, a hybrid maximum power tracker for a photovoltaic/wind hybrid power system is proposed. In the hybrid system, a direct interfacing the wind power system to the photovoltaic system gives the problems of voltage fluctuations, poor maximum power tracking, and harmonics generation associated with the random wind speed, the random solar irradiation and the pulsating torque came from the wind turbine synchronous generator and photovoltaic. To overcome these problems, a wind side DC/DC converter are proposed employing a star/delta transformer interconnected between the wind turbine side and the photovoltaic side. The control objective for each dc/dc converter is to extract maximum power from each different photovoltaic system and wind system, and transfer two different powers to the inverter and load.

This paper has been analyzed, modeled, designed, fabricated, and tested for solar cell simulator which has solar array characteristics. The main purpose is the development of solar cell simulator to test electrical power subsystem for GEO Communication Spacecraft. The maximum power of the simulator is about 5 ㎾, which is consist of 12 independent simulator modules with 420 W power rating. The 12 simulator modules are independently controlled like as real solar array system.

A dynamic electrical parameter monitoring device was designed to simultaneously record the instantaneous value of voltage, current, power, and resistance during spot welding. The data obtained using this technique have been analyzed in term of the relationships of these parameters to the phenomena occuring during the formation(surface breakdown, nugget formation and mechanical collapse) of spot weld. Finally, a database implementation is undertaken to develop techniques for improving weld quality of the resistance spot welder.

In this paper A switched mode AC/DC three phase boost converter with high power factor and sinusoidal input current waveform is analyzed and simulated. The proposed converter retain high power factor and sinusoidal input current waveform even under electric arc welder load. It is shown that experimental result and simulation waveform yield a sinusoidal input current waveform at high power factor.

In this paper, the inverter TIG(Tungsten Inert Gas) welding system with high power efficiency by means of pulse current control of welding process is presented. In TIG welding, pulse current control is utilized in order to attain less apatter and high welding performance. The four factors which determine the welding performance of the pulse current are frequency, base current, peak current, and peak current duty current, and peak current duty ratio. In this paper, we analyze these factors should be controlled to achieve minimum power input. To demonstrate the practical significance of our results, we present some experimental results as well as simulation results.

A precision high voltage generator for ion injection is implemented on HFZVSPSCI (High Frequency ZeroVoltageSwitching PhaseShiftControlled Inverter). Some practical aspects of implementing precision high voltage generator with HFZVSPSCI, such as a HFHV transformer, multiflier, and precision CR divider are discussed. The results show that the generator under the PhaseShiftController has a fast dynamic response, low ripple voltage, and high accuracy.

The nonthermal pasteurization of foods using High Voltage High Current Pulsed Electric Fields (HVHCPEF) is a promising technology and a sound complement or replacement to traditional thermal pasteurization. The conventional thermal method also inactivates bacteria and other microorganisms harmful to humans, but degrades natural color, flavor, texture and nutrients. At this point, a nonthermal pasteurization technique, HVPEF is thought to be a new processing technique which is able to produce a good quality foods nutritional as well as sensuous. In this paper, the system for HVHCPEF pasteurization is presented. It use square wave pulse instead of exponential ones. So, power rating of system is reduced considerably. Design considerations for 20kV 500A class equipment are analyzed and experimental results are discussed.

The metal transfer of CO2 arc welding machine can be devided into shortcircuit(low current) metal transfer. Especially in large crrent region, the main problem of CO2 arc welding machine is much spatter generation which is caused by mainly instant shortcircuit matal transfer. So in this paper descrives new current control method in large current region, which can improve welding performance and lessen spatter generation. And as a result of experiment, the effect of proposed control method is demonstrated.

The development of the highfrequency inductionheating for 2700kW power range intend to make localization at forging and rolling mill part by technical innovation. And, the development makes to increase our's competitive power at technique, quality and cost. This paper describes the heart of highfrequency inductionheating technique, switching technique, a few problem in common using as an unsatisfied technique, load adjustment technique, system control, diagnostic system, and autointerface etc.

