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A double-labeling marker-based method for estimating inbreeding and parental genomic components in a population under conservation

  • Li, Wenting (College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University) ;
  • Zhang, Mengmeng (College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University) ;
  • Wang, Kejun (College of Animal Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Agricultural University) ;
  • Lu, Yunfeng (School of Life Science and Technology, Nanyang Normal University) ;
  • Tang, Hui (College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Shandong Agricultural University) ;
  • Wu, Keliang (College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University)
  • Received : 2019.01.12
  • Accepted : 2019.06.11
  • Published : 2020.01.01

Abstract

Objective: The objective of a conservation program is to maintain maximum genetic diversity and preserve the viability of a breed. However, the efficiency of a program is influenced by the ability to accurately measure and predict genetic diversity. Methods: To examine this question, we conducted a simulation in which common measures (i.e. heterozygosity) and novel measures (identity-by-descent probabilities and parental genomic components) were used to estimate genetic diversity within a conserved population using double-labeled single nucleotide polymorphism markers. Results: The results showed that the accuracy and sensitivity of identity-by-state probabilities and heterozygosity were close to identity by descent (IBD) probabilities, which reflect the true genetic diversity. Expected heterozygosity most closely aligned with IBD. All common measures suggested that practices used in the current Chinese pig conservation program result in a ~5% loss in genetic diversity every 10 generations. Parental genomic components were also analyzed to monitor real-time changes in genomic components for each male and female ancestor. The analysis showed that ~7.5% of male families and ~30% of female families were lost every 5 generations. After 50 generations of simulated conservation, 4 male families lost ~50% of their initial genomic components, and the genomic components for 24.8% of the female families were lost entirely. Conclusion: In summary, compared with the true genetic diversity value obtained using double-labeled markers, expected heterozygosity appears to be the optimal indicator. Parental genomic components analysis provides a more detailed picture of genetic diversity and can be used to guide conservation management practices.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Natural Science Foundation of Henan Province of China

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