DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

A Study on the Hijab as a Fashion Item in the Tehran Street

테헤란 스트리트에 나타난 패션 아이템 히잡 연구

  • Kim, Hyun Seo (Dept. of Fashion Design & Marketing, Seoul Women's University,) ;
  • Kim, Hyun Ju (Dept. of Fashion Design & Marketing, Seoul Women's University,) ;
  • Na, Hyun Shin (Dept. of Fashion Design & Marketing, Seoul Women's University,)
  • 김현서 (서울여자대학교 패션산업학과) ;
  • 김현주 (서울여자대학교 패션산업학과) ;
  • 나현신 (서울여자대학교 패션산업학과)
  • Received : 2020.01.20
  • Accepted : 2020.03.05
  • Published : 2020.05.30

Abstract

Hijab as a symbol of women's oppression due to the opening and reform of Islamic State group, is becoming more diverse as younger generation begins to dress more freely than ever before, spreading the perception that it is a fashion item. In response, this research conducted a theoretical review about the history of hijab, various forms of hijab, and characteristics of hijab using relevant literature, media reports, and fashion media articles. As an empirical study, image-oriented photo data shared by Tehran Street Fashion from 2015 to November 2019 were analyzed separately by fashion majors into color, pattern, and hijab-making forms. According to the analysis, six different fashion images were categorized as romantic feminine, modern chic, natural elegant, classic formal, sporty casual and gorgeous ethnic. For Muslim women in the past, hijab was worn as a repressive and closed sense by the religious system. However, in modern times, it is a way to express one's style and ideas as a fashion item. It is also and a means to express one's thoughts and beliefs. Through aesthetic consideration of Hijab as a fashion item, it was found that it was a medium for freedom of expression and a medium for beauty and individuality.

