Joseon Dynasty's Food Culture Experienced by George C. Foulk in 1884

조지 포크가 경험한 1884년 조선의 음식문화

  • Received : 2020.02.25
  • Accepted : 2020.04.07
  • Published : 2020.04.30


This research is the first known to introduce and analyze food-related content among the records left by George Clayton Foulk (1856-1893), a naval attache dispatched as part of a U.S. delegation to Korea during the Joseon dynasty in the 19th century. Sketches and memos by Foulk provide important clues in understanding the food culture during the late Joseon dynasty. By analyzing the types of foods, table composition, and intervals between serving the nine rounds of food from the rural government office, which Foulk ate during his local trip, he was able to confirm that there was a starter ('preliminary table' or 'hors d'œuvre') before the main table and that it was served before the main dish.


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