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Development and Evaluation of the Korean Army's Ergonomic Flight Jacket

인간공학적 육군 비행재킷의 개발 및 평가

  • Choi, Hee Eun (Dong-seoul University Industry-Academic Cooperation Foundation) ;
  • Choi, Kueng-mi (Dept. of Fashion Design, Dong-seoul University)
  • 최희은 (동서울대학교 산학협력단) ;
  • 최경미 (동서울대학교 패션디자인과)
  • Received : 2020.12.02
  • Accepted : 2020.12.31
  • Published : 2021.02.28

Abstract

This study used a preliminary survey to help develop an ergonomic flight jacket that is suitable for the working environment and mission performance. The results are as follows. The ergonomic sleeve pattern was designed with a forward 165° incline that considers a shoulder joint direction suitable for the motion; in addition, a closely design opening provided warmth and safety from fire. As a result of the dimensional suitability, pilots evaluated that sleeve length and total length of the developed flight jacket were a little long (p<.01), while flight engineers and crew evaluated that those of the developed flight jacket were appropriate (p<.01). Pilots evaluated that chest circumference and waist circumference were large (p<.05), while flight engineers and crews evaluated that those of the developed flight jacket were appropriate. The evaluation of the motion suitability indicated that pilots, flight engineers and crew found the developed flight jacket more comfortable than the current flight jacket (p<.05, p<.01, p<.001). The evaluation of the usability of pockets and penholders indicated that pilots, flight engineers and crew found the developed jacket easier to use (p<.01). The flight engineers and crew evaluated that the appearance of the developed flight jacket was better than the current flight jacket (p<.05). The results of this study show that the difference of environment and mission performance has a significant influence on evaluation; therefore, it is necessary to develop separate military uniforms that included a winter flight jacket to reflect the needs of each group.

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