References

  1. Iranian Woman. (2020. January). Figure 14. Retrieved December 15, 2019, from http://www.pinterest.co.kr/pin/714313190877018412/
  2. Maloney, S., & Katz, E. (2019, January 24). Iran and the headscarf protests. Brookings. Retrieved July 21, 2019, from http://www.brookings.edu/opinions/iran-and-the-headscarf-protests
  3. 1.3 billion religions. (2005, November 29). 13억의 종교 이슬람의 모든 것을 알려주마 [I'll tell you everything about 1.3 billion religions, Islam]. Ohmy News. Retrieved December 26, 2019, from https://news.v.daum.net/v/20051129165412583?f=o
  4. Burka. (2010, January 27). Figure 6. 프랑스에서 살고 싶어? 그럼 '부르카' 벗어! [Do you want to live in France? Then take off the 'burka'!]. Herald Pop. Retrieved February 25, 2020, from https://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?oid=112&aid=0002069378
  5. Chador. (2018, February 13). Figure 8. 히잡 벗고 거리로 나온 이란 여성들... 히잡이 뭐길래? [Iranian women tak ing off their hijabs and taking to the streets.. What's a hijab?]. Maeil Business News. Retrieved March 5, 2020, from https://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?oid=009&aid=0004099982
  6. Cho, H. (2009). 이슬람 여성 이해: 오해와 편견을 넘어 [Understanding Muslim women: Beyond misconceptions and prejudices]. Seoul: Sechang Publishing House.
  7. Doopedia. (n.d.). 히잡 [Hijab]. Retrieved November 15, 2019, from https://terms.naver.com/entry.nhn? docId=1224281&cid=40942&categoryId=32094
  8. Dolce & Gabbana. (2016, January 8). 돌체앤가바나가 만든 명품 히잡.. 중동 고객에 '러브콜' [Luxury hijab made by Dolce & Gabbana.. 'Love call' to Middle Eastern customers]. FN News. Retrieved May 17, 2019, from https://www.fnnews.com/news/201601080906229017
  9. Gong, M., & Ahn, I. (2003). 패션디자인 [Design for fashion]. Seoul: Yehak Publishing House.
  10. Hijab. (2015, September 30). Figure 9. H&M, 히잡쓴 이슬람 여성모델 파격 기용 [H&M's unconventional use of Hijap Islamic women's model]. Bridge News. Retrieved March 5, 2020, from http://www.viva100.com/main/view.php?key=20150930010007045
  11. Hong, S. (2015. August 10). 개화기 맞은 이란 패션산업... 패션모델 수요 급증 [Iran's fashion industry is in full swing...a surge in demand for fashion models]. Yonhap News. Retrieved January 10, 2020, from https://www.yna.co.kr/view/AKR20150810128600009?input=1195m
  12. Hussein, K. (2005). 한국인들이 이슬람에 대해 궁금해하는 33가지 것들 [33 things Koreans wonder about Islam]. (H. Lee, Trans.). Seoul: Adam Publishing House.
  13. Iranian Woman. (n.d.). Figure 13. Retrieved December 15, 2019, from http://www.pinterest.co.kr/pin/119275090112404762/
  14. Iranian Woman. (n.d.). Figure 15. Retrieved December 15, 2019, from https://www.pinterest.co.kr/pin/518969557034770284/
  15. Iranian Woman. (n.d.). Figure 16. Retrieved December 15, 2019, from http://www.pinterest.co.kr/pin/495958977709359155/
  16. Iranian Woman. (n.d.). Figure 17. Retrieved December 15, 2019, from http://www.pinterest.co.kr/pin/703335666780432649
  17. Iranian Woman. (n.d.). Figure 18. Retrieved December 15, 2019, from http://www.pinterest.co.kr/pin/127719339412849058
  18. Iranian Woman. (n.d.). Figure 19. Retrieved December 15, 2019, from http://www.pinterest.co.kr/pin/632615078885953016
  19. Iranian Woman. (n.d.). Figure 20. Retrieved December 15, 2019, from http://www.boredpanda.com/tehran-women-street-style/?media_id=693542&utm_source=pinterest&utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=organic
  20. Iranian Woman. (n.d.). Figure 21. Retrieved December 15, 2019, from http://www.pinterest.co.kr/pin/127719339412852763
  21. Iranian Woman. (n.d.). Figure 22. Retrieved December 15, 2019, from http://www.pinterest.co.kr/pin/452119250075994688
  22. Iranian Woman. (n.d.). Figure 23. Retrieved December 15, 2019, from http://www.pinterest.co.kr/pin/847521223608504445
  23. Iranian Woman. (n.d.). Figure 24. Retrieved December 15, 2019, from http://www.pinterest.co.kr/pin/322148179589921714
  24. Iranian Woman. (n.d.). Figure 25. Retrieved December 15, 2019, from http://www.pinterest.co.kr/pin/209558188898769632
