Difference of optimism according to the level of performance: For the Korean badminton national youth players

경기력 수준에 따른 낙관성의 차이: 배드민턴 청소년 대표선수를 대상으로

  • Kim, Deokjin (Dept. of Sport and Health Care, Namseoul Univ)
  • 김덕진 (남서울대학교 스포츠건강관리학과)
  • Received : 2019.11.12
  • Accepted : 2019.12.07
  • Published : 2020.02.29


Seligman argues that an optimistic athlete wins based on a study of US professional baseball and professional basketball players.(trans. Choi, 2008). So, the purpose of this study was to investigate whether optimism can predict the performance of badminton youth representatives. 60 high school students were divided into two groups according to their performance. We used the revised Life Orientation Test (LOT-R) developed by Scheier, Carver and Bridges(1994) and translated into Korean version by Shin Hyun-sook(2005). For this study, the data were analyzed by frequency analysis, reliability analysis, and independent t - test. As a result, there was a statistically significant higher level of optimism in the excellent group than in the non-excellent group. So, in order to improve sports performance, we need psychological skills training that can improve optimism as well as physical training and skills training.

Seligman은 미국 프로야구와 프로농구 선수들을 대상으로 실시한 연구결과를 근거로 낙관적인 운동선수가 승리한다고 주장한다(최호영 역, 2008). 이에 본 연구는 낙관성으로 배드민턴 청소년 대표선수들의 경기력을 예측할 수 있는지 알아보기 위하여 수행되었다. 고등학생 대표 60명을 경기력 상, 하 두 집단으로 구분하여 그들의 낙관성에 차이가 있는가를 알아보았다. 검사도구로는 Scheier, Carver 및 Bridges(1994)가 개발하고 신현숙(2005)이 번안한 삶의 지향성 검사 개정판(LOT-R : Revised Life Orientation Test)을 사용하였고 빈도분석, 신뢰도 분석, 독립 t검증을 실시하여 자료를 분석하였다. 그 결과, 경기력 상집단이 하집단에 비해서 낙관성이 통계적으로 유의미하게 높은 것으로 나타났다. 따라서 경기력을 향상시키기 위해서는 체력훈련, 기술연습과 동시에 낙관성을 향상시킬 수 있는 심리기술훈련이 필요하겠다.



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