Combined Effects of Physical Evidence and Functional Service at Bulgogi Restaurants on Customers' Store Image and Purchase Behaviors: Application of Video Scenario Technique

  • Hwang, Daye (Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Natural Science, Dankook University) ;
  • Chang, Hyeja (Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Natural Science, Dankook University)
  • Received : 2020.03.03
  • Accepted : 2020.04.30
  • Published : 2020.04.30


This study aimed to identify whether or not four service situations varying according to positive and negative combinations of physical evidence and functional service influence store image and purchase behavioral intentions of customers at bulgogi restaurants. The video-scenario technique was used for the study. Data were analyzed with the SPSS (Window 19.0) package using frequency analysis, one-way ANOVA, 2 by 2 factorial ANOVA, exploratory factor analysis, and multiple regression analysis to confirm the hypotheses. The combined effect of functional service and physical evidence influenced store image and purchase intention. In terms of seperate effect of physical evidence and functional service, the effect of employee service on store image was more powerful than that of physical evidence, even though the effect differed depending on the situation. Purchase intention was only influenced by functional service quality from employees under the four different scenarios. Thus, when opening a Korean restaurant, proper management of tangible evidence suitable to service, and the prices expected from local customers should be determined. Additionally, extremely high or low levels of physical evidence management should be avoided.


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