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Nutritional Components and Physiological Activity of 4 Wild Vegetables (Salvia plebeia R. Br, Angelica acutiloba, Gynura procumbens and Saururus chinensis Baill) Cultivated in Chungbuk Province

충북산 산채 4종(배암차즈기, 일당귀, 명월초 및 삼백초)의 영양성분 및 생리활성

  • Eom, Hyun-Ju (Chungcheongbukdo Agricultural Research and Extension Services) ;
  • Jeong, Yu Yeong (Chungcheongbukdo Agricultural Research and Extension Services) ;
  • Kwon, Nu Ri (Chungcheongbukdo Agricultural Research and Extension Services) ;
  • Kim, Ki Hyun (Chungcheongbukdo Agricultural Research and Extension Services) ;
  • Yeon, Eunsol (Chungcheongbukdo Agricultural Research and Extension Services) ;
  • Yoon, Hyang-Sik (Chungcheongbukdo Agricultural Research and Extension Services) ;
  • Ryu, Yong-jae (Chungcheongbukdo Research Institute of Health and Environment) ;
  • Kim, In Jae (Chungcheongbukdo Agricultural Research and Extension Services)
  • 엄현주 (충청북도농업기술원) ;
  • 정유영 (충청북도농업기술원) ;
  • 권누리 (충청북도농업기술원) ;
  • 김기현 (충청북도농업기술원) ;
  • 연은솔 (충청북도농업기술원) ;
  • 윤향식 (충청북도농업기술원) ;
  • 류용재 (충청북도보건환경연구원) ;
  • 김인재 (충청북도농업기술원)
  • Received : 2021.07.08
  • Accepted : 2021.08.05
  • Published : 2021.08.30

Abstract

This study investigated on the nutritional components and physiological activity of four wild vegetables namely Salvia plebeia R. Br., Angelica acutiloba, Gynura procumbens and Saururus chinensis Baill for the development of representative wild vegetables in Chungbuk. Salvia plebeia possessed the highest radical scavenging activity and beta-carotene, but exhibited the lowest α-glucosidase inhibitory activity compared to the other three vegetables. Angelica acutiloba showed high crude protein content and α-glucosidase inhibitory activity, but contained low total polyphenol content, radical scavenging ability and beta-carotene compared to the other three vegetables. Gynura procumbens showed high mineral content, beta-carotene, vitamin K1 content and α-glucosidase inhibitory activity, but showed the lowest total polyphenol content and radical scavenging ability compared to the other three vegetables. Saururus chinensis showed high crude fiber content and total polyphenol content, but contained the lowest mineral and vitamin K1 content. To conclude, it is suggested to use Salvia plebeia or Saururus chinensis as antioxidant food materials and Angelica acutiloba and Gynura procumbens as food materials and sources of α-glucosidase inhibitors. In particular, it is believed that Saururus chinensis, which possessed high content of crude fiber, is suitable for low-calorie food materials such as diet products.

Keywords

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