The insulation of cable which used for UltraHigh Voltage(UHV) underground power transmission requires excellent insulation capability for high voltage. The typical insulation materials are used XLPE, EPR, etc, but insulation efficiency of these is affected by void or alien substances, existed at the inside of insulators. In this paper, the partial discharge patterns of the defects within insulation cable are observed and analyzed. In this test, void, fiber and metal inclusions which possibly exist in cables, are simulated and investigated the patterns of partial discharges for each models Also the relations between calculated field strength and the insulation breakdown voltage. The experiment shows distinct partial discharge patterns in accordance with the kinds of defects within Insulation cable.

Recently the performance of CO2 arc welding machine has been advanced significantly through the adoption of inverter circuit topology which made it possible to control the waveform of welding current and thus to suppress the spatter generation. However, the optimum waveform is still uncertain. As a first step for figuring out the promising waveforms, this study was performed to setup the experimental system for studying the effect of waveform variables. The overal system is controlled digital controller using single chip microprocessor of 80C196KC. As a result of performance test of this system, it was demonstrated all of the waveform variables could be set individually and the generated spatter is reduced compare to conventional inverter arc welding machine.

The recent flurry of activities and interest in Switched Reluctance Motor(SRM) has focused attention on various issues associated with implementing the SRM in the mass commertial Market. One such issue is the noise generated by radial force. In this paper, we proposed the circuit to reduce the noise of SRM using LC Resonant characteristic. The usefulness of proposed circuit is verified by experimental result.

For the practical using the SRM by domestic application, we must of all have solution to the noise and the vibration. This paper presents the acoustic noise emitted from the SRM. The emitted noise it particularly strong when the frequency of deformation coincides with that of a natural mechanical resonance of the stator. To reduce the emit acoustical noise varying the switching frequency randomly. We will consist of SRM control system by using DSP, and confirm the effects of the noise reduction

A new excitation method of switched reluctance motor drive is described in this paper. This excitation method produces reluctance torque by mutual action between two phases as well as conventional self reluctance torque due to two phase excitation at a time. In other words, the change of self inductance and mutual inductance are used to produce torque. This paper suggests the operational principle, the mechanism of torque product of switched reluctance motor with two phase excitation. The acoustic noise characteristics of two phase excitation method are described against that of conventional excitation method.

A neurofuzzy based torque profile model of SRM with considerably improved accuracy is obtained using the measured data for training. The inferred torque profiles, which comprise magnetic nonlinearities, represent the dynamic model of SRM. Then the reference torque signal with optimized waveform and switching angle are decided to control the torque directly. Hence, the presented scheme controls the torque in an instantaneous basis, allowing powerful torque control with minimum torque ripple even during the transient operation of the motor. Simulation and experimental results demonstrating the effectiveness of the proposed torque control scheme are presented.

In this paper, it deals with Switched Reluctance Motor(SRM) which has fuzzy logic contoroller(FLC). The modeling and FLC of SRM are presented. The modeling and FLC of SRM are presented. The results of simulation show the speed responce characteristics of SRM with FLC. As a result, the SRM controller with FLC is verified by comparison between PI controller and fuzzy logic controller.

Many Harmonics components is contained within the stator currents of the Highspeed Reluctance Synchronous Motor with salient pole rotor. They cause the power factor of RSM to get worse. In this paper, the mathematical model of RSM is investigated. And SVPWM control method is applied to reduce Harmonics components in the stator currents. Simulation results shows the fast response of speed and the reduction of Harmonics components at steady state

A phase winding of RSM is excited and measured the excited winding inductance, mutual inductance. Ld and Lq is calculated from the measurement result. Two rotors are manufactured for this paper, measured their inductance and compared the calculated equation with the conventional equation. This paper confirmed the effectiveness of the proposed method.

For a Switched Reluctance Motor(SRM) drive, the important things are 1) reducing torque ripple, 2) improving efficiency, 3) sensorless speed control, 4) accurate position. The position information impotant for the efficiency and smoothness drives. Since SRMs characteristics are nonlinear. It is difficult to estimated phase current in saturation region. This paper describes a method for indirect sensing of the rotor position in SRM which use both voltage and current. The method obtains rotor position by using unconducting phase. The information about the rotor position is achieved by differentiating the unconducting phase current or the voltage gradient. And then, this paper presents a torque control with indirect rotor position detection methods. This torque control is achieved by developing a detailed nonlinear model of the motor.

