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Effects of puerarin on the Akt signaling pathway in bovine preadipocyte differentiation

  • Yun, Jinyan (Branch of Animal Husbandry, Jilin Academy of Agricultural Sciences) ;
  • Yu, Yongsheng (Branch of Animal Husbandry, Jilin Academy of Agricultural Sciences) ;
  • Zhou, Guoli (College of Life Science, Liaocheng University) ;
  • Luo, Xiaotong (Branch of Animal Husbandry, Jilin Academy of Agricultural Sciences) ;
  • Jin, Haiguo (Branch of Animal Husbandry, Jilin Academy of Agricultural Sciences) ;
  • Zhao, Yumin (Branch of Animal Husbandry, Jilin Academy of Agricultural Sciences) ;
  • Cao, Yang (Branch of Animal Husbandry, Jilin Academy of Agricultural Sciences)
  • Received : 2019.01.02
  • Accepted : 2019.05.04
  • Published : 2020.01.01

Abstract

Objective: Puerarin has the potential of regulating the differentiation of preadipocytes, but its mechanism of action has not yet been elucidated. Adipocytes found in adipose tissue, the main endocrine organ, are the main sites of lipid deposition, and are widely used as a cell model in the study of in vitro fat deposition. This study aimed to investigate the effects of puerarin on adipogenesis in vitro. Methods: Puerarin was added to the culture medium during the process of adipogenesis. The proliferation and differentiation of bovine preadipocytes was measured through cell viability and staining with oil red O. The content of triacylglycerol was measured using a triglyceride assay kit. The mRNA and protein expression levels of adipogenic genes, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-α, were measured using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blotting, respectively. Results: The addition of puerarin significantly increased adipogenesis of bovine preadipocytes and enhanced the mRNA and protein level expression of PPARγ (p<0.01). The expression of P-Akt increased after adipogenic hormonal induction, whereas puerarin significantly increased PPARγ expression by promoting the Akt signaling component, P-Akt. The mechanism of adipogenesis was found to be related to the phosphorylation level of Ser473, which may activate the downstream signaling of the Akt pathway. Conclusion: Puerarin was able to promote the differentiation of preadipocytes and improve fat deposition in cattle. The mechanism of adipogenesis was found to be related to the phosphorylation level of Ser473.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Natural Science Foundation of China, Natural Science Fund of Shandong province of P. R. China

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