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Agro-ecosystem Diversity and Integrated Mite Pest Management in Fruit Orchards: A Review and Future Prospect

농업생태계 다양성과 과수원 응애류 해충 종합관리: 이론적 고찰과 미래 전망

  • Kim, Dong-soon (Majors in Plant Resource Sciences & Environment, College of Applied Life Science, SARI, Jeju National University)
  • 김동순 (제주대학교 생명자원과학대학 식물자원환경전공, SARI)
  • Received : 2021.01.19
  • Accepted : 2021.02.10
  • Published : 2021.03.01

Abstract

Integrated mite management provided a basic direction to early the fruit tree IPM. The early IPM concept was based on incorporation of the biological control for mite pests with the existing chemical control compatibly. Since then, the hypotheses and mechanisms of the interaction between species diversity and pest population dynamics have provided a broader understanding of mite-centered pest management in fruit tree ecosystems. Based on the principle of the ecosystem, biological control and pest management through habitat modification or manipulation are developing to the concept of agro-ecological engineering. In particular, the natural enemy diversity is dynamically changed according to the different cultivation environment in the management of mite pests, and the species composition of phytophagous mites is also changed by the environment for orchard management. This paper reviews the biological control of mites, which was the basis of apple IPM, and also re-examines the topics of species diversity and pest management, predacious mite diversity in relation to mite control and the change of species composition of mite pests in the sight of ecological engineering. Finally, we suggest a strategy for biological control of spider mites in apple orchards in Korea.

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