DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Preference of Apple Leaves of Three Cultivars, Fuji, Tsugaru and Hongro by Tetranychus urticae Koch and Its Life Table Analysis

점박이응애의 사과 품종(후지, 쓰가루, 홍로)에 대한 선호성과 생명표 분석

  • Kim, Young-Il (Department of Plant Medicals, Andong National University) ;
  • Jung, Chuleui (Department of Plant Medicals, Andong National University)
  • 김영일 (안동대학교 식물의학과) ;
  • 정철의 (안동대학교 식물의학과)
  • Received : 2021.02.01
  • Accepted : 2021.02.22
  • Published : 2021.03.01

Abstract

Two-spotted spider mite (TSSM), Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae) is one of the major pests in apple orchards. TSSM was known to show different population dynamics depending on apple cultivars. We tested the host plant preference and fitness of TSSM on the leaves of 3 apple cultivars, Fuji, Tsugaru, and Hongro. TSSM showed higher behavioral preference to Fuji than Tsugaru and Hongro, and showed a higher fecundity in Fuji. The immature development of this mite was the shortest in Fuji and longest in Hongro. Total fecundities were not significantly different among cultivars, but daily fecundity was higher and longevity was lower in Fuji. Hongro was the less preferred cultivar for TSSM, and showed the lowest fitness by life table parameters. These results could explain the possible mechanisms of differential population dynamics among apple cultivars. Further study including diverse apple cultivars currently available in Korea could help to deploy time- and cultivar- specific IPM tactics.

