DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Effect of dietary sesame (Sesame indicum L) seed meal level supplemented with lysine and phytase on performance traits and antioxidant status of late-phase laying hens

  • Received : 2019.02.05
  • Accepted : 2019.03.14
  • Published : 2020.02.01

Abstract

Objective: This study was performed to investigate the effects of supplementing sesame seed meal (SSM) with phytase and lysine on performance, egg quality, blood biochemical and antioxidant status of laying hens. Methods: A total of 960, 56-wk-old laying hens were divided into 12 dietary groups with eight replicates per group (10 birds per replicate). A completely randomized design with factorial arrangement 2×3×2 consisted of two levels of lysine supplement (0% and 10% over requirement), three SSM levels (0%, 10%, and 20%) with or without phytase (0 and 300 g/ton). The feeding trial lasted 10 weeks. Results: Birds fed diets with 10% SSM had higher feed intake than groups fed 0% and 20% SSM. The addition of phytase to experimental feeds, improved feed conversion ratio, increased egg weight and mass (p<0.01). Egg quality criteria was not affected by supplementing phytase; however, supplementing 300 g/ton phytase to hens diet, led to a significant (p<0.05) increase in egg shell strength. Egg yolk cholesterol and serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, atherogenic index and total cholesterol were decreased (p<0.01) by diet containing 20% SSM. The high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was increased (p<0.05) in serum of hens fed 20% SSM than the other groups. It was also observed that total antioxidant capacity and total superoxide dismutase content of hens fed 20% SSM was significantly higher than control group (p<0.05). Conclusion: As from results, dietary supplementation of SSM and phytase had no negative effects on laying hens performance or egg quality while improving the egg oxidative stability.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Rasht Branch,Islamic Azad University

