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Policy Implementation Process of Korean Government's Public Diplomacy on Climate Change

  • Choi, Ga Young (Division of Climate Technology Cooperation, Green Technology Center) ;
  • Song, Jaeryoung (International Cooperation and Science & Technology Bureau, National Council on Climate and Air Quality) ;
  • Lee, Eunmi (Division of Climate Technology Cooperation, Green Technology Center)
  • Received : 2019.11.18
  • Accepted : 2020.03.30
  • Published : 2020.04.30

Abstract

In 2015, the State Council of South Korea finalized its goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by "37% from the business-as-usual (BAU) level" by 2030 across all the economic sectors. Of that reduction, 4.5% will be achieved overseas by leveraging Emission Trading Systems (ETS) aided by international cooperation. In line with this, considering both the demand for and supply of the carbon market increased after the Paris agreement, the importance of public diplomacy in negotiating climate change actions also rose. This study aimed to analyze the impact of international discussions such as the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on domestic policies and the types of public diplomatic climate change policies pursued by different government agencies, and draw implications from them. This study attempted to find implications from the Korean government's public diplomacy on climate change for developing countries. Lessons learned regarding Korea's public diplomacy would provide a practical guidance to the Asian developing countries, which are suffering from environmental crisis at a phase of rapid economic growth.

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