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Research Trends in Hybrid Cross-Laminated Timber (CLT) to Enhance the Rolling Shear Strength of CLT

CLT의 rolling shear 향상을 위한 hybrid cross laminated timber 연구 동향

  • YANG, Seung Min (Department of bio-based materials, College of Agriculture & Life Science, Chung nam national University) ;
  • LEE, Hwa Hyung (The korean woodism-city Project Research Council) ;
  • KANG, Seog Goo (Department of bio-based materials, College of Agriculture & Life Science, Chung nam national University)
  • Received : 2021.05.17
  • Accepted : 2021.06.22
  • Published : 2021.07.25

Abstract

In this study, hybrid CLT research and development trends were analyzed to improve the low rolling shear strength of CLT, a large wooden panel used in high-rise wooden buildings. Through this, basic data that can be used in research and development directions for localization of CLT were prepared. As a way to improve the low rolling shear strength, the use of hardwood lamina, the change of the lamina arrangement angle, and the use of structural composite materials are mainly used. Rolling shear strength and shear modulus of hardwood lamina are more than twice as high as softwood lamina. It confirmed that hardwoods can be used and unused species can be used. Rolling shear strength 1.5 times, shear modulus 8.3 times, bending stiffness 4.1 times improved according to the change of the layer arrangement angle, and the CLT strength was confirmed by reducing the layer arrangement angle. Structural wood-based materials have been improved by up to 1.35 times MOR, 1.5 times MOE, and 1.59 times rolling shear strength when used as laminas. Block shear strength between the layer materials was also secured by 7.0 N/mm2, which is the standard for block shear strength. Through the results of previous studies, it was confirmed that the strength performance was improved when a structural wood based materials having a flexural performance of MOE 7.0 GPa and MOR 40.0 MPa or more was used. This was determined based on the strength of layered materials in structural wood-based materials. The optimal method for improving rolling shear strength is judged to be the most advantageous application of structural wood based materials with strength values according to existing specifications. However, additional research is needed on the orientation of CLT lamina arrangement according to the fiber arrangement of structural wood-based materials, and the block shear strength between lamina materials.

본 연구는 고층 목조건축에 사용되는 대형 목재 패널인 CLT의 낮은 rolling shear strength를 개선하기 위해 hybrid CLT의 연구 개발 동향을 분석하였다. 이를 통해 CLT의 국산화를 위한 연구개발 방향에 활용 가능한 기초자료를 마련하고자 하였고, 낮은 rolling shear strength를 향상시키기 위한 방안으로 활엽수 층재 사용, 층재 배열 각도 변화, 구조용 목질복합체의 사용이 주를 이루고 있다. 활엽수 층재는 침엽수 보다 rolling shear strength와 shear modulus 모두 2배 이상의 높은 값을 나타내므로 활엽수 층재 사용 및 미이용 수종의 활용이 가능함을 확인하였다. 층재 배열 각도 변화에 따라 rolling shear stength 1.5배, shear modulus 8.3배, bending stiffness 4.1배 향상되어 층재 배열 각도를 감소시킴으로써 CLT 강도 향상을 확인하였다. 구조용 목질재료는 기존에 강도성능이 확보된 재료로 층재로 사용하였을 때 최대 MOR 1.35배, MOE 1.5배, rolling shear strength 2배 향상되었고, 층재 간의 접착강도 또한 집성재 블록전단강도 기준인 7.0 N/mm2을 확보할 수 있었다. 선행연구결과를 통해 MOE 7.0 GPa, MOR 40.0 MPa 이상의 휨 특성을 가진 구조용 목질재료를 사용하였을 때 강도성능이 향상됨을 확인하였다. 이를 통해 구조용 목질재료 층재 강도 기준으로 판단하였다. rolling shear strength 개선하기 위한 최적의 방법은 기존 규격에 의한 강도값을 가진 구조용 목질재료의 적용이 가장 유리할 것으로 판단하나, 구조용 목질재료의 섬유 배열에 따른 CLT 층재 배열 방향, 층재 간 접착 강도 등에 대한 추가적인 연구가 필요하다.

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