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유아교사의 직무스트레스, 자아탄력성, 삶의 만족도의 관계

The Relationships among Kindergarten Teachers' Job Stress, Ego-Resilience and Life Satisfaction

  • 문명화 (남곡초등학교 병설유치원)
  • Moon, Myung-Hwa (A kindergarten attached to the Namgok Elementary School)
  • 투고 : 2020.02.26
  • 심사 : 2020.04.20
  • 발행 : 2020.04.28

초록

본 연구의 목적은 유아교사의 직무스트레스와 자아탄력성이 삶의 만족도에 미치는 영향을 확인하고 삶의 만족도의 질적 향상 방안을 탐색하는 것이다. 이를 위해 강원도에 소재한 공·사립 유치원, 어린이집 교사 198명을 대상으로 직무스트레스, 자아탄력성, 삶의 만족도 설문지를 사용하여 응답하게 하였다. 수집된 자료를 토대로 Pearson의 적률상관관계 분석과 위계적 중다회귀분석을 실시한 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 유아교사의 직무스트레스가 높을수록 삶의 만족도는 낮아지며, 자아탄력성이 높을수록 삶의 만족도가 높아지는 유의미한 관계가 나타났다. 특히 직무스트레스의 하위변인인 경제적 영역은 유아교사의 자아탄력성, 삶의 만족도와 유의미한 부적상관이 나타났다. 둘째, 경제적 영역과 관계탄력성, 활동성의 예측변인들이 유아교사의 삶의 만족도에 유의하게 영향을 미치며, 자아탄력성의 하위변인인 관계탄력성이 삶의 만족도에 대해 상대적으로 설명력이 가장 크게 나타났다. 이는 교사의 삶의 만족도를 높이기 위해 자아탄력성을 촉진시킬 프로그램 개발이 필요함을 시사한다.

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