- Volume 9 Issue 1
DOI QR Code
Policy Implementation Process of Korean Government's Public Diplomacy on Climate Change
- Choi, Ga Young (Division of Climate Technology Cooperation, Green Technology Center) ;
- Song, Jaeryoung (International Cooperation and Science & Technology Bureau, National Council on Climate and Air Quality) ;
- Lee, Eunmi (Division of Climate Technology Cooperation, Green Technology Center)
- Received : 2019.11.18
- Accepted : 2020.03.30
- Published : 2020.04.30
In 2015, the State Council of South Korea finalized its goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by "37% from the business-as-usual (BAU) level" by 2030 across all the economic sectors. Of that reduction, 4.5% will be achieved overseas by leveraging Emission Trading Systems (ETS) aided by international cooperation. In line with this, considering both the demand for and supply of the carbon market increased after the Paris agreement, the importance of public diplomacy in negotiating climate change actions also rose. This study aimed to analyze the impact of international discussions such as the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on domestic policies and the types of public diplomatic climate change policies pursued by different government agencies, and draw implications from them. This study attempted to find implications from the Korean government's public diplomacy on climate change for developing countries. Lessons learned regarding Korea's public diplomacy would provide a practical guidance to the Asian developing countries, which are suffering from environmental crisis at a phase of rapid economic growth.
- An, B. (2011). The Study on Public Diplomacy Professionalism from the Perspectives of International Public Relations: Focus on Cultural Centered Approach. Journal of Public Relations, 15(4), 36-78.
- Cha, H.W., Jo, E.Y., and Baek, S.K. (2013). The relationship between Overseas Koreans' use of home country media and home country's reputation based on public diplomacy perspective - focused on overseas Koreans in US and Thailand-. Korean Journal of Journalism & Communication Studies, 57(3), 189-220.
- Committee for a Framework Convention on Climate Change (CFCCC). (2007). The 3rd Comprehensive Plan for UNFCCC. PP. 7-10.
- Kim, T.H. (2011). New Public Diplomacy in 21st century and Forum on Diplomacy. JPI Policy Forum, 3, 1-20.
- Koakutsu, K., Amellina, A., Rocamora, A. R., and Umemiya, C. (2016). Operationalizing the Paris Agreement Article 6 through the Joint Crediting Mechanism (JCM). Climate and Energy Area, IGES Discussion paper, May 2016
- Ma, Y.S. (2011). Status of Public diplomacy and Future Policy directions. JPI Policy Forum, 9, 1-18.
- Myeong, S. (2012). OECD. Retrieved from OECD: http://www.oecd.org/env/cc/50426677.pdf
- Shin, H.C., Moon, B., Jo, S.S., Lee, Y.N., Kim, Y.W., and Cha, H.W. (2017). Handbook of Public Relations. Seoul: Communication books. 98-102.
- Signizer, B., and Wamser, C. (2006). Public diplomacy: A specific governmental public relations function. In C. H. Botan & V. Hazleton(Eds.). Public relations theory II, (17), 435-464, London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
- Sung, M.J. (2006). What Global Public Relations Means to MNCs: From PR Practitioners' Perspectives. Journal of Public Relations, 10(1), 191-228.
- Vercic, D., Grunig, L. A., and Grunig, J. E. (1996). Global and specific principles of public relations: Evidence from Slovenia. In H.M. Culbertson and N. Chen (Eds.). International public relations: A comparative analysis. 31-65. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
- Joint Ministerial Committee. (2019). The 2nd Master Plan on Countermeasures to Climate Change. Republic of Korea.