References

  1. Baghban-Kanani P, Hosseintabar-Ghasemabad B, Azimi-Youvalari S, et al. Effect of different levels of sunflower meal and multi-enzyme complex on performance, biochemical parameters and antioxidant status of laying hens. S Afr J Anim Sci 2018;48:390-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/sajas.v48i2.20 https://doi.org/10.4314/sajas.v48i2.20
  2. Al Harthi MA, El Deek AA. Evaluation of sesame meal replacement in broiler diets with phytase and probiotic supplementation. Egypt Poult Sci J 2009;29:99-125.
  3. Rezaeipour V, Barsalani A, Abdullahpour R. Effects of phytase supplementation on growth performance, jejunum morphology, liver health, and serum metabolites of Japanese quails fed sesame (Sesamum indicum) meal-based diets containing graded levels of protein. Trop Anim Health Prod 2016;48:1141-6. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-016-1066-x https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-016-1066-x
  4. Cheva-Isarakul B, Tangtaweewipat S. Sesame meal as soybean meal substitute in poultry diets II. Laying hen. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 1993;6:253-8. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1993.253
  5. Abdalla MAM. Effect of white and red sesame cake variety on broiler performance [dissertation]. Khartoum, Sudan: University of Khartoum; 2006.
  6. Keshavarz K. The effect of different levels of nonphytate phosphorus with and without phytase on the performance of four strains of laying hens. Poult Sci 2003;82:71-91. https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/82.1.71 https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/82.1.71
  7. Tufarelli V, Ragni M, Laudadio V. Feeding forage in poultry: a promising alternative for the future of production systems. Agriculture, 2018;8:81. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture 8060081 https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture8060081
  8. Attia YA. Performance, carcass characteristics, meat quality and plasma constituents of meat type drakes fed diets containing different levels of lysine with or without a microbial phytase. Arch Tierernahr 2003;57:39-48.
  9. Pesti GM, Miller BR. Animal feed formulation: economic and computer applications. Science and Business Media. New York, NY, USA: Springer; 1993.
  10. AOAC. Official methods of analysis of AOAC. International 17th edition; Gaithersburg, MD, USA: AOAC International; 2000.
  11. World's Poultry Science Association. European table of energy values for poultry feedstuffs. 1st ed. Subcommittee Energy of the Working Group no. 2 Nutrition of the European Federation of Branches of the WPSA. Wageningen, the Netherlands: World's Poultry Science Association; 1986.
  12. Winterbourn CC, Hawkins RE, Brian M, Carrell RW. The estimation of red cell superoxide dismutase activity. J Lab Clin Med 1975;85:337-41.
  13. Kei S. Serum lipid peroxide in cerebrovascular disorders determined by a new colorimetric method. Clin Chim Acta 1978; 90:37-43. https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-8981(78)90081-5 https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-8981(78)90081-5
  14. Yagi K. Assay for blood plasma or serum. In: Methods in Enzymology. Academic Press; 1984. pp. 328-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0076-6879(84)05042-4
  15. SAS Institute. SAS/STAT user's guide. Release 8.02 Ed. Cary, NC, USA: SAS Institute Inc.; 2001.
  16. Mamputu M, Buhr RJ. Effect of substituting sesame meal for soybean meal on layer and broiler performance. Poult Sci 1995; 74:672-84. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0740672 https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0740672
  17. Sina G, Jafari M, Khojasteh S. The use of sesame meal in diets of Japanese Quail. Iranian J Appl Anim Sci 2014;4:877-81.
  18. Um JS, Paik IK. Effects of microbial phytase supplementation on egg production, eggshell quality, and mineral retention of laying hens fed different levels of phosphorus. Poult Sci 1999;78:75-9. https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/78.1.75 https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/78.1.75
  19. Boling SD, Douglas MW, Johnson ML, et al. The effects of dietary available phosphorus levels and phytase on performance of young and older laying hens. Poult Sci 2000;79:224-30. https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/79.2.224 https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/79.2.224
  20. Ravindran V. Phytates: occurrence, bioavailability and implications in poultry nutrition. Poult Avian Biol Rev 1995;6:125-43.
  21. Liebert F, Htoo JK, Sunder A. Performance and nutrient utilization of laying hens fed low-phosphorus corn-soybean and wheat-soybean diets supplemented with microbial phytase. Poult Sci 2005;84:1576-83. https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/84.10. 1576 https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/84.10.1576
  22. Kim JH, Pitargue FM, Jung H, Han GP, Choi HS, Kil DY. Effect of superdosing phytase on productive performance and egg quality in laying hens. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2017;30: 994-8. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.17.0149 https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.17.0149
  23. Attia YA, Bovera F, Abd El-Hamid AE, Tag El-Din AE, Al-Harthi MA, El-Shafy AS. Effect of zinc bacitracin and phytase on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, carcass and meat traits of broilers. J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr 2016;100: 485-91. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpn.12397 https://doi.org/10.1111/jpn.12397
  24. Attia YA, Qota EM, Bovera F, Tag El-Din AE, Mansour SA. Effect of amount and source of manganese and/or phytase supplementation on productive and reproductive performance and some physiological traits of dual purpose-cross-bred hens in the tropics. Br Poult Sci 2010;51:235-45. https://doi.org/10.1080/00071661003786111 https://doi.org/10.1080/00071661003786111
  25. Kurtoglu F, Kurtoglu V, Nizamlioglu M. Egg and serum cholesterol concentrations and zootechnical performances of layer hens fed with various levels of Niacin. Rev Med Vet 2004;155: 393-400.
  26. Al-Harthi MA, El-Deek AA, Attia YA, Bovera F, Qota EM. Effect of different dietary levels of mangrove (Laguncularia racemosa) leaves and spice supplementation on productive performance, egg quality, lipid metabolism and metabolic profiles in laying hens. Br Poult Sci 2009;50:700-8. https://doi.org/10.1080/00071660903202948 https://doi.org/10.1080/00071660903202948
  27. Al-Harthi MA. The effect of olive cake, with or without enzymes supplementation, on growth performance, carcass characteristics, lymphoid organs and lipid metabolism of broiler chickens. Braz J Poult Sci 2017;19:83-90. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9061-2016-0311 https://doi.org/10.1590/1806-9061-2016-0311
  28. Alipoor B, Haghighian MK, Sadat BE, Asghari M. Effect of sesame seed on lipid profile and redox status in hyperlipidemic patients. Int J Food Sci Nutr 2012;63:674-8. https://doi.org/10.3109/09637486.2011.652077 https://doi.org/10.3109/09637486.2011.652077
  29. Nakano D, Itoh C, Takaoka M, Kiso Y, Tanaka T, Matsumura, Y. Antihypertensive effect of sesamin. IV. Inhibition of vascular superoxide production by sesamin. Biol Pharm Bull 2002;25: 1247-9. https://doi.org/10.1248/bpb.25.1247 https://doi.org/10.1248/bpb.25.1247
  30. Parker RS, Sontag TJ, Swanson JE. Cytochrome P4503A-dependent metabolism of tocopherols and inhibition by sesamin. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2000;277:531-4. https://doi.org/10.1006/bbrc.2000.3706 https://doi.org/10.1006/bbrc.2000.3706