- Volume 48 Issue 3
DOI QR Code
Wood Identification of Historical Architecture in Korea by Synchrotron X-ray Microtomography-Based Three-Dimensional Microstructural Imaging
- HWANG, Sung-Wook (Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University) ;
- TAZURU, Suyako (Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University) ;
- SUGIYAMA, Junji (Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University)
- Received : 2020.02.21
- Accepted : 2020.04.13
- Published : 2020.05.25
For visual inspection-based wood identification, optical microscopy techniques typically require a relatively large sample size, and a scanning electron microscope requires a clean surface. These novel techniques experience limitations for objects with highly limited sampling capabilities such as important and registered wooden cultural properties. Synchrotron X-ray microtomography (SR-µCT) has been suggested as an effective alternative to avoid such limitations and various other imaging issues. In this study, four pieces of wood fragments from wooden members used in the Manseru pavilion of Bongjeongsa temple in Andong, Korea, wereused for identification. Three-dimensional microstructural images were reconstructed from these small wood samples using SR-µCT at SPring-8. From the analysis of the reconstructed images, the samples were identified as Zelkova serrata, Quercus sect. Cerris, and Pinus koraiensis. The images displayed sufficient spatial resolution to clearly observe the anatomical features of each species. In addition, the three-dimensional imaging allowed unlimited image processing.
- Casali, F. 2006. X-ray and neutron digital radiography and computed tomography for cultural heritage. In: Bradley, B., Creagh, D. (Eds). Physical techniques in the study of art, archaeology and cultural heritage, Volume 1. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
- Creagh, D. 2007. Synchrotron radiation and its use in art, archaeometry, and cultural heritage studies. In: Bradley, B., Creagh, D (Eds). Physical techniques in the study of art, archaeology and cultural heritage, Volume 2. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
- Eom, Y.G. 2015. Wood anatomy of Korean species. MEDIA WOOD., Ltd. Seoul, Korea.
- Eom, Y.J., Park, B.D. 2018. Wood species identification of documentary woodblocks of Songok clan of the Milseong Park, Gyeongju, Korea (in Korean). Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology 46(3): 270-277.
- Kobayashi, K., Akada, M., Torigoe, T., Imazu, S., Sugiyama, J. 2015. Automated recognition of wood used in traditional Japanese sculptures by texture analysis of their low-resolution computed tomography data. Journal of Wood Science 61: 630-640. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10086-015-1507-6
- Kobayashi, K., Hwang, S.W., Okochi, T., Lee, W.H., Sugiyama, J. 2019a. Non-destructive method for wood identification using conventional X-ray computed tomography data. Journal of Cultural Heritage 38: 88-93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.culher.2019.02.001
- Kobayashi, K., Kegasa, T., Hwang, S.W., Sugiyama, J. 2019b. Anatomical features of Fagaceae wood statistically extracted by computer vision approaches: Some relationships with evolution. PLoS ONE 14(8): e0220762. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0220762. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0220762
- Lee, G.H., Seo, J.W., Han, G.S. 2018. Dating wooden artifacts excavated at Imdang-dong site, Gyeongsan, Korea and interpreting the paleoenvironment according to the wood identification (in Korean). Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology 46(3): 241-252.
- Mizuno, S., Torizu, R., Sugiyama, J. 2010. Wood identification of a wooden mask using synchrotron X-ray microtomography. Journal of Archaeological Science 37: 2842-2845. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2010.06.022
- Noshiro, S., Sasaki, Y. 2011. Identification of Japanese species of evergreen Quercus and Lithocarpus (Fagaceae). IAWA Journal 32(3): 383-393. https://doi.org/10.1163/22941932-90000066
- Park, B.S., Chong, S.H., Chung, D.J., Seo, J.W. 2005. Species composition of major wooden cultural properties (in Korean). Korea Forest Research Institute, Seoul, Korea. pp. 43-54.
- Park, J.H., Oh, J.E., Hwang, I.S., Jang, H.U., Choi, J.W., Kim, S.C. 2018. Study on species identification for Pungnammun Gate (Treasure 308) in Jeonju, Korea (in Korean). Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology 46(3): 278-284.
- Park, W.K., Lee, K.H. 2007. Changes in the species of woods used for Korean ancient and historic architectures (in Korean). Journal of Architectural History 16: 9-28.
- Steppe, K., Cnudde, V., Girard, C., Lemeur, R., Cnudde, J.P., Jacobs, P. 2004. Use of X-ray computed microtomography for non-invasive determination of wood anatomical characteristics. Journal of Structural Biology 148(1): 11-21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsb.2004.05.001
- Suzuki, Y., Uesugi, K., Takimoto, N., Fukui, T., Aoyama, K., Takeuchi, A., Takano, H., Yagi, N., Mochizuki, T., Goto, S., Takeshita, K., Takahashi, S., Ohashi, H., Furukawa, Y., Ohata, T., Matsushita, T., Ishizawa, Y., Yamazaki, H., Yabashi, M., Tanaka, T., Kitamura, H., Ishikawa, T. 2004. Construction and commissioning of A 248 m-long beamline with X-ray undulator light source. In: Warwick, T., Arthur, J., Padmore, H.A., Stohr, J (Eds). Synchrotron radiation instrumentation: Eighth international conference on synchrotron radiation instrumentation. American Institute of Physics, College Park.
- Tazuru, S., Sugiyama, J. 2019. Wood identification of Japanese Shinto deity statues in Matsunootaisha Shrine in Kyoto by synchrotron X-ray microtomography and conventional microscopy methods. Journal of Wood Science 65(1): 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1186/s10086-019-1786-4
- Triche, B.L., Nelson Jr, J.T., McGill, N.S., Porter, K.K., Sanyal, R., Tessler, F.N., McConathy, J.E., Gauntt, D.M., Yester, M.V., Singh, S.P. 2019. Recognizing and minimizing artifacts at CT, MRI, US, and molecular imaging. RadioGraphics 39(4): 1017-1018. https://doi.org/10.1148/rg.2019180022
- Van den Bulcke, J., Boone, M., Van Acker, J., Stevens, M., Van Hoorebeke, L. 2009. X-ray tomography as a tool for detailed anatomical analysis. Annals of Forest Science 66(5): 1-12.