  25. Iranian Woman. (n.d.). Figure 26. Retrieved December 15, 2019, from http://www.pinterest.co.kr/pin/350647520991152543
  26. Iranian Woman. (n.d.). Figure 27. Retrieved December 15, 2019, from http://www.pinterest.co.kr/pin/350647520991152551
  27. Iranian Woman. (n.d.). Figure 28. Retrieved December 15, 2019, from https://www.pinterest.co.kr/pin/618752436290335251/
  28. Iranian Woman. (2020. January). Figure 29. Retrieved December 15, 2019, from http://www.pinterest.co.kr/pin/350647520991159225
  29. Iranian Woman. (n.d.). Figure 30. Retrieved December 15, 2019, from http://www.pinterest.co.kr/pin/537265430549301459
  30. Iranian Woman. (n.d.). Figure 31. Retrieved December 15, 2019, from http://www.pinterest.co.kr/pin/329607266478541895
  31. Iranian Woman. (n.d.). Figure 32. Retrieved December 15, 2019, from http://www.pinterest.co.kr/pin/800444533748076225
  32. Iranian Woman. (n.d.). Figure 33. Retrieved December 15, 2019, from http://www.pinterest.co.kr/pin/537265430549301273
  33. Iranian Woman. (n.d.). Figure 34. Retrieved December 15, 2019, from http://www.pinterest.es/pin/620300548647276273
  34. Iranian Woman. (n.d.). Figure 35. Retrieved December 15, 2019, from http://www.pinterest.co.kr/pin/484418503661784821
  35. Iranian Woman. (n.d.). Figure 36. Retrieved December 15, 2019, from http://www.pinterest.co.kr/pin/537265430549301271
  36. Khimar. (2019, October 30). Figure 10. '여성 억압의 상징'? 이슬람 의상의 역사와 종류 [Symbol of Women's suppression? The history and kinds of Islamic clothing]. Hand Maker. Retrieved March 6, 2020, from http://www.handmk.com/news/articleView.html?idxno=10035
  37. Kim, H. (2017). Hijaber and jilboob -Diversification of hijab and reactions of Indonesian conservative Muslims-. Cross-Cultural Studies, 23(1), 125-164. https://doi.org/10.17249/CCS.2017.01.23.1.125
  38. Kim, H., Kim, H., & Han, S. (2012). Muslim women’s fashion based on the social and cultural background of the Middle East. Archives of Design Research, 25(2), 147-156.
  39. Kim, J., Jung, H., & Yeom, H. (2005). A study on the fashion Islamic image. Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, 29(1), 23-34.
  40. Kim, S. (2018). Internal meaning and case of modest fashion in contemporary fashion. Journal of Korea Design Forum, 23(3), 39-52. doi:10.21326/ksdt.2018.23.3.004
  41. Kim, S. (2008). 맛살라 인디아 [Masshalla India]. Seoul: Mosinsaram.
  42. Koo, G. (2017). 이란 도시 젊은이, 그들만의 세상 만들기 [Iranian city youth, making their own world]. Seoul: Seoul National University Press.
  43. Koo, G., & Han, H. (2018). To veil or not to veil: Turkish and Iranian hijab policies and the struggle for recognition. Asian Journal of Women’s Studies, 24(1), 47-70. doi:10.1080/12259276.2018.1427663 https://doi.org/10.1080/12259276.2018.1427663
  44. Korea Muslim Association. (2018). 세계의 이슬람 [Islam of the world]. Paju: Cheonga Publishing House.
  45. Kwon, H. (2017). A study on Muslim women’s veil, hijab. 패션과 니트 [Fashion and knit], 15(3), 95-106.
  46. Lee, G. (2012). 패션 디자인 감성 [Fashion design emotional]. Seoul: Kyung Choon Publishing.
  47. Lee, O. (2006). 인간과 종교 [Humanity and religion]. Seoul: Nanam.
  48. Niqab. (2018, October 25). Figure 7. 유엔 인권위 "프랑스 니캅 착용금지법은 인권침해" [U.N. Human Rights Commission (UNRC) "France's prohibition on wearing Nikap violates human rights."]. SkyeDaily. Retrieved March 5, 2020, from http://www.skyedaily.com/news/news_view.html?ID=78328
  49. Fischer, M. (2003). Iran: From religious dispute to revolution (2nd ed.). Wisconsin: The University of Wisconsin Press.
  50. Oh, E. (2006). 베일속의 이슬람과 여성 [Islam and women in vale]. Seoul: Pronesis.
  51. Park, Y. J., Kim, M. H., Yoon, Y. J., Park, J. S., & Yoon, J. Y. (2017). 패션스타일리스트 [Fashionstylist]. Seoul: Sidaegosi.
  52. Prejudice, hijab. (2017, November 10). 편견과의 전쟁, 히잡이 뭐 어때서요? [What's wrong with hijab? The war against prejudice]. Research Paper. Retrieved November 15, 2019, from https://m.post.naver.com/viewer/postView.nhn?volumeNo=10484802&memberNo=39007078