Comparing the Effects of Underwater and Ground-Based Diagonal Pattern Exercises on the Balance Confidence and Respiratory Functions of Chronic Stroke Patients

수중과 지상에서 대각선 패턴 운동이 만성 뇌졸중 환자의 균형 자신감과 호흡 기능에 미치는 효과 비교

  • Park, Jae-Cheol (Department of Physical Therapy, Chunnam Techno University) ;
  • Lee, Dong-Kyu (Department of Physical Therapy, Chunnam Techno University)
  • 박재철 (전남과학대학교 물리치료과) ;
  • 이동규 (전남과학대학교 물리치료과)
  • Received : 2021.05.13
  • Accepted : 2021.06.02
  • Published : 2021.08.31


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of underwater and ground-based diagonal pattern exercises on the balance confidence and respiratory functions of chronic stroke patients. Methods: Thirty chronic stroke patients were assigned randomly to an experimental (n = 15) or control (n = 15) group. The experimental group performed an underwater diagonal pattern exercise. The control group performed a ground-based diagonal pattern exercise. Training was conducted once a day for 30 minutes, five days per week for six weeks. Balance confidence was measured using the Activities-Specific Balance Confidence Scale-Korea version. Respiratory function was measured using a spirometer. Results: In a comparison within groups, the experimental and control groups showed significant differences in balance confidence after the experiment (p < 0.05). In a comparison between the two groups, the experimental group showed a more significant difference in balance confidence than the control group (p < 0.05). In a comparison within groups, the experimental group showed a significant difference in respiratory functions after the experiment (p < 0.05). In a comparison between the two groups, the experimental group showed a more significant difference in respiratory functions than the control group (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Based on these results, underwater diagonal pattern exercises effectively improved the balance confidence and respiratory functions of chronic stroke patients.



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