In this paper, for high performance as drive, in the speed sensorless vector control of induction motor, introduced flux estimator of voltage model and error compensation algorithm using closed loop integration method, and then we proposed a improved flux estimation method of high accuracy. And the rotor speed is estimating using the stator current and the estimated flux, it is used speed information. The proposed scheme is verified through digital simulations and experiments for 3.7[kW] induction motor and shows good dynamic performance.

A PWM inverter with an induction motor often has a problem with a highfrequency leakage current that flows through the distributed electrostatic capacitance from the motor windings to ground. This paper presents an equivalent circuit for highfrequency leakage currents in PWM inverter feeding an induction motor, which forms an LCR series resonant circuit.

If there is a mismatch between the controller programmed rotor time constant and the actual time constant of motor, the decoupling between the flux and torque is lost in an indirect rotor field oriented control. This paper presents a new estimation scheme for rotor time constant using artificial neural networks. The parameters of induction motor model organize 2 layer neural to be weight between neuron, which is proposed new in this paper. This method makes networks simple, so its brings not only the improvement in speed but simplification in calculation. Furthermore, it is possible to estimated rotor time constant real time through online learning without using offline learning. The digital simulation and the experimental results to verify the effectiveness of the new method are described in this paper.

The conventional PI controller are fragile in parameter variation and loadvariation. Therefore, in this paper, a speed control algorithm based on the Fuzzy PI controller is proposed for the high performance speed control of a voltagesource inverter to drive 3phase induction motors. The computer simulation results show that the proposed controller are more excellent control characteristics than conventional PI controller in transientstate and steadystate response.

Parameter estimation of induction motor for vector control presented in this paper can be easily implemented and applied to inverters in the industrial field, because it needs no additional hardware such as voltage sensor and measuring equipment. At first, the stator resistance including switching loss of inverter is measured by simple voltagecurrent equation. Next, in premagnetization of machine by imposing the daxis constant fieldcurrent, qaxis torque current is forced to the machine until its speed feedback reachs to predefined level of speed limit. At this time, we can measure the rotor timeconstant by decreasing the distorted outputvoltage of inverter. At last, stator inductance, transient inductance, and moment of inertia can be measured by the relationship of output voltage, output torque and speed feedback. The validity and usufulness of this method is verified by experimental results.

We propose a nonlinear feedback controller that can control the induction motors with high dynamic performance by means of decoupling of motor speed and rotor flux. A new recursive adaptation algorithm for rotor resistance which can be applied to our nonlinear feedback controller is also presented in this paper. Some simulation results show that the adaptation algorithm for rotor resistance is robust against the variation of stator resistance and mutual inductance. In addition, it is computationally simple and has small estimation errors.

This paper proposes a sensorless velocity estimator using the reducedorder state equation of induction motor based on Kalman Filter. The electrical transients in the stator voltage equations of induction motor are neglected in the reducedorder model. The advantage of using the reducedorder model is to reduce the required number of numerical integrations for filtering the rotor speed. As changing the operating points and the parameters of the induction motor in simulation studies, the behavior of the sensorless velocity estimator as predicted by the reducedorder state equation of induction machine is compared with the behavior predicted by the complete state equation of induction machine.

A control approach for the robust position control of induction motors based on the improved binary disturbance observer is described. The conventional binary disturbance observer is used to remove the chattering problem of a sliding mode disturbance observer. However, the steady state error may be existed in the conventional binary disturbance observer because it estimates external disturbance with a constant boundary layer. In order to overcome this problem, a new binary disturbance observer with an integral augmented switching hyperplane is improved. The robustness is achieved, and the continuous control is realised by employing the improved observer without the chattering problem and the steady state error. The effectiveness of the improved observer is confirmed by the comparative experimental results.

