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Measures to improve the North Korean Refugees Protection and Settlement Support Act for the Social Integration of South and North Korea in the Era of Convergence (in the era of Internet of Things) -Focusing on the Economic Adaptation and Psychological and Social Adaptation of North Korean Refugees-

융합의 시대에(사물인터넷시대에) 남북한 사회통합을 위한 북한이탈주민 보호 및 정착지원법 개선방안 -북한이탈주민의 경제적 적응 및 심리·사회적 적응을 중심으로-

  • Choi, Jang-Won (Department of Welfare Management at Tongmyong University)
  • 최장원 (동명대학교 복지경영학과)
  • Received : 2020.04.02
  • Accepted : 2020.06.01
  • Published : 2020.06.30

Abstract

This study examines the North Korean defectors' economic and psychological adjustment status in South Korean society focusing on the specificity of North Korean defectors with the social integration perspective. We conducted a questionnaire survey of 225 North Korean defectors in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do and conducted analysis using the SPSS 22.0 program. The results of the study are as follows. First, the economic adaptation of North Korean defectors was evaluated to be generally low. Second, North Korean refugees' psychological and social adjustment status is generally lower than average, especially cultural adaptation stress, friendship, and satisfaction with physical and mental health. Third, the psychological and cultural adaptation strategy and social support of defectors affected the life satisfaction positively and the adaptation stress had significant negative impact on life satisfaction. Therefore, strategies which reducing adaptive stress and enhancing psychological and cultural adaptation strategies are needed to be implemented in South Korean society. Based on results, policy alternatives were discussed.

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