Characteristics of Korean Employees' Meal Structure on Working and Non-working Days: Analysis of the 2014 Korean Time Use Survey

한국 근로자의 근무일과 휴일의 식사구조 특성: 2014년 생활시간조사 자료 분석

  • Jin, Suhua (Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul National University) ;
  • Yoon, Jihyun (Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul National University) ;
  • Asano, Kana (Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul National University) ;
  • Choi, Injoo (Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul National University)
  • Received : 2020.08.05
  • Accepted : 2020.08.14
  • Published : 2020.08.31


This study examined Korean employees' meal structure characterized by mealtime, meal places, and companions. The data from 19,692 time diaries, recorded by 9,846 employees aged 19-64 years for two days in the 2014 Korean Time Use Survey, were analyzed for working days and non-working days. Approximately two-thirds of Korean employees ate meals three times a day on both working and non-working days. The breakfast and lunch-times on working days were distributed within two hours, but the dinner time on working days and all three meals on non-working days were dispersed across a three-hour range. Male employees spent three minutes on meal preparation on working days, whereas females spent 30 minutes. On working days, 88% of breakfasts and 67% of dinners were eaten at home. For lunches, 46% were eaten at restaurants, and 42% were at workplaces. The breakfast on working days showed the highest percentage of eating alone (40%) and the dinner on non-working days appeared highest in the percentage of eating with families (69%). The characteristics of Korean employees' meal structure appeared different on working days and non-working days. Such characteristics should be considered in the process of planning nutrition policies and programs for employees.


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