Influence of freeze-dried acid whey addition on biogenic amines formation in a beef and deer dry fermented sausages without added nitrite

  • Kononiuk, Anna D. (Department of Meat Technology and Food Quality, University of Life Sciences in Lublin) ;
  • Karwowska, Malgorzata (Department of Meat Technology and Food Quality, University of Life Sciences in Lublin)
  • Received : 2019.01.04
  • Accepted : 2019.05.04
  • Published : 2020.02.01


Objective: Aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of freeze-dried acid whey addition and the use a game meat (fallow deer) on a microbial content and the biogenic amines formation in dry fermented sausages. Methods: The experiment involved dry fermented sausages made in two variants from beef and from fallow deer. Each variant was divided into five groups: control (with a curing mixture), reference (with a sea salt), sample with a liquid acid whey and two samples with the addition of reconstituted freeze-dried acid whey in different concentrations. Changes in lactic acid bacteria (LAB), Enterobacteriaceae content and biogenic amines content were determined. Results: The microbial content changes suggest that addition of acid whey slightly affected LAB content in comparison with the control and reference sample, but the addition of freezedried acid whey resulted in a reduction of Enterobacteriaceae content in the sausages from fallow deer or a similar level in the beef sausages compared with the control and reference sample. Both changes in LAB and Enterobacteriaceae content were more evident in case of sausages made from fallow deer. Addition of acid whey (liquid and a higher amount of freezedried) and use of fallow deer meat to produce the sausages resulted in a significant reduction of total biogenic amines content. Conclusion: The addition of acid whey (liquid and higher amount of freeze-dried) resulted in a significant reduction of total biogenic amines content in dry fermented sausages made from fallow deer meat.


Supported by : Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development


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