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Performance analysis of automatic depressurization system in advanced PWR during a typical SBLOCA transient using MIDAC

  • Sun, Hongping (State Key Laboratory on Power Engineering and Multiphase Flow, Science and Technology on Reactor System Design Technology Laboratory, School of Nuclear Science and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong University) ;
  • Zhang, Yapei (State Key Laboratory on Power Engineering and Multiphase Flow, Science and Technology on Reactor System Design Technology Laboratory, School of Nuclear Science and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong University) ;
  • Tian, Wenxi (State Key Laboratory on Power Engineering and Multiphase Flow, Science and Technology on Reactor System Design Technology Laboratory, School of Nuclear Science and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong University) ;
  • Qiu, Suizheng (State Key Laboratory on Power Engineering and Multiphase Flow, Science and Technology on Reactor System Design Technology Laboratory, School of Nuclear Science and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong University) ;
  • Su, Guanghui (State Key Laboratory on Power Engineering and Multiphase Flow, Science and Technology on Reactor System Design Technology Laboratory, School of Nuclear Science and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong University)
  • Received : 2019.02.15
  • Accepted : 2019.10.14
  • Published : 2020.05.25

Abstract

The aim in the present work is to simulate accident scenarios of AP1000 during the small-break loss-of-coolant accident (SBLOCA) and investigate the performance and behavior of automatic depressurization system (ADS) during accidents by using MIDAC (The Module In-vessel Degradation severe accident Analysis Code). Four types of accidents with different hypothetical conditions were analyzed in this study. The impact on the thermal-hydraulic of the reactor coolant system (RCS), the passive core cooling system and core degradation was researched by comparing these types. The results show that the RCS depressurization becomes faster, the core makeup tanks (CMT) and accumulators (ACC) are activated earlier and the effect of gravity water injection is more obvious along with more ADS valves open. The open of the only ADS1-3 can't stop the core degradation on the basis of the first type of the accident. The open of ADS1-3 has a great impact on the injection time of ACC and CMT. The core can remain intact for a long time and the core degradation can be prevent by the open of ADS-4. The all results are significant and meaningful to understand the performance and behavior of the ADS during the typical SBLOCA.