This paper is proposed three phase GTO PWM Inverter with energy recovery snubber circuit. The proposed energy recovery snubber circuit effective in reduction of the power loss in the Inverter system than asymmetry GTO snubber circuit.

Three phase Boost/Buck converter which have economical merits and simple control scheme, are analyzed and evaluated through comparative methods and digital simulation for equivalent load. Those play a part of voltage boost/buck as well as power factor correction with single switch. Controller operating in constant and variable frequency is used for rapid output response and stable system condition respectively. Moreover low THD property of single switched converters is available for inverter arc welding machine known as high power and low power factor. So, in this paper a comparison of the characteristics in boost and buck converter is described and then simulation results conforms the merits from point of view of power factor and voltage regulator.

This paper presents a softswitching average current control PWM high power factor boost converter. Conventional boost ZVTPWM converter has a disadvantage of hardswitching for auxiliary switch at turnoff. A soft switched auxiliary switch is proposed to achieve a high performance ZVTPWM boost rectifier. The simulation and experimental results show that soft switching operation can be maintained for wide line and load range, which in turn improves the converter performance in terms of efficiency, switching noise and circuit reliability.

This paper describes a scaled model for PWM thyristor currentsource inverter with a commutation circuit. The system consists of a 6pulse thyristor bridge and an LC resonant circuit with thyristor switches, which offers thyristors to have turnoff capability for PWM operation with minimal switching losses. The proposed system can be used as a reactive power compensator with PWM operation for the utilitity application. There would be two advantages in the proposed system over the existing voltage source inverter. One is the low system cost due to using the conventional thyristors. Another is easy expansion of system operation voltage because th series operation of thyristor devices is already proven in HVDC system.

The mathematical interpretation of a practical sampler which is useful to obtain the small signal models for the peak and average current mode controls is proposed. Due to the difficulties in applying the Shannon's sampling theorem to the analysis of sampling effects embedded in the current mode control, several different approaches have been reported. However, these approaches require the information of the inductor current in a discrete expression, which restricts the application of the reported method only to the peak current mode control. In this paper, the mathematical expressions of sampling effects on a current loop which can directly apply the Shannon's sampling theorem are newly proposed, and applied to the modeling of the peak current mode control. By the newly derived models of a practical sampler, the models in a discrete time domain and a continuous time domain are obtained. It is expected that the derived models are useful for the control loop design of power supplies. The effectiveness of the derived models are verified through the simulation and experimental results.

In this paper, space voltage vector pulsewidth modulation for 2phase inverter is proposed. When this method is appled to 2phase induction motor, the phase difference of voltage between phase A and B is fixed at
$90^{\circ}$ and amplitude of voltage of phase Ais same with that of phase B. This method have advantages over lowpower servo system because this is simple method comparing to 3phase space vector method which requires dq transform. 
This paper presents PWM method which modulates two third period only during one cycle of power converter. This method is compared with the conventionl sinusoidal modulation method applying to the power converter with large capacity necessitating low switching frequency. The presented modulation method enables to reduce power semiconductor rating, minimize switching loss, and improve the current wave form.

This paper presents a new active power filter with low DC voltage for compensating reactive power and harmonics of threephase high power/voltage harmonic producing load. It has a structure of converter connected in series with power factor correction capacitor. Appropriate size and number of filter capacitor are determined by an equation and applied to simulation of 10kvar 6pulse SCR rectifier.

A Linear Stepping Motor(LSM) can operate in an open loop control mode similarly to a rotary stepping motor. However, the LSM has a large transient vibration, and it sometimes causes the missstep. In this paper, vibration suppression method using an energy stored in winding inductance and induced voltage of the LSM is proposed.

An improved nonlinear speed control of a permanent magnet synchronous motor(PMSM) is presented. A quasilinearized and decoupled model including the influence of parameter variations and speed measurement error on the nonlinear speed control of a PMSM is derived. Using this model, to overcome the drawbacks of conventional nonlinear control scheme, the improved nonlinear control scheme that employs time delay control(TDC) is proposed. To show the validity of the proposed control scheme, simulation studies are carried out and compared with the conventional control scheme.

