DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Application of Environmental Planning Considering the Trend of PM10 in Ambient Air

미세먼지(PM10) 추세를 고려한 환경계획 적용 방향 제안

  • Received : 2020.05.12
  • Accepted : 2020.06.05
  • Published : 2020.06.30

Abstract

Even though PM10 in ambient air has been steadily reduced, the perception of it has been deteriorated. Forthatreason, first, it can still be mentioned the annual average concentration of PM10 exceeding WHO standards, second, an increase in the number of high concentration days of PM10, and third, lack of consideration for differences in causes and phenomena of PM10 by regions. Therefore, this study was aimed to suggest management types for PM10 in ambient air by clustering 69 cities based on the trends and current levels of PM10. In addition, we proposed complementary measures such as the green infrastructure, ventilation corridors and adaptation measures (limit of exposure) for type III (distribution in the central inner region) and IV (metropolitan city, south-east coast region) where improvement of PM10 was insufficient. Although this study did not consider the cause of PM10 together, there is a significance that the scientific basis for responding to the near future is conducted based on past trends of PM10.

References

  1. Chu H, Venevsky S, Wu C, Wang M. 2019. NDVI-based vegetation dynamics and its response to climate changes at Amur-Heilongjiang River Basin from 1982 to 2015. Science of the Total Environment 650: 2051-2062. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.09.115
  2. Choi C, Kim C. 2016. Path dependency and social amplification of risk in particulate matter air pollution management and its implications. Journal of the Korean regional development association 28(5): 89-108. [Korean Literature] https://doi.org/10.22885/KRDA.2016.28.5.89
  3. Du J, Shu J, Yin J, Yuan X, Jiaerheng A, Xiong S, He P, Liu W. 2015. Analysis on spatiotemporal trends and drivers in vegetation growth during recent decades in Xinjiang, China. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation. 38: 216-228. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jag.2015.01.006
  4. Hyundai Research Institute. 2019. Perception survey of particulate matters. [Korean Literature]
  5. International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). 2013. IARC: Outdoor air pollution a leading environmental cause of cancer deaths. Press release.
  6. Janssens W, De Pelsmacker P, Wijnen K, Van Kenhove P. 2008. Marketing research with SPSS. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
  7. KBS News. 2019. Is it only fussy when the fine dust is 'bad'?.. there is no 'good' fine dust in the world. November 11. http://news.kbs.co.kr/news/view.do?ncd=4321057&ref=A. (Search March 10, 2020). [Korean Literature]
  8. Kim B, Yoon EJ, Kim S, Lee DK. 2020. The effects of risk perceptions related to particulate matter on outdoor activity satisfaction in South Korea. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17: 1613. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051613
  9. Kim JS, Han SH. 2019. The effect of values of nature-based outdoor recreation on environmental policy support through particulate matter risk perception and ascription of responsibility: An application of VBN. International Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Research 33(3): 5-20. [Korean Literature]
  10. Kim JG, Kyung DS, Lee SH. 2018a. Methods for making PM free city and case study. DaeJeon: LH Land and Housing Institute. [Korean Literature]
  11. Kim JY, Kim H, Jung K. 2018b. Association between hourly differences of particulate matters concentration and emergency department visits in Seoul. Public Health Affairs 2(1): 57-71. [Korean Literature] https://doi.org/10.29339/pha.2.1.57
  12. Kim JY, Kim H, Kweon J. 2018c. Association between hourly differences of Particulate matters concentration and Emergency department visits in Seoul. Public Health Aff. 2(1): 57-71. https://doi.org/10.29339/pha.2.1.57
  13. Kim TY, Kim H, Yi SM, Cheong JP, Heo J. 2018d. Short-term Effects of Ambient PM2.5 and PM2.5-10 on Mortality in Major Cities of Korea. Aerosol and Air Quality Research 18: 1853-1862. https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2017.11.0490
  14. Kim OJ, Kim SY, Kim H. 2017. Association between Long-Term Exposure to Particulate Matter Air Pollution and Mortality in a South Korean National Cohort: Comparison across Different Exposure Assessment Approaches. Int J Environ Res Public Health 14(10).
  15. Kim Y, Lee H, Jang Y, Lee H. 2015. How does media construct particulate matter risks?: A news frame and source analysis on particulate matter risks. Korean Journal of Journalism & Communication Studies 59(2): 121-154. [Korean Literature]
  16. Korean Statistical Information Service. 2020. Air pollution stats: particulate matters (PM10) monthly air pollution by city. http://kosis. kr/index/index.do. (Search March 5, 2020). [Korean Literature]
  17. Kwon E, Ahn S, Lee DK, Yoon EJ, Sung SY, Lee K. 2018. Spatial typification based on heat balance for improving thermal environment in Seoul. Journal of Korea Planning Association 53(7): 109-126. [Korean Literature] https://doi.org/10.17208/jkpa.2018.12.53.7.109
  18. Lee S, Yu S, Lee D, Song H, Kim B, Yun D, Kim S. 2015. Assessment for the level of awareness among Korean adults on the characteristics and health risks of $PM_{2.5}$. Journal of the Korean Society of Living Environmental System 22(3): 398-406. [Korean Literature] https://doi.org/10.21086/ksles.2015.06.22.3.398
  19. Lim SY, Cho JH. 2017. Comparison of fine dust trends by country and region and policy implications. Sejong: Korea Institute for Industrial Economics and Trade. [Korean Literature]
  20. Pang G, Wang X, Yang M. 2017. Using the NDVI to identify variations in, and responses of, vegetation to climate change on the Tibetan Plateau from 1982 to 2012. Quaternary International 444: 87-96. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2016.08.038
  21. Park JS, Sung S, Yoon EJ. 2020. Can we reduce the city's enemy(敵) Particular matters?. Sejong: Korean Research Institute for Human Settlements(KRIHS) Land Issue Report 11. [Korean Literature]
  22. Park S, Shin H. 2017. Analysis of the factors influencing PM2.5 in Korea: Focusing on seasonal factors. Journal of Environmental Policy and Administration 25(1): 227-248. [Korean Literature] https://doi.org/10.15301/jepa.2017.25.1.227
  23. Sung S. 2020. Environmental planning countermeasures considering spatial distribution and potential factors of particulate matters concentration. Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology 23(1): 89-96. [Korean Literature] https://doi.org/10.13087/KOSERT.2019.23.1.89
  24. Statistics Korea. 2018. 2018 Social survey results. [Korean Literature]
  25. Statistics Korea. 2019. Statistical information report on air pollution status. [Korean Literature]
  26. Yeo MJ, Kim YP. 2019. Trends of the PM10 concentrations and high PM10 concentration cases in Korea. Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment 35(2): 249-264. [Korean Literature] https://doi.org/10.5572/KOSAE.2019.35.2.249