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Physiological impact on layer chickens fed corn distiller's dried grains with solubles naturally contaminated with deoxynivalenol

  • Wickramasuriya, Samiru Sudharaka (Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Macelline, Shemil Priyan (Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Eunjoo (Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Cho, Hyun Min (Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Shin, Taeg Kyun (Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Yi, Young Joo (Division of Biotechnology, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Jayasena, Dinesh D. (Department of Animal Science, Uva Wellassa University) ;
  • Lee, Sung-Dae (National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Jung, Hyun Jung (National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Heo, Jung Min (Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University)
  • Received : 2019.03.11
  • Accepted : 2019.05.29
  • Published : 2020.02.01

Abstract

Objective: An experiment was conducted to investigate the response of laying hens fed corn distiller's dried grains with solubles (DDGS) that are naturally contaminated with deoxynivalenol (DON). Methods: One hundred and sixty 52-week-old Lohmann Brown Lite hens were randomly allotted to five dietary treatments with 8 replicates per treatment. The dietary treatments were formulated to provide a range of corn DDGS contaminated with DON from 0% to 20% (i.e., 5% scale of increment). All laying hens were subjected to the same management practices in a controlled environment. Body weight, feed intake and egg production were measured biweekly for the entire 8-week experiment. The egg quality was measured biweekly for 8 weeks. On weeks 4 and 8, visceral organ weights, blood metabolites, intestinal morphology, and blood cytokine concentrations were measured. Results: The inclusion of corn DDGS contaminated with DON in the diet did not alter (p>0.05) the body weight, feed intake, hen-day egg production, egg mass and feed efficiency of the laying hens. No difference was found (p>0.05) in the egg quality of hens that were fed the dietary treatments. Furthermore, hens that were fed a diet containing corn DDGS contaminated with DON showed no change (p>0.05) in the visceral organ weights, the blood metabolites, and the cytokine concentrations. The crypt depth increased (p<0.05) as the amount of corn DDGS contaminated with DON increased. Proportionately, the villus height to crypt depth ratio of the laying hens decreased (p<0.05) with the increasing level of corn DDGS contaminated with DON in the diet. Conclusion: The inclusion of corn DDGS contaminated with DON up to 20% in layer diets did not cause changes in egg production performance and egg quality, which indicates that DON is less toxic at the concentration of 1.00 mg DON/kg.

Acknowledgement

Grant : Cooperative research program of Agriculture science and technology development

Supported by : Rural Development Administration

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