Development of Qipao design applied with surrealistic expression techniques

초현실주의 표현 기법을 활용한 현대적 치파오 디자인 개발

  • Lin, Yanfang (Dept. of Clothing & Textiles, Hanyang University) ;
  • Zhang, Hao (Dept. of Clothing & Textiles, Hanyang University) ;
  • Lee, Younhee (Dept. of Clothing & Textiles, Hanyang University)
  • 임염방 (한양대학교 의류학과) ;
  • 장호 (한양대학교 의류학과) ;
  • 이연희 (한양대학교 의류학과)
  • Received : 2020.08.02
  • Accepted : 2020.10.23
  • Published : 2020.10.31


The purpose of this study was to develop contemporary Qipao design that emphasized creative feminine beauty with a unique sense beyond the concept of traditional Qipao design. This would be achieved using the expressive technique of human liberation from the oppression of the unconscious world a supported by surrealism. Using existing literature and previous research, surrealist expression technique used in fashion were investigated and analyzed. The results are as follows. First, the possibility of new and original design beyond existing surrealistic Qipao design was demonstrated through various realistic surrealism expression techniques, such as dépaysement, objet, and trompe-l'œil techniques. This occurred by exploring various unconscious world out of fixed ideas and through expression techniques of surrealistic fashion such as imagery of body parts, metaphorical expression of objects, and position deformation and illusion. Second, Qipao design that combined objet and attempted ordinary escape by combining isolated body parts (such as hands, eyes, and lips) within the composition combine with surrealistic expression enabled various and fun surrealistic fashion designs to emerge. Third, the metaphor of surreal lips and eyes (mainly used in works of this study) presented a unique and extraordinary combination of images in accessories and partial design that used the dépaysement technique. Thus, it was possible to expand surrealistic expression by including LED wire.


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