Comparative Analysis of the Spatial Characteristics of Nursing Homes in Korea and China - Focused on Gyeonggi Province in Korea and Anyang City in China -

한·중 대규모 양로시설의 공간 특성 비교 분석 - 한국 경기도와 중국 안양시를 중심으로 -

  • Yang, Yong-ming ;
  • Whang, Hee-joon (Hanyang University School of Architecture)
  • 양영명 (한양대학교 대학원 건축학과) ;
  • 황희준 (한양대학교 건축학부)
  • Received : 2020.05.20
  • Accepted : 2020.10.21
  • Published : 2020.11.30


As Korea and China rapidly enter the super-aged societies, their demand for nursing homes will also increase sharply. The residential cultures of the two countries have distinctive characteristics, which will certainly affect the planning and use of nursing homes. Accordingly, through the comparison of the characteristics of residential spaces in Korea and China, this paper aims to obtain differences in spatial planning for nursing homes. In the residential space in Korea, public spaces such as living rooms and dining rooms are placed at the center, while private spaces are decentralized. These characteristics illustrate differences from China in the layout of the residential spaces. As a result of comparing the characteristics of private spaces and public spaces in nursing homes in both countries using the space syntax, it is analyzed that nursing homes in Korea place more importance on privacy than those in China. When compared to private spaces in Chinese nursing homes, it is determined that private spaces in Korean nursing homes display relatively more independence. Also, in Korean nursing homes, public spaces are more accessible than private spaces, and it is easier to secure privacy in private spaces than in Chinese nursing homes. However, in China, private spaces have higher accessibility than that of public spaces, with more difficulty in securing privacy.