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Dietary Habits and Snack Consumption Behaviors according to Level of Job Stress among 20- to 30-year old Office Workers in the Seoul Metropolitan Area

수도권 지역 20~30대 내근직 직장인의 직무스트레스에 따른 식습관과 가공식품류 간식 섭취 실태

  • Park, So Hyun (Department of Food and Nutriton, College of Natural Sciences, Inha University) ;
  • Lee, Eun Ji (Department of Food and Nutriton, College of Natural Sciences, Inha University) ;
  • Chang, Kyung Ja (Department of Food and Nutriton, College of Natural Sciences, Inha University)
  • 박소현 (인하대학교 자연과학대학 식품영양학과) ;
  • 이은지 (인하대학교 자연과학대학 식품영양학과) ;
  • 장경자 (인하대학교 자연과학대학 식품영양학과)
  • Received : 2020.02.12
  • Accepted : 2020.04.14
  • Published : 2020.04.30

Abstract

This study was conducted to compare differences in dietary habits and snack consumption behaviors according to level of job stress among 20- to 30-year-old office workers. Subjects were 205 office workers working in companies located in Seoul and the metropolitan area. Self-administered questionnaires written by the subjects were statistically analyzed by the SPSS 20.0 program. Subjects were classified into a high-risk job stress group (n=102, High-RSG) or low-risk job stress group (n=103, Low-RSG) by level of job stress. For dietary habits, the duration of meal time before suffering from job stress in High-RSG was significantly faster compared to Low-RSG. Appetite after suffering from job stress in High-RSG was significantly higher compared to Low-RSG. For snack consumption behaviors, the reason for snack intake was 'job stress' for 42.2% in High-RSG and 'hunger' for 31.1% in Low-RSG (p<0.05). Energy intake in the form of chocolates, castellacakesmuffins, and flavored milk during working hours was significantly higher in High-RSG compared to Low-RSG (p<0.05). Therefore, this study suggests that dietary guidelines to ameliorate job stress should be developed in order to manage and improve dietary habits caused by suffering from job stress among young office workers at companies.

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