This paper describes a development of interior permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM) and driver for electric vehicle (EV) which is driven by 2 motors without differential gear. A inverter is designed to drive 2 motors with 6 legs IGBT switches in a control board. Also vector control algorithm is implemented with maximum torque control method in the constant torque region and field weakening control method considering inverter capacity in the constant power region. Prototype IPMSM and inverter have been developed. To verify dynamic characteristics of the those about torque to speed and efficiency etc. We are making an experiment on that. Though that is not completed, we will show results to be acquired.

고성능 서보 전동기 시스템을 구축하기 위해서는 저속영역과 고속영역을 포함하는 넓은 속도영역에서의 정확한 속도검출을 통한 정밀한 속도제어기 필수적이며, 관성모멘트와 같은 전동기의 파라메터 변동에 대해 강인한 속도제어와 외란 억제능력도 중요한 요소로서 고려되어야 한다. 변동하는 부하의 관성모멘트을 식별하여 PI 속도제어기를 실시간으로 적응 동정하고, 플랜트 잡음과 측정잡음을 고려하는 상태 관측기인 칼만필터의 부하관성에 대한 민감성을 제거하기 위해 이를 적응 동정하여 적응 상태 추정기를 구현함으로써 우수한 속도 추정 성능을 얻었다. 또한 외란과 불확실한 모델링은 등가 외란으로 추정되어 전향적으로 보상된다. 본 논문에서는 이러한 특징을 이용하여 전동기의 고성능 속도제어를 구현하고 유도전동기를 이용한 실험을 통하여 연구결과의 유효성을 확인한다.

This paper discusses the development of electronic ballast for neon lamp as an application of a zero voltage switching high frequency inverter. Abnormal increase of secondary voltage due to grounded fault or partial damage of serial arranged loads is clarified and the protection circuit for this abnormal voltage increase is proposed. Also stable lighting condition for removing the unstable characteristics due to different load conditions is proposed.

In this paper we further propose to add a very simple regenerative clamping circuit to SSIPP to reduce the voltage stress and to recycle the energy trapped in the leakage inductance of the isolation transformer, thus eliminating the need for a lossy snubber circuit. In addition, this proposed clamping circuit also provides a mechanism to reset the magnetizing current of the output transformer of SSIPP employing a Forward converter as the output stage. Simulations and experimental results are reported to verify the operation and performance of the SSIPP with regenerative clamping.

Under high power IGBTs Switching, a large overvoltage is induced across the IGBT module due to the stray inductance in the circuit. This paper proposes a new gate drive circuit for high power IGBTs which can actively suppress the overvoltage across the driven IGBT at turnoff while preserving the most simple and reliable power circuit. The turnoff driving scheme has adaptive feature to the amplitude of collector current, so that the overvoltage can be limited much effectively at the fault collector current. Experimental results under various normal and fault conditions prove the effectiveness of the proposed.

Because of the powerful tolerance of overload, dynamic response and antierosion, Reluctive Pressure Transducer(RPT), as a measuring element of oil pressure equipment is applied to the measuring system of vessels, air craft. The Electrical reluctance appeared in the pressed diaphragm. To process the reluctance as a electric signal, bridge circuit is used. The design using the reluctance of pressure sensor is described in this paper. For the high efficiency of the sensitive RPT, pressure sensor structure is presented and electrical signal processing is simulated.

Recently, the BLDC(Brushless DC) motor has been increasingly applied to home appliance and the study of BLDC motor drive is extensively processing, so it is necessary to investigate the characteristic of the BLDC motor drive. In this paper, we proposed the modeling of interior permanent  magnet BLDC motor drive. The state model of motor and the model of inverter using pulse width modulation are included. The modeling is verified by the experimental results.

Brushless DC motors have trapezoidal back emf waveform. Generally, because it is drived by a voltage source inverter, the ideal rectangular phase current is not available and therefore produce torque ripple. In this paper, the torque ripple due to commutation is analysed and the practical method that can reduce the torque ripple is proposed. Simulation and experimental results show the effectiveness of the proposed method.

