Scaled model tests for improvement and applicability of the transverse smoke control system on tunnels

횡류식 제·배연 시스템의 개선 및 적용성 분석을 위한 모형실험 연구

  • Kim, Hyo-Gyu (JuSung G&B INC.) ;
  • Baek, Doo-San (JuSung G&B INC.) ;
  • Kim, Jae-Hyun (Korea Institute of Construction Technology) ;
  • Lee, Seong-Won (Korea Institute of Construction Technology) ;
  • Yoo, Ji-Oh (Dept. of Automotive Engineering, Shin-Han University)
  • 김효규 ((주)주성지앤비) ;
  • 백두산 ((주)주성지앤비) ;
  • 김재현 (한국건설기술연구원) ;
  • 이성원 (한국건설기술연구원) ;
  • 유지오 (신한대학교 자동차공학과)
  • Received : 2020.07.29
  • Accepted : 2020.09.06
  • Published : 2020.09.30


Currently, road tunnels and railroad tunnels are building smoke control systems to emit toxic gases and smoke from fires. Among the various smoke control systems, the transverse smoke control system has the disadvantage that air supply or exhaust is performed on only half of the cross-section, rather than air supply or exhaust on the entire cross-section of the tunnel as air is supplied or exhausted by partitioning the wind path. Therefore, this study analyzed the effect of exhaustion through numerical analysis and scaled model tests on the zoning smoke control system, which improved the limitations of the transverse smoke control system. As a result of the scaled model test, the transverse ventilation system exhibited a 25.6% smoke control rate based on the state where no smoke was controled, and zoning smoke control system showed a smoke control rate of 40.8%. In addition, as a result of numerical analysis, it was found that transverse ventilation system did not control fire smoke spreading from the tunnel and continued to spread. On the other hand, zoning smoke control system was found to be smoke controled within a certain section due to the air curtain effect and the flue gas effect.


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