전이금속 이온에 대한 주석 인산염의 선택적 흡착에 관한 물리화학적 특성

Physicochemical Characteristics of Selective Adsorption of Tin Phosphate on the Transition metal ions

  • 안범수 (대진대학교 과학기술대학 생명화학부)
  • Ahn, Beom-Shu (Division of Life Science & Chemistry, Daejin University)
  • 투고 : 2020.10.06
  • 심사 : 2020.10.27
  • 발행 : 2020.10.31


Tin bis(monohydrogen orthophosphate) monohydrate 물질의 흡착 성질에 관하여 KCl 수용액을 통하여 조사하였다. 금속이온 농도와 pH를 변화시키면서 어떻게 달라지는지 화학평형에 바탕을 두고 data를 분석하였다. 금속이온들의 흡착 data는 Langmuir 흡착식에 넣어 Langmuir 수치들을 얻는 데 사용되었다. Tin phosphate는 산성에서 이온교환 화합물로 작용하였으며, 2가의 전이금속이온에 대해 Cu+2 > Co+2 > Ni+2의 순서로 선택적 흡착성질을 나타내었다. 약한 산성 이온 교환체에서와 같이 금속이온의 교환은 tin phosphate의 선택성을 결정하는데 결정적 역할을 하였다. 모든 경우에서 흡착의 정도는 온도와 농도의 증가와 함께 증가하였다. Lnngmuir 수치들은 흡착과정 동안의 엔트로피, 엔탈피, 자유에너지 변화량같은 열역학적 함수들을 계산하는데 이용되었다.

The adsorption and ion exchange properties of tin phosphate were studied in an aqueous solution of KCl, varing the pH and metal ion concentration in the solution. The data were explained on the basis of chemical equilibrium. Tin phosphate behaved as an acidic ion exchanger and had an adsorption selectivity toward the bivalent transition metal ions in the following order : Cu+2 > Co+2 > Ni+2. As in the case of a weekly acidic exchanger, the change in hydration of metal ions played the dominant role in determining the selectivity of tin phosphate. In all cases the extent of adsorption increased with an increase in temperature and concentration. The apperance of irregular kinks in the titration curves justified the presence of several exchangeable adsorption sites with different pKa values.



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