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Effects of Blooming in Ground Cover on the Pollinator Network and Fruit Production in Apple Orchards

사과원 피복 초생의 개화가 화분매개자 네트워크와 사과 생산에 미치는 영향

  • Son, Min Woong (Department of Plant Medicals, Andong National University) ;
  • Jung, Chuleui (Department of Plant Medicals, Andong National University)
  • 손민웅 (안동대학교 식물의학과) ;
  • 정철의 (안동대학교 식물의학과)
  • Received : 2021.01.29
  • Accepted : 2021.02.24
  • Published : 2021.03.01

Abstract

Pollinators are not only crucial for plant reproduction, but also important for crop production. These pollinators are affected by the diversity of plants within orchards. Thus, the study investigated the effect of blooming on the ground cover on pollinator diversity, network, fruiting rates and subsequent apple size during harvest season in apple blooming period. Total ten orchards were selected; Five with ground covered mostly by dandelion while the another five without ground cover. The orchards with dandelion bloom showed 16 pollinator groups and 801 pollination network interaction, while 14 pollinator groups and 589 interaction were found from orchards without ground cover blooms. es. Overall pollinators' abundances were not different. But bumble bees and caliphorid flies were more abundant in orchards with ground cover blooming. There was no significant in fruiting rates, but the apple size was significantly bigger in orchards with ground cover. These results may indicate that blooming on the ground cover during apple flowering season would increase pollinator diversity and influence fruit quality later on in apple orchards, and pose importance of floral diversity for sustainable apple production system.

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