First Record of Eucephalobus iaculocaudatus(Nematoda, Rhabditida, Cephalobidae) from South Korea

  • Kim, Taeho (Animal Resources Division, National Institute of Biological Resources)
  • Received : 2021.08.02
  • Accepted : 2021.10.20
  • Published : 2021.10.31


The genus Eucephalobus Steiner, 1936, belonging to the family Cephalobidae Filipjev, 1934 (Cephalobomorpha), represents a group of bacterial feeding nematodes. Although this group is cosmopolitan and species-rich, only two species have been reported from South Korea. Eucephalobus iaculocaudatus Bostrom and Holovachov, 2011 was collected from natural forest in Chungcheongbuk-do, South Korea. This species shows typical morphological characters of the genus Eucephalobus, including a bicornuate labial probolae, cephalic probolae absent and three lateral incisures. However, E. iaculocaudatus is distinguished from other Eucephalobus species by conoid tail with a harpoon-shape mucro in female and ragged mucro in male. In this study, detailed morphological characters and morphometrics of E. iaculocaudatus are described and illustrated based on optical microscopy.