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Effect of oyster shell powder on nitrogen releases from contaminated marine sediment

  • Khirul, Md Akhte (Department of Ocean System Engineering, College of Marine Science, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Kim, Beom-Geun (Department of Ocean System Engineering, College of Marine Science, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Cho, Daechul (Department of Energy and Environmental Engineering, Soonchunhyang University) ;
  • Yoo, Gilsun (Department of Energy and Environmental Engineering, Soonchunhyang University) ;
  • Kwon, Sung-Hyun (Department of Marine Environmental Engineering, College of Marine Science, Engineering Research Institute (ERI), Gyeongsang National University)
  • Received : 2018.11.10
  • Accepted : 2019.03.15
  • Published : 2020.04.30

Abstract

Nitrogen flux release from organically enriched sediments into overlying water, which may have significantly influence on water quality and increasing continuous eutrophication. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the remediation efficiency of oyster shell powder and its treated product into organically enriched sediment in terms of nitrogen flux, organic matter, chlorophyll-a, pH and dissolved oxygen (DO). The TOSP was mainly composed of CaO2. The application of TOSP into the sediment has increased the pH, DO and significantly decreased the concentrations of NH4+-N and T-N compared to other basins. On the other hand, nitrate was enriched with the addition of treated oyster powder, an oxygen releasing compound on both phases. Furthermore, chlorophyll-a was found to be increasing with time in the control basin meanwhile it dropped drastically with the addition of TOSP, which implied on the repression of algal growth owing to blockage of nitrogen source migrating from the sediment. This study has shown that the TOSP was effective to improve sediment-water quality, diminish eutrophication and control harmful algae blooms in a marine environment. Therefore, it is a good reference as an effective environmental remediation agent.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF)

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