The brushless DC motor with trapezoidal back emfs has torque ripple due to phase commutation. The torque ripple generates noise and vibration and cause errors in position control so this makes the brushless DC motor less suitable for high performance servo applications. In this paper, we propose a new current control method to reduce the torque ripple due to commutation, when the unipolar PWM method is applied for the phase current control of brushless DC motor.

This paper describes the controller for the improving speed control the AC servo motor. The microprocessor provides an output to the difference in command. The servo system improves the characteristics of speed control. When the motor is running at the same speed as set by the reference signal, the speed encoder also provides a signal of the same frequency. Thus, the microprocessor controlled digital techniques enable to realize the flexible performance and control which was possible with time constant. We can know that optimal speed of machining center is 75msec in 30000mm/min and actually, 75msec is using on machining center. Finally experimental results prove excellent performance of this control system. This can be reduced error with more exact measure of actual speed. The system can be adaptable to CNC machine.

This paper is a study about Ac servo motor position and speed control characteristics which depend on feedforward control, the acceleration / deceleration time constant after the interpolation, and PI control, automatic deceleration at corner in order to shape cutting control of feed drive system of the machine tool. The shape error caused by delay of the servo system in the direction of radius at the time of circular cutting is reduced by feedforward control. The shape error generated by the position command delay is minimized by using the acceleration / deceleration time constant after the interpolation. The results were verified to optical machining center experimentation of the machine tool.

본 논문에서는 TI(Texas Instruments)사의 DSP칩 TMS320F240을 이용한 벡터드라이브 설계를 한다. TMS320F240은 서보모터드 라이브에 적합하게 상품화 된 칩으로 산업용 로봇제어에 필요한 대부분의 주변회로를 포함하고 있다. 이를 이용해서 제어기를 구성하면 적은 비용으로 신뢰성 높은 제어기를 구성할 수 있다. 드라이브는 크게 제어회로부와 파워회로부로 나누어서 설계했으며, AC서보모터에 벡터제어로 실제적용을 했다.

In this paper, the sliding mode variable structurefuzzy(SMVSF) control algorithm is applied to speed controller for field oriented induction motor drive system. According to the principle of sliding mode variable structurefuzzy adjustable speed control scheme, the proposed algorithm shows good performances which are reducing chattering, robustness against parameter variation in induction motor drive. The validity of the proposed control scheme is verified by computer simulation using SIMULINK.

Indirect vector control for induction motors requires the use of observers for estimation or observation of rotor flux magnitude and position. In this paper, authors discribe the induction motor vector control and introduce a nonlinear observer, named ELO(extended Luenberger Observer), without simulation results as a preliminary work for trial application. Normally, design of nonlinear observer need coordinate transfromation and linearization through solving the partial different equation. However, ELO requires minimal solution of nonlinear partial differential equation. Simulation was performed by under the enviroment of Matlab and Simulink without the proposed observer because we are still working. Simulation was performed with conventional flux observer, a dcac inverter by SVPWM technique, a vector controller armed with multiple PI controllers

This paper proposes a programmable low pass filter(LPF) to estimate stator flux for speed sensorless stator flux orientation control of induction motors. The programmable LPF is developed to solve the dc drift problem associated with a pure integrator and an analog LPF with fixed pole. of the programmable LPF is located far from the origin in order to decrease the time constant as speed increases. The programmable LPF has the phase and the magnitude compensator to exactly estimate stator flux in a wide speed range. So, the drift problem is much improved and the stator flux is exactly estimated in the wide speed range. The validity of the proposed programmable LPF is verified by speed sensorless vector control of a 2.2[kW] threephase induction motor.

This paper be described the constant speed control of induction motor for high performance. Vector control system which is used the stator current, voltage of IM is modeled without the speed, flux sensor. The proposed control system be simulated using Matlab with Simulink. Results include the fast response of the constant speed and torque in proposed system. For high performance, this paper presents the robust characteristics of field oriented control system for IM.

