Defining a Concept of Forest Garden through Understanding Values of Forest and Garden

숲과 정원의 가치파악을 통한 숲 정원 개념의 정립

  • 홍광표 (동국대학교 경주캠퍼스 조경학과) ;
  • 이혁재 (사단법인 한국정원디자인학회)
  • Received : 2019.11.11
  • Accepted : 2019.12.06
  • Published : 2020.02.29


Amid public's growing interest on garden and more leisure time of modern life-style, there is an effort by the government to utilize forest as public garden. In order to utilize forests as pubic garden, a new concept of "Forest Garden" should be defined and introduced first. Furthermore, introducing a new concept requires academically analyzing values of a new concept before a new concept is widely used. Thus, we aimed to clarify the concept of forest garden by conducting Delphi technique research and factor-analysis of survey results. More specifically, delphi technique research was conducted to extract composition elements and explanation elements of forest garden. Factor analysis was conducted on the top 25 elements and 5 values were extracted as a result. They are form, scenery, ecology, history/cuture and usefulness which are essential values required of forest garden. Forest garden should have all of 5 values and be capable of function as both forest and garden which would also need continuous maintenance. We believe this study is the first one to establish definition of forest garden and more specific and realistic definitions need to be built through continuous research, 000 experiment and on-site evaluation. We also believe that this study will serve as foundation for further efforts in building forest garden in various space and in defining proper concept of forest garden.

현대인의 생활환경 내 여가시간 비중이 증가하고, 정원에 대한 관심이 높아짐에 따라 숲을 정원으로 활용하고자 하는 움직임이 정부 차원에서 진행되고 있다. 하지만, 숲을 정원으로 활용하기 위해서는 "숲 정원"이라는 새로운 개념을 도입하여야 하고, 새로운 개념을 사용하기 위해서는 그 개념이 가지고 있는 가치를 학술적으로 분석한 후, 사용하여야 한다. 따라서 우리는 이 연구에서 숲 정원의 개념을 명확히 하기 위하여 전문가에 의한 델파이 기법을 수행하였으며, 설문조사에 의한 결과를 요인분석을 통하여 분석하였다. 그 결과, 델파이기법에 의해서 숲정원의 구성요소와 설명요소를 추출할 수 있었으며, 추출된 항목들 중 상위 25개 항목에 대하여 요인분석을 실시한 결과, 숲 정원이 가지고 있어야 하는 5가지 가치를 추출할 수 있었다. 추출된 5가지 가치는 성상적가치, 경관적가치, 생태적가치, 역사/문화적가치, 이용적 가치이며, 이 모든 가치를 가지고 있고, 숲과 정원의 역할을 동시에 수행하면서 지속적인 유지관리가 필요한 공간을 숲 정원이라고 할 수 있다. 하지만, 본 연구의 정의는 국내 최초의 정의라고 할 수 있으며, 지속적인 연구와 실증실험, 대상지 평가 등을 통하여, 구체화, 현실화 되어야 한다. 다양한 대상지에 숲 정원을 조성해 나아감으로써, 숲정원의 개념적 정의가 확고해 질 수 있다고 할 수 있다.



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