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Application of TBM for Mining and Energy Resources Development

광물과 에너지자원 개발을 위한 TBM 활용사례

  • Ko, Tae Young (Department of Energy and Resources Engineering, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Choi, Sung-Oong (Department of Energy and Resources Engineering, Kangwon National University)
  • 고태영 (강원대학교 에너지자원.산업공학부 에너지자원공학전공) ;
  • 최성웅 (강원대학교 에너지자원.산업공학부 에너지자원공학전공)
  • Received : 2021.12.14
  • Accepted : 2021.12.20
  • Published : 2021.12.31

Abstract

A TBM is an equipment that excavates a tunnel with a full face by rotating a circular cutter head and its advantages are fast excavation rate and safe construction. A TBM, which is primarily used for tunnel excavation on civil construction sites, is easily adaptable to information and communication technology. Research related to unmanned and automated technology is being actively pursued. TBM applications for mining and energy resource development in other countries were investigated in this study. The difference of TBM applications between the mining and energy resource development and civil construction sites was examined. Technical factors such as geological conditions, depth, site access, TBM launching, alignment and inclination, TBM size, and others that should be considered when choosing a TBM were investigated. Finally, the advantages and disadvantages of TBM application in mines and the technical requirements for TBM for successful mine application are summarized.

TBM은 원형의 커터헤드를 회전하여 전단면으로 터널을 굴착하는 장비로 빠른 굴진속도와 안전한 시공이 장점이다. 건설현장에서 터널 굴착에 주로 사용되는 TBM은 정보통신기술의 적용이 용이한 장비로서 현재 무인화 및 자동화에 관련한 연구가 활발히 진행 중이다. 본 연구에서는 국외에서의 광물 및 에너지 자원 개발을 위한 TBM의 적용 사례를 살펴보고, 광물 및 에너지 자원 개발과 토목 건설현장에서 TBM 적용에 대한 차이를 살펴보았다. 그리고, TBM 선정 시에 기술적으로 고려해야 하는 지질조건, 심도, 현장 접근, 발진, 선형과 경사, TBM 크기 등을 알아보았다. 마지막으로 광산에서 TBM 적용 시의 장점과 단점 및 성공적인 광산 적용을 위하여 TBM이 기술적으로 갖추어야 하는 사항을 정리하였다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

본 연구는 2021년도 정부(산업통상자원부)의 재원으로 해외자원개발협회의 지원(스마트 마이닝 전문 인력 양성)으로 수행되었습니다.

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