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Comparative Study of National Science and Technology R&D Performance by Gender: Focusing on NTIS and Web of Science Data

성별에 따른 과학기술분야 국가 R&D 연구성과 분석: NTIS와 Web of Science 데이터를 중심으로

  • 최현진 (과학기술연합대학원대학교 데이터 및 HPC 과학) ;
  • 윤빛나리 (한국과학기술정보연구원) ;
  • 박완 (한국과학기술정보연구원) ;
  • 권오진 (한국과학기술정보연구원)
  • Received : 2020.12.30
  • Accepted : 2021.02.17
  • Published : 2021.02.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to compare the differences in national R&D research outcomes in science and technology according to gender. For this purpose, the analysis was conducted by mapping WoS SCI(E) papers from 1990to 2018 and NTIS R&D papers from 2007 t0 2016. As a result of examining the differences in research achievements in science and technology according to gender based on three bibliometic indicators - average Times cited, Time-lag, and Impact factor - we found that the overall topography of research achievement was still male-centered, and the differences in the main research area between male and female were also very prominent. On the other hand, in top 10 research areas, it was confirmed that female researchers' outcomes were higher in the number of Times cited and Impact factor.

본 연구는 성별에 따른 과학기술분야 국가 R&D 연구성과에 어떠한 차이가 있는지 비교하는 것을 목적으로 한다. 이를 위하여 Web of Science에 수록된 1990년부터 2018년까지 과학기술분야 SCI 등재 논문과 국가과학기술지식정보서비스(NTIS)의 2007년~2016년까지 10년간의 국가R&D 성과 논문을 매핑하여 분석을 실시하였다. 구체적으로 평균 피인용 횟수, Time-lag, Impact factor의 세 가지 지표를 기반으로 성별에 따른 과학기술분야 연구성과 차이를 살펴본 결과, 연구성과의 전반적인 지형은 여전히 남성중심적으로 구성되어 있었으며, 남녀 간의 주요 연구성과를 구성하는 주제분야의 차이 역시 매우 두드러졌다. 한편, 10개 주제분야를 대상으로 한 피인용 횟수와 Impact factor에서는 여성 연구자의 연구성과 피인용 횟수 및 Impact factor가 더욱 높은 것으로 확인되었다.

Keywords

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