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Exploration of Preservatives that Inhibit Wood Feeding by Inhibiting Termite Intestinal Enzyme Activity

흰개미 장내 효소 활성 억제로 목재의 섭식을 저해하는 보존 처리제의 탐색

  • LEE, Jeung-Min (Department of Restoration Technology Division, National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage) ;
  • KIM, Young Hee (Department of Restoration Technology Division, National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage) ;
  • HONG, Jin Young (Department of Restoration Technology Division, National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage) ;
  • LIM, BoA (Department of Restoration Technology Division, National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage) ;
  • PARK, Ji Hee (Department of Restoration Technology Division, National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage)
  • Received : 2020.03.31
  • Accepted : 2020.04.29
  • Published : 2020.05.25

Abstract

In Korea, damages to wooden cultural properties by termites have been reported all over the country, including Ulleungdo Island and Jeju Island. In order to reduce the damage caused by termites, most cultural properties damaged by them are treated with fumigation or drug treatment on the soil to kill or repel them. The number of treatments is decreasing due to cost and safety problems, and new methods needed to cope with this situation. After extracting an enzyme by selecting only worker termites from the termites collected in Shinan, Jeonnam, as a result of measuring the enzyme activity using xylan of cellulose and hemicellulose that are the components of wood, the activity of termite intestinal enzymes in xylan was higher than that of cellulose having a high molecular weight. Therefore, in this study, as a result of exploring over 600 species of medicinal plant extracts that inhibit the activity of termite intestinal enzymes using xylan as a substrate, the inhibitory effect was significant in Borneolum Syntheticum, Ephedra sinica, and Menthol. Selected Borneolum Syntheticum, Ephedra sinica, and Menthol's extracts not only inhibited the activity of termite intestinal enzymes, but also confirmed that they have insecticidal activation and inhibitory effects on feeding in the result of the direct treatment.

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