DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

New Report of Scolelepis (Scolelepis) lingulata (Annelida: Spionidae), with Notes on the Genus Scolelepis in Korean Fauna

  • Lee, Geon Hyeok (Department of Biological Sciences, Inha University) ;
  • Choi, Hyun Ki (National Institute of Biological Resources) ;
  • Yoon, Seong Myeong (Department of Biology, College of Natural Sciences, Chosun University) ;
  • Min, Gi-Sik (Department of Biological Sciences, Inha University)
  • Received : 2022.03.15
  • Accepted : 2022.07.20
  • Published : 2022.07.31

Abstract

Scolelepis (Scolelepis) lingulata is newly reported in Korean waters. This species, collected from the intertidal zone of the Yellow Sea, is in good agreement with the original and subsequent descriptions in presence of occipital antenna, conspicuously large and lingulate interramal lobes in posterior chaetigers, absence of hooded hooks in notopodia, and unidentate hooded hooks present in neuropodia. Additionally, Korean specimens previously identified as Scolelepis(Scolelepis) kudenovi are reexamined based on the morphology. As a result, these specimens were identified as Scolelepis (Scolelepis) daphoinos in terms of the presence of reddish-brown pigmentation along the transverse ciliated bands on the dorsum. The identification key to Scolelepis species from Korean waters is provided.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

This study was supported by the research funds from Chosun University (2021) and the National Institute of Biological Resources (NIBR), funded by the Ministry of Environment (MOE) of the Republic of Korea (NIBR202203202). We would like to thank Associate Professor Dr. Victor Surugiu who provided valuable advice during this study.

References

  1. Blainville H de, 1828. Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles. F.G. Levrault, Strasbourg, 47:368-501.
  2. Blake JA, Maciolek NJ, Meissner K, 2019. Spionidae Grube, 1850. In: Handbook of zoology, Annelida. Vol. 2. Pleistoannelida, Sedentaria II (Eds., Purschke G, Boggemann M, Westheide W). De Gruyter, Berlin, pp. 1-102. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110291681
  3. Carr CM, Hardy SM, Brown TM, Macdonald TA, Hebert PDN, 2011. A tri-oceanic perspective: DNA barcoding reveals geographic structure and cryptic diversity in Canadian polychaetes. PLoS ONE, 6:e22232. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022232
  4. Choi HK, Yoon SM, 2016. Scolelepis(Scolelepis) kudenovi(Polychaeta: Spionidae) new to Korea. Journal of Species Research, 5:355-358. https://doi.org/10.12651/JSR.2016.5.3.355
  5. Delgado-Blas VH, 2006. Partial revision of Scolelepis (Polychaeta: Spionidae) from the Grand Caribbean Region, with the description of two new species and a key to species recorded in the area. Contributions to Zoology, 75:75-97. https://doi.org/0.1163/18759866-0750102003 https://doi.org/10.1163/18759866-0750102003
  6. Grube AE, 1850. Die Familien der Anneliden. Archiv for Naturgeschichte, Berlin, 16:249-364.
  7. Gallego R, Lavery S, Sewell MA, 2014. The meroplankton community of the oceanic Ross Sea during late summer. Antarctic Science, 26:345-360. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954102013000795
  8. Hartmann-Schroder G, 1981. Zur Kenntnis des Eulitorals der australischen Kusten unter besonderer Berucksichtigung der Polychaeten und Ostracoden. Teil 6: Die Polychaeten der tropisch-subtropischen Westkuste Australiens (zwischen Exmouth im Norden und Cervantes im Suden). Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburger Zoologischen Museum und Institut, 78:19-96.
  9. Imajima M, 1992. Spionidae (Annelida, Polychaeta) from Japan. VIII. The genus Scolelepis. Bulletin of the National Science Museum, Series A(Zoology), 18:1-34.
  10. Kessing B, Croom H, Martin A, McIntosh C, Owen McMillian W, Palumbi S, 1989. The simple fool's guide to PCR. Department of Zoology, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, pp. 1-47.
  11. Kumar S, Stecher G, Li M, Knyaz C, Tamura K, 2018. MEGA X: Molecular evolutionary genetics analysis across computing platforms. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 35:1547-1549. https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msy096
  12. Lee GH, Choi HK, Yoon SM, 2018. Two new records of spionid polychaetes(Polychaeta: Spionidae) in Korean fauna. Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, 34:152-158. https://doi.org/10.5635/ASED.2018.34.3.152
  13. Lee GH, Lee HE, Min GS, 2021. DNA barcoding of Scolelepis (Parascolelepis) papillosa (Annelida, Spionidae) in Korea, with additional taxonomic notes. Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, 37:349-353. https://doi.org/10.5635/ASED.2021.37.4.028
  14. Lee GH, Min GS, 2021. First record of Scolelepis (Scolelepis) daphoinos(Annelida: Polychaeta: Spionidae) in South Korea. Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, 37:229-234. https://doi.org/10.5635/ased.2021.37.3.007
  15. Lee GH, Min GS, 2022. Two new Scolelepis species (Annelida: Spionidae) from the Yellow Sea in Korea. Zootaxa, 5092: 221-237. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5092.2.5
  16. Maciolek NJ, 1987. New species and records of Scolelepis(Polychaeta: Spionidae) from the East coast of North America, with a review of the subgenera. Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington, 7:16-40.
  17. Meissner K, 2005. Revision of the genus Spiophanes(Polychaeta: Spionidae); with new synonymies, new records and descriptions of new species. Zoosystematics and Evolution, 81:3-65. https://doi.org/10.1002/mmnz.200310001
  18. Meissner K, Gotting M, 2015. Spionidae (Annelida: 'Polychaeta': Canalipalpata) from Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef, Australia: the genera Malacoceros, Scolelepis, Spio, Microspio and Spiophanes. Zootaxa, 4019:378-413. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4019.1.15
  19. Mincks SL, Dyal PL, Paterson GLJ, Smith CR, Glover AG, 2009. A new species of Aurospio (Polychaeta, Spionidae) from the Antarctic shelf, with analysis of its ecology, reproductive biology and evolutionary history. Marine Ecology, 30:181-197. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0485.2008.00265.x
  20. Okuda S, 1937. Spioniform polychaetes from Japan. Journal of the Faculty of Science Hokkaido Imperial University, Series 6, Zoology, 5:217-254.
  21. Yang DJ, Sun RP, 1988. Polychaetous annelids commonly seen from the Chinese waters. China Agriculture Press, Beijing. pp. 1-352.
  22. Zhou J, Ji W, Li X, 2009. A new species of Scolelepis(Polychaeta: Spionidae) from sandy beaches in China, with a review of Chinese Scolelepis species. Zootaxa, 2236:37-49. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.2236.1.3
  23. Zhou H, Zhang Z, Chen H, Sun R, Wang H, Guo L, Pan H, 2010. Integrating a DNA barcoding project with an ecological survey: a case study on temperate intertidal polychaete communities in Qingdao, China. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 28:899-910. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00343-010-9131-1