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Effect of calcium stearoyl-2 lactylate and lipase supplementation on growth performance, gut health, and nutrient digestibility of broiler chickens

  • Wickramasuriya, Samiru Sudharaka (Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Cho, Hyun Min (Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Macelline, Shemil Priyan (Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Eunjoo (Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Shin, Taeg Kyun (Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Yi, Young Joo (Division of Biotechnology, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Park, Seung Hwan (SNH Biotech Co., Ltd.) ;
  • Lee, Kyung Bon (Deaprtment of Biology Education, College of Education, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Heo, Jung Min (Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University)
  • Received : 2019.07.25
  • Accepted : 2019.10.28
  • Published : 2020.06.01

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate calcium stearoyl-2 lactylate (CSL) performance as an exogenous emulsifier together with lipase for broiler diets. Methods: In total, 252 one-day-old Ross 308 broiler chickens were allocated in a completely randomized design to give 6 replications per treatment with 7 birds in each cage. There were six dietary treatments representing a 2×3 factorial arrangement consisted of two energy levels (standard energy [positive control, PC] and -100 kcal/kg of the requirement level [negative control, NC]) and three dietary treatments (without additives [CON], CON+CSL [CSL], and CON+CSL+lipase [CSL-Lipase]). Corn and soybean meal-based experimental diets containing vegetable oil were formulated. Growth performance, blood parameters, visceral organ weights, ileal morphology, nutrient digestibility, and cytokine gene expression were measured. Results: Birds fed a diet including CSL increased (p<0.05) lipase level in blood compared to birds fed a diet including CSL-Lipase on day 21. Similarly, higher (p<0.05) liver weight was observed in birds fed a diet including either CSL or CSL-Lipase on day 21. Birds fed NC diet with CSL improved (p<0.05) nutrient digestibility compared to the NC diet on day 21. However, birds fed a diet supplemented with CSL or CSL-Lipase did not affect (p>0.05) the weight gain, feed efficiency, ileal morphology, and cytokine concentrations during the experiment period, regardless of dietary energy levels. Conclusion: Our results indicated that CSL has a role in improving nutrient digestibility in young birds when supplemented to a corn-soybean meal based broiler diet.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Chonnam National University

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