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Expression characterization and transcription regulation analysis of porcine Yip1 domain family member 3 gene

  • Ni, Dongjiao (Key Laboratory of Biological Feed of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Boen Biotechnology Co. Ltd) ;
  • Huang, Xiang (Key Laboratory of Biological Feed of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Boen Biotechnology Co. Ltd) ;
  • Wang, Zhibo (Key Laboratory of Biological Feed of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Boen Biotechnology Co. Ltd) ;
  • Deng, Lin (Key Laboratory of Biological Feed of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Boen Biotechnology Co. Ltd) ;
  • Zeng, Li (Key Laboratory of Biological Feed of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Boen Biotechnology Co. Ltd) ;
  • Zhang, Yiwei (Key Laboratory of Biological Feed of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Boen Biotechnology Co. Ltd) ;
  • Lu, Dongdong (Key Laboratory of Biological Feed of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Boen Biotechnology Co. Ltd) ;
  • Zou, Xinhua (Key Laboratory of Biological Feed of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Boen Biotechnology Co. Ltd)
  • Received : 2019.01.23
  • Accepted : 2019.06.20
  • Published : 2020.03.01

Abstract

Objective: The Yip1 domain family (YIPF) proteins were proposed to function in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to Golgi transport and maintenance of the morphology of the Golgi, which were homologues of yeast Yip1p and Yif1p. YIPF3, the member 3 of YIPF family was a homolog of Yif1p. The aim of present study was to investigate the expression and regulation mechanism of porcine YIPF3. Methods: Quantitative realtime polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was used to analyze porcine YIPF3 mRNA expression pattern in different tissues and pig kidney epithelial (PK15) cells stimulated by polyinosine-polycytidylic acid (poly [I:C]). Site-directed mutations combined with dual luciferase reporter assays and electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) were employed to reveal transcription regulation mechanism of porcine YIPF3. Results: Results showed that the mRNA of porcine YIPF3 (pYIPF3) was widely expressed with the highest levels in lymph and lung followed by spleen and liver, while weak in heart and skeletal muscle. Subcellular localization results indicated that it expressed in Golgi apparatus and plasma membranes. Upon stimulation with poly (I:C), the level of this gene was dramatically up-regulated in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. pYIPF3 core promoter region harbored three cis-acting elements which were bound by ETS proto-oncogene 2 (ETS2), zinc finger and BTB domain containing 4 (ZBTB4), and zinc finger and BTB domain containing 14 (ZBTB14), respectively. In which, ETS2 and ZBTB4 both promoted pYIPF3 transcription activity while ZBTB14 inhibited it, and these three transcription factors all played important regulation roles in tumorigenesis and apoptosis. Conclusion: The pYIPF3 mRNA expression was regulated by ETS2, ZBTB4, and ZBTB14, and its higher expression in immune organs might contribute to enhancing ER to Golgi transport of proteins, thus adapting to the immune response.

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