References

  1. Ali, J.G., Agrawal, A.A., 2012. Specialist versus generalist insect herbivores and plant defense. Trends Plant Sci. 17, 293-302.
  2. Alizade, M., Hosseini, M., Awal, M.M., Goldani, M., Hosseini, A., 2016. Effects of nitrogen fertilization on population growth of two-spotted spider mite. Sys. Appl. Acarol. 21(7), 947-956.
  3. Bala, K., Sood, A.K., Pathania, V.S., Thakur, S., 2018. Effect of plant nutrition in insect pest management: a review. J. Pharmacogn. Phytochem. 7, 2737-2742.
  4. Birch, L., 1948. The intrinsic rate of natural increase of an insect population. J. Anim. Ecol. 17(1), 15-26.
  5. Croft, B.A., Hoyt, S.C., 1983. Integrated management of insect pests in pome and stone fruits. Wiley Intersci., New York, p. 454.
  6. Croft, B.A., Jung, C., 2001. Phytoseeiid mite dispersal at different spatial scales: A review with emphasis on Neoseiulus fallacies (Garman). Exp. Appl. Acarol. 25, 763-784.
  7. Dicke, M., 2000. Chemical ecology of host-plant selection by herbivorous arthropods: a multitrophic perspective. Biochem. System. Ecol. 28, 601-617.
  8. Dicke, M., Takabayashi, J., Posthumus, M.A., Schutte, C., Krips, O.E., 1998. Plant-phytoseiid interactions mediated by herbivoreinduced plant volatiles: variation in production of cues and in responses of predatory mites. Exp. Appl. Acarol. 22, 311-333.
  9. Fellous, S., Angot, G., Orsucci, M., Migeon, A., Auger, P., Olivieri, I., Navajas, M., 2014. Combining experimental evolution and field population assays to study the evolution of host range breadth. J. Evol. Biol. 27, 911-919.
  10. Grbic, M., Van Leeuwen, T., Clark, R.M., Rombauts, S., Rouze, P., Grbic, V., Osborne, E.J., Dermauw, W., Ngoc, P.C., Ortego, F., Hernandez-Crespo, P., Diaz, I., Martinez, M., Navajas, M., Sucena, E., Magalhaes, S., Nagy, L., Pace, R.M., Djuranovic, S., Smagghe, G., Iga, M., Christiaens, O., Veenstra, J.A., Ewer, J., Villalobos, R.M., Hutter, J.L., Hudson, S.D., Velez, M., Yi, S.V., Zeng, J., Pires-daSilva, A., Roch, F., Cazaux, M., Navarro, M., Zhurov, V., Acevedo, G., Bjelica, A., Fawcett, J.A., Bonnet, E., Martens, C., Baele, G., Wissler, L., Sanchez-Rodriguez, A., Tirry, L., Blais, C., Demeestere, K., Henz, S.R., Gregory, T.R., Mathieu, J., Verdon, L., Farinelli, L., Schmutz, J., Lindquist, E., Feyereisen, R., Van de Peer, Y., 2011. The genome of Tetranychus urticae reveals herbivorous pest adaptations. Nature 479, 487-92.
  11. Han, S.H., Jung, C., Lee, J.H., 2003. Release strategies of Amblyseius womersleyi and population dynamics of Amblyseius womersleyi and Tetranychus urticae : I. Release position on pear. J. Asia-Pacific Entomol. 6, 221-227.
  12. Hyun, J.S., 1994. An introduction agriculture and forestry entomology. Seoul National University Papers.
  13. Hyun, J.S., 2008. Introduction of integrated pest management. Word Science co., Seoul, Korea, p. 212.
  14. Jeon, H.Y., Kim, D.S., Cho, M.R., Yiem, M.S., Chang, Y.D., 2000. Recent status of major fruit tree pest occurrences in Korea. Kor. J. Hort. Sci. Tech. 41, 607-612.
  15. Jung, C., 2005. Some evidences of aerial dispersal of Twospotted spider mites from an apple orchard into a soybean field. J. Asia Pac. Entomol. 8, 279-284.
  16. Jung, C., Kim, D.S., Park, Y.S., Lee, J.H., 2005. Simulation modeling of twospotted spider mite population dynamics in apple and pear orchards in Korea. J. Asia Pac. Entomol. 8, 285-290.
  17. Jung, C., Kim, S.Y., Lee, S.W., Lee, J.H., 2003. Keys to the phytoseiid mites (Acari: Phytoseiidae) from Korean apple orchards, and their ecological notes. Kor. J. Appl. Entomol. 42, 185-195.
  18. Kim, D.S., Lee, J.H., 2005. Historical change of population abundances of Panonychus ulmi and Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae) in selected apple orchards in Suwon and its hypothetical explanation. Korean J. Appl. Entomol. 44, 115-123.
  19. Kim, J., Lee S.K., Kim, J.M., Kwon, Y.R., Kim, T.H., Kim, J.S., 2008. Effect of temperature on development and life table parameters of Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae) reared on eggplants. Korean J. Appl. Entomol. 47, 163-168.
  20. Kim, J.S., Lee, J.H., Jung, C., 2001. Parameter estimation for temperature-dependent development model of Tetranychus urticae Koch: Immature Development. J. Asia Pac. Entomol. 4(2), 123-129.
  21. Kogan, M., 1977. The role of chemical factors in insect/plant relationships. Proc. 15ht. Int. Congr. Ent., Washington D.C., pp. 211-227.
  22. Kwon, D.H., Park, J.H., Lee, S.H., 2013. Screening of lethal genes for feeding RNAi by leaf disc-mediated systematic delivery of dsRNA in Tetranychus urticae. Pestic. Biochem. Physiol. 105, 69-75.
  23. Lee, S.C., 1965. Survey on the kinds and distribution of mites in fruit and their natural enemies in Korea. Rept. ORD. 8(1), 267-276.
  24. Lee, S.W., 1990. Studies on the pest status and integrated mite management in apple orchards. Ph.D. Dissertation, Seoul National University, Suwon, p. 87.
  25. Lee, S.W., Lee, D.H., Choi, K.H., Kim, D.H., 2007. A report on current management of major apple pests based on census data from farmers. Kor. J. Hort. Scie. Technol. 25, 196-203.
  26. Lee, S.W., Lee, M.H., Choi, K.M., Hyun, J.S., 1994. Overwintering ecology of two-spotted spider mites, Tetranychus urticae Koch, in apple orchards. RDA. J. AGRI. Sci. 36(1), 341-345.
  27. Lee, S.W., Shin, K.C., Lee, M.H., Hyun, J.S., 1988. The effects of infection on level of the twospotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch, on injury and contents of chlorophyll and inorganic substances in apple leaves. Res. Rept. RDA(C). 30(1), 58-64.
  28. Lee, Y.S., M.H. Song, K.S. Ahn, K.Y. Lee, J.W. Kim, Kim, G.H., 2003. Monitoring of acaricide resistance in two-spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae) populations from rose greenhouses in Korea. J. Asia Pac. Entomol. 6, 91-96.
  29. McGroarty, D.L., Croft, B.A., 1978. Sampling the density and distribution of Amblyseius fallacies (Acarina: Phytoseiidae) in the ground cover of Michigan apple orchards. Can. Ent. 110, 785-794.
  30. Migeon, A., Nouguier, E., Dorkeld, F., 2010. Spider mites web: a comprehensive database for the Tetranychidae. in: Sabelis, M., Bruin, J. (Eds.) Trends in Acarology. pp. 557-560.
  31. Park, C.G., Kim, S.H., Kim, J.H., 1991. Distribution of twospotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae) within and between-trees in apple orchard. Res. Rept. RDA (C.P). 33(2), 34-40.
  32. Razmjou, J., Tavakkoli, H., Fallahi, A., 2009. Effect of soybean cultivar on life history parameters of Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae). J. Pest Sci. 82(1), 89-94.
  33. Ryu, C.B., Oh, S.M., Kwon, S.T., Chun, I.J., 2006. Seasonal changes of foliear nutrient of 'Hongro' and 'Fuji' apple trees grafted on M.9 rootstock. Hort. Environ. Biotechnol. 47, 271-275.
  34. Saito, Y., 1985. Life types of spider mites. in: Helle, W., Sabelis, M.W. (Eds.) 1985. Spider mites. Their Biology, natural enemies and control. Vol. IA. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 253-264.
  35. Sances, F.V., Wyman, A., Ting, I.P., 1979. Morphological responses of strawberry leaves to infestations of the twospotted spider mite. J. Econ. Entomol. 8, 711-714.
  36. Sharma, H.C., Ortiz, R., 2002. Host plant resistance to insects: an eco-friendly approach for pest management and environmental conservation. J. Environ. Biol. 23, 111-135.
  37. van den Boom, C.E.M., van Beek, T.A., Dicke, M., 2003. Differences among plant species in acceptance by the spidermite Tetranychus urticae Koch. J. Appl. Entomol. 127, 177-183
  38. Yiem, M.S., 1993. Relationships between chemical of apple leaf and resistance to two-spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae Koch). RDA. J. Agri. Sci. 35(1), 560-564.
  39. Yiem, M.S., An, J.H., Lee, Y.I., 1993. Relationships between Morphological Characteristics of Apple Leaf and Resistance to Two-spotted Mite (Tetranychus uricae Koch). RDA. J. Agri. Sci. 35(2), 464-470.
  40. Zwick, R.W., 1972. Studies on the integrated control of spider mites on apple in Oregon's Hood River Valley. Environ. Ent. 1(2), 169-176.