Amplitude Modulation PWM Technique which has characteristics such as the switching loss and Harmonic distortion reduction is compared in this paper. And also Harmonic components only carrier frequencies. And as it is showed Harmonic components only carrier frequencies via simulation results. Ampwm is applied to the inverter system of Highspeed induction motor.

This paper presents a newly developed speed sensorless drive using RLS(Recursive Least Squares) based on Neural Network Training Algorithm. The proposed algorithm based on the RLS has just the timevarying learning rate, while the wellknown backpropagation (or generalized delta rule) algorithm based on gradient descent has a constant learning rate. The number of iterations required by the new algorithm to converge is less than that of the backpropagation algorithm. The RLS based on NN is used to adjust the motor speed so that the neural model output follows the desired trajectory. This mechanism forces the estimated speed to follow precisely the actual motor speed. In this paper, a flux estimation strategy using filter concept is discussed. The theoretical analysis and experimental results to verify the effectiveness of the proposed analysis and the proposed control strategy are described.

In this paper, we propose a speed sensorless control of the saturated induction motor using the zero sequence third harmonic voltages and a compensation method of the stator resistance variations. The airgap flux of the saturated induction motor contains the space harmonic components rorating synchronous frequency. As a function of the airgap flux saturation, the dominant third harmonic voltage is used to compensate the nonlinear variations of the mutual inductance depending on the saturation level of the motor. and also the stator resistance variations can be measured with the phase angle between the voltage vector and the zero sequencial voltages. The validity of the proposed compensation scheme in the speed sensorless control using rotor flux observer is verified by simulations.

Instantaneous Voltage Compensator with a Fast finding Algorithm for the Phase Angle of the Unbalance3상 전원에서 1차측이 지락 되거나 단락이 되면 2차측 전압은 불평형이 된다. 본 논문에서는 직렬 보상형 순시 전압 보상기에서 불평형 전원의 정상성분에 대한 위상각을 검출하는 새로운 알고리듬을 제안한다. 그리고 왜란 관측자를 통해 부하전류를 추정하는 방법을 제안한다. 위상각의 순시 검출을 통해서 정상성분과 동일 위상의 기준 전압을 만듦으로써 순시 전압 보상기에서 출력해야 하는 전압의 크기를 최소화 하였다. 제안된 알고리즘의 성능을 시뮬레이션을 통해서 검등한다.

This paper proposes a new soft switching single stage AC/DC full bridge converter with unit power factor and isolated output. This circuit shows that it is possible to combine the boost converter which is for PFC(Power Factor Correction) and full bridge converter which is for DC/DC converter. A simple auxiliary circuit which includes neither lossy components nor active switches eliminates ringing of secondary side of the transformer. The characteristics of the proposed circuit are investigated and the validity is verified by the simulation results.

In this paper, a predictive current control of 12pulse parallel connected dual converter system with interphase transfromer(IPT) is presented. Firstly, 12pulse parallel connected dual converter system and the predictive current control of this system is discussed. And the validity of the presented system and the excellence of the predictive current control response is proved through the simyulation and experiment result.

In this paper, an improved soft switching forward dc/dc converter is proposed. The proposed converter is constructed by using nondissipate snubbers in parallel with the main switch and output diode of the conventional forward converter. Due to use of the nondissipative snubbers, the proposed converter achieves zerovoltage switching for all switching devices and output diodes without switching losses. The complete operating principles and experimental results will be presented.

In order to obtain better performance for a SRM(switched reluctance motor) drive, the commutation from one phase to another must be as fast as possible. In this paper a novel converter for SRM drive is proposed, which can accelerate the turnoff and turnon time by using two capacitors to form a resonant circuit with the motor inductance. Two capacitors recover rapidly stored energy in the off going phase and establish rapidly the current rising in the on going phase. As a result, the current tail can be shortened and the dwell angle in the positive torque region can be extended. And comparing with the asymmetric converter, this converter has higher energy availability in energy conversion process and less number of switches.

