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Effects of Satisfaction with Green Space on Life Satisfaction and Mediating Effect of Subjective Health Status of the Urban Elderly

도시노인의 녹지환경 만족도가 삶의 만족도에 미치는 영향과 주관적 건강상태의 매개효과

  • Lee, Sungeun (Dept. of Social Welfare, Pusan National Univ)
  • 이성은 (부산대학교 사회복지학과)
  • Received : 2020.09.29
  • Accepted : 2020.10.20
  • Published : 2020.11.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of satisfaction with green space on life satisfaction and to examine mediating effect of subjective health status in the relationship between satisfaction with green space and life satisfaction of older adults living in cities. For the purpose of the study, older adults aged over 65 years old who participated in 2018 Social Survey conducted by Statistics Korea were analyzed. A total of 4,567 older adults were analyzed using multiple regression analyses and significance of mediating effect was examined using bootstrapping method. Results of the analyses showed that satisfaction with green space had a significant effect on life satisfaction. Since a higher level of satisfaction with green space increased the level of life satisfaction, a direct effect of satisfaction with green space on life satisfaction was revealed. Also satisfaction with green space had a significant effect on subjective health status, so persons with a higher level of satisfaction with green space perceive their subjective health more positively. In regard to mediating effect, subjective health status partially mediated the relationship between satisfaction with green space and life satisfaction of the urban elderly. Results of this study show that green space can be used as an intervention method to improve health and life satisfaction of the urban elderly.