Preference of Apple Leaves of Three Cultivars, Fuji, Tsugaru and Hongro by Tetranychus urticae Koch and Its Life Table Analysis

점박이응애의 사과 품종(후지, 쓰가루, 홍로)에 대한 선호성과 생명표 분석

  • Kim, Young-Il (Department of Plant Medicals, Andong National University) ;
  • Jung, Chuleui (Department of Plant Medicals, Andong National University)
  • 김영일 (안동대학교 식물의학과) ;
  • 정철의 (안동대학교 식물의학과)
  • Received : 2021.02.01
  • Accepted : 2021.02.22
  • Published : 2021.03.01


Two-spotted spider mite (TSSM), Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae) is one of the major pests in apple orchards. TSSM was known to show different population dynamics depending on apple cultivars. We tested the host plant preference and fitness of TSSM on the leaves of 3 apple cultivars, Fuji, Tsugaru, and Hongro. TSSM showed higher behavioral preference to Fuji than Tsugaru and Hongro, and showed a higher fecundity in Fuji. The immature development of this mite was the shortest in Fuji and longest in Hongro. Total fecundities were not significantly different among cultivars, but daily fecundity was higher and longevity was lower in Fuji. Hongro was the less preferred cultivar for TSSM, and showed the lowest fitness by life table parameters. These results could explain the possible mechanisms of differential population dynamics among apple cultivars. Further study including diverse apple cultivars currently available in Korea could help to deploy time- and cultivar- specific IPM tactics.


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