A new single stage AC/DC converter based on the forward converter is proposed. The proposed converter offers both the high power factor and the direct conversion from ac line to dc output voltage. Also, the proposed converter reduces the diode conduction loss, so improves the overall efficiency of the converter, compared with other alternatives. The principles of operation and the simulation results of the proposed converter are presented. A 100 W prototype was built and tested to show the potential of applications of the proposed converter.

Kim, YongDeok;Song, JoongHo;Choi, Ik;Cho, SungJoon;Choi, JuYeop;Lee, SeungChul;Yoo, JiYoon 423
A new singleswitch, threephase, high power factor, multiresonant, ZCS buck rectifier that operates in the continuous conduction mode has been reported. Basically, pulse frequency modulation method should be adopted to suitably control the system. This paper puts main focus on the methods how the pulse frequency modulation can be implemented and a comprehensive investigation on the corresponding control loops is coducted. 
A passive energy recovery snubber for highpowerfactor boost rectifier, in which the main switch is implemented with a MOSFET, is described in terms of the equivalent circuits that are operational during turnon and turnoff sequences. The main switch combined with proposed snubber can be turned on with zero current and turned off at limited voltage stress. The highpowerfactor boost rectifier with proposed snubber is implemented, and the experimental results are presented to confirm the validity of proposed snubber.

Equalize SOC of the cell which effect on the charge.discharge ability and the efficiency of the battery, through the charge.discharge characteristic test of the battery source, and develope the high efficiency charge.discharge system in the series HEV have a constant enginegenerator output. For this, in this paper, establish the electrical model and the condition of high efficiency charge.discharge, and proposed the improvement method of charge.discharge characteristic in the battery source that consist of twenty NiMH cells connected serial/parallel

A simple singlestage AC/DC forward converter with transformer magnetic energy feedback technique for power factor correction is proposed. The operational principle of the proposed converter is presented. The proposed converter gives the good power factor correction, low line current harmonic distortions, and tight output voltage regulation. The prototype shows high power factor with low line current harmonics.

Pspice을 사용하여 IGBT의 게이트 드라이브의 동작과 시스템의 단락에 의한 Fault 발생시 IGBT를 보호하기 위해서 밀러 효과에 의한 전류를 게이트 저항을 통하지 않고 이미터로 흐르게 하여 게이트 전압의 상승을 줄여주는 방법을 제안하고 게이트 전압을 낮게 클램핑하는 방법과 비교하였다.

This paper describes a modeling and current control techniques of Distribution static condenser (DSTATCON) for power factor compensation. The current control is based on the predictive and the space vector PWM scheme. The predictive current controlled PWM DSTATCON can maintain its performance with power factor compensation and fixed switching frequency. By using the space vector control low ripple and offset in the current and the voltage as well as fast dynamic responses are achieved with a small DC link capacitance employed.

In this paper input SeriesOutput Parallel connected converter configuration for high voltage power conversion applications is proposed and a control method to solve the problems of Input SeriesOutput Paralles connected converter configuration is introduced. In this configuration snubber circuit or voltage balancing controller that is necessary for the series connection of switching devices is not needed. The effectiveness of this proposed configuration is verified by simulation.

Due to high power ratings and low conduction loss, the IGBT has become more attractive in switching power supplies. However, its turnon and turnoff characteristics cause severe switching loss and switching frequency limitation. This paper proposes 2.4kW, 48V, high efficiency halfbridge DCDC converter using paralleled IGBTMOSFET switch concept, where each of IGBT and MOSFET plays its part during onperiods and switching instants. The switching loss is analyzed by using the linearized model and the opteration of the converter are investigated by simulation results.

The electronic fluorescent lamp ballast can promote the lighting efficiency up to 1020% by driving high frequency with frequency transformation technique, and can completely eliminate the flickering phenomenon occurring from 60Hz frequency. The electronic ballast provides very high energy saving effects for it has high power fact than traditional ballast, and it is convenient to use. can extend the life of fluorescent lamp for it starts at once by driving with high frequency. However electronic ballast needs high price, and it can reduce the stability and reliability. This paper provides illumination systems which drive dozens of fluorescent lamps at the same time, to overcome these shortcomings of electronic ballast and utilize the advantage of electronic ballast.