Selected Papers of The Society of Naval Architects of Korea
- Machinery ＞ Naval Architecture/Ocean Engineering
Volume 2 Issue 1
Suh, Jung-Chun 1
For a planar curve-sided panel with constant or linear density distributions of source or doublet in the singularity methods, Cantaloube and Rehbach show that the surface integral can be transformed into contour integral by using Stokes'formulas. As an extension of their formulations, this paper deals with a planar polygonal panel for which we derive the closed-forms of the potentials and the velocities induced by the singularity distributions. Test calculations show that the analytical evaluation of the closed-forms is superior to numerical integration (suggested by Cantaloube and Rehbach) of the contour integral. The compact and explicit expressions may produce accurate values of matrix elements of simultaneous linear equations in the singularity methods with much reduced computer time.
Chung, Kie-Tae;Kim, Young-Bok;Kang, Ho-Seung 18
In the vibration analysis of submerged or floating bodies such as ships and offshore structures, the coupled system between fluid and structure should be considered using the compatibility conditions on the wetted surface. It is well known that the hydroelastic vibration analysis of structures in contact with fluid can be done by applying the finite element method(FEM) to structures and the boundary element method(BEM) to the fluid domain. However, such an approach is impractical due to the characteristics of the fully coupled added mass matrix of fluid on the entire wetted surface. To overcome this difficulty, an efficient approach based on a reanalysis scheme is proposed in this paper. The proposed method can be applied for cases of higher local modes and beam-like modes for which three-dimensional reduction factors are not known. The three dimensional reduction factors are not needled and thus the restrictions can be removed in the analyses of non-beam like modes or local vibration modes by considering fluid-structure interaction. The validity and calculation efficiency of the proposed method are proved through numerical examples.
Lee, Gyeong-Joong;Rhee, Key-Pyo 29
In this paper, the effect of a skirt deformation on the responses of an Air Cushion Vehicle in waves is investigated. The air in the bag and plenum chamber is assumed to be compressible and to have a uniform pressure distribution in each volume. The free surface deformation is determined in the framework of a linear potential theory by replacing the cushion pressure with the pressure patch which is oscillating and translating uniformly. And the bag-finger skirt assumed to be deformed due to the pressure disturbance while its surface area remained constant. The restoring force and moment due to the deformation of bag-finger skirt from equilibrium shape is incorporated with the equations of heave and pitch motions. The numerical results of motion responses due to various ratios of the bag and cushion pressure or bag-to-finger depth ratios are shown.
Cho, Il-Hyoung;Choi, Hang-S. 47
Herein the surge-heave-pitch motion of a ship in harbor has been analyzed within the framework of linear potential theory. The ship is assumed to be slender and moored at an arbitrary position in a rectangular harbor with a constant depth. The coast line is assumed to be straight. The ship and harbor responses to incident long waves are represented in terms of Green's function, which is the solution of tole Helmholtz equation satisfying necessary boundary conditions. An integral equation is obtained from matching condition between harbor and ocean solutions, and it is replaced by an equivalent variational form. Numerical results sallow that the ship motion can be highly amplified at the frequencies, where the harbor is resonated by the incident wave. At the resonant frequencies, the added mass for vertical motions becomes negative and the damping forte changes abruptly.
Kim, Yong-Hwan 63
This paper deals with the treatment of the open boundary in two-dimensional free-surface wave problems. Two numerical schemes are investigated for the implementation of the open boundary condition. One is to add the artificial damping term to the dynamic free-surface boundary condition, in which the determination of suitable damping coefficient and the damping zone is the most important. The other is a modified Orlanski's method, which is known to be very useful for the uni-directional waves. Using these two schemes, numerical tests have been conducted for a few typical free-surface wave problems. To obtain the numerical solution of the free-surface boundary value problem, the fundamental source-distribution method is used and the fully nonlinear free-surface boundary conditions are applied. The computed results are presented in comparison with those of others for the proof of practicality of these two schemes.
Kim, Sa-Soo;Shin, Ku-Kyun;Son, Sung-Wan 79
A ship in waves is suffered from the various wave loads that comes from its motion throughout its life. Because these loads are dynamic, the analysis of a ship structure must be considered as the dynamic problem precisely. In the rationally-based design, the dynamic structural analysis is carried out using dynamic wave loads provided from the results of the ship motion calculation as a rigid body. This method is based on the linear theory assumed low wave height and small amplitude of motion. But at the rough sea condition, high wave height, compared with ship's depth, induce the large ship motion, so the ship section configuration under waterline is rapidly changed at each time. This results in a non-linear problem. Considering above situation in this paper, a strength analysis method is introduced for the hull girder among waves considering non-linear hydrodynamic forces. This paper evaluates the overall or primary level of the ship structural dynamic loading and dynamic response provided from the non-linear wave forces, and bottom flare impact forces by momentum slamming theory. For numerical calculation a ship is idealized as a hollow thin-walled box beam using thin walled beam theory and the finite element method is used. This method applied to a 40,000 ton double hull tanker and attention is paid to the influence of the response of the ship's speed, wave length and wave height compared with the linear strip theory.
Nho, In-Sik;Yim, Sahng-Jun;Shin, Jong-Gye 106
An elasto-plastic-damage constitutive model for ductile materials is proposed within the framework of a thermodynamic approach of continuum damage mechanics (CDM) in which internal irreversible thermodynamic changes of micro-structure of materials such as plastic deformation and damage evolution are considered as thermodynamic state variables. The new constitutive model can predict not only the elasto-plastic behaviors but also the sequential stiffness degradation process of ductile materials more rationally.
Lee, Dong-Kon;Lee, Kyung-Ho;Han, Soon-Hung;Lee, Soon-Sub;Lee, Kyu-Yeul;Shin, Soo-Chol;Shin, Dong-Won;Lee, Jong-Chol;Kwon, Sung-Chil 129
This paper describes a design model for the conceptual design of ships. Existing design models have problems such that their operating mode of batch versions cannot reflect the design procedures in reality. Reliability of the results is low because the performance estimations are based mainly on empirical formulas. To improve the problems of existing design models, a new design model has been developed. The new model consists of an interactive user interface, a database of main engines, a database of particulars of existing ships, and ten modules for performance estimations. To develop such a user-oriented system, the concept of graphical user interface (GUI) is adopted.
Lee, Gyeong-Joong 140
The hydrodynamic problem is treated here when a pressurized bag is submerged partially in the water and the end points of it oscillate. SES(Surface Effect Ship) has a bag filled with pressurized air at the stern in order to prevent the air leakage, and the pitch motion of SES is largely affected by the hydrodynamic force of the bag. The shape of a bag can be determined with the pressure difference between inside and outside. Once the hydrodynamic pressure is given, the shape of a bag can be obtained, however in order to calculate the hydrodynamic pressure we should know the shape change of the bag, and vice versa. Therefore the type of boundary condition on the surface of a bag is a moving boundary like a free surface boundary. The present paper describes the formulation of this problem and treats a linearized problem. The computations of the radiation problem for an oscillating bag are shown in comparison with the case that the bag is treated as a rigid body. The hydrodynamic forces are calculated for various values of the pressure inside the bag and the submerged depth.