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Novel Sources of Resistance to Phytophthora capsici on Pepper (Capsicum sp.) Landraces from Mexico

  • Retes-Manjarrez, Jesus Enrique (Facultad de Agronomia, Universidad Autonoma de Sinaloa) ;
  • Rubio-Aragon, Walter Arturo (Facultad de Agronomia, Universidad Autonoma de Sinaloa) ;
  • Marques-Zequera, Isidro (Centro de Investigacion en Alimentacion y Desarrollo) ;
  • Cruz-Lachica, Isabel (Centro de Investigacion en Alimentacion y Desarrollo) ;
  • Garcia-Estrada, Raymundo Saul (Centro de Investigacion en Alimentacion y Desarrollo) ;
  • Sy, Ousmane (Independent Researcher)
  • Received : 2020.07.16
  • Accepted : 2020.11.02
  • Published : 2020.12.01

Abstract

Phytophthora capsici Leonian is a major pathogen of pepper worldwide and few resistance sources to this pathogen have been identified so far. The goals of this study were to identify new sources of resistance against P. capsici in Capsicum landraces and analyze the relationship between the resistance indicator of plant symptoms and some plant phenotype parameters of plant height, stem width, leaf length and leaf width. Thirty-two landraces of pepper were collected from fourteen states in Mexico. From each population, 36 plants were inoculated with 10,000 zoospores of P. capsici under controlled conditions. This experiment was repeated twice. Out of the 32 landraces, six showed high level of resistance, four showed intermediate resistance and five showed low level of resistance when compared with the susceptible control 'Bravo' and the resistant control 'CM334', indicating that these landraces are promising novel sources of resistance to P. capsici. There was no correlation between the symptoms and plant phenotype parameters. However, these parameters were not affected in the group classified as highly resistant, indicating that P. capsici does not affect the growing of these resistant pepper landraces. The other resistant groups were significantly affected in a differently manner regarding their phenotype, indicating that this pathogen reduce their growth in different ways. This study reports novel resistance sources with great potential that could be used in breeding programs to develop new pepper cultivars with durable resistance to P. capsici.