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A basic study on the mixing bar interaction efficiency in shield TBM chamber

Shield TBM 챔버 내 mixing bar 교반 효율에 대한 기본연구

  • 황병현 (호서대학교 토목공학과) ;
  • 김상환 (호서대학교 토목공학과) ;
  • 이경헌 (호서대학교 토목공학과) ;
  • 안준규 (호서대학교 토목공학과) ;
  • 조성우 (호서대학교 토목공학과) ;
  • 김연덕 (호서대학교 토목공학과)
  • Received : 2019.12.11
  • Accepted : 2020.01.03
  • Published : 2020.01.31

Abstract

This study is the basic study for improving the range of influence and potency of mixing bars in the chamber of Shield TBM. Currently, there are many studies on disk cutters, cutter bits and segments in the study of the domestic Shield TBM. However, studies that mix soil and rocks that come from the membrane during the Shield TBM excavation and scatter them with screw conveyors are not as good as those abroad. In this study, the existing Shield TBM Chamber was manufactured as a miniature and the experiment. Inside the chamber, different sizes (4 mm, 6 mm, 8 mm, 10 mm) and colors (black, white, red, and blue) were used to form layers. This experiment was carried out by different shapes and sizes of RPM and mixing bars. In addition, the difference between a miniature model and a reclining one was checked to determine the effect of the direction of gravity on the mixing efficiency. This was done in the same way for all other conditions other than differences in the direction of gravity. Through this experiment, we identified the orientation of the chamber model, the size and shape of the mixing bar inside, and the mixing effect and torque depending on RPM. A comparative review of the mixing effect and torque confirmed that the shape and size of the mixing bar affect the mixing of samples, and that the direction of gravity affects torque.

본 연구는 Shield TBM의 챔버 내 교반봉의 영향범위 및 배토효율 향상을 위한 기초연구이다. 현재 국내Shield TBM의 연구에 있어 디스크 커터, 커터 비트, 세그먼트에 관한 연구는 많이 이루어져 있다. 하지만 Shield TBM 굴착 시 막장면에서 유입되는 토사 및 암반들을 교반시켜 스크류 컨베이어로 배토시키는 연구는 해외에 비해 미비하다. 본 연구에서는 기존 Shield TBM 챔버를 축소모형으로 제작하여 실험을 진행하였다. 챔버 내부는 크기(4 mm, 6 mm, 8 mm, 10 mm)와 색(검은색, 흰색, 빨간색, 파란색)이 다른 시료를 사용해 층을 형성하였다. 이에 대하여 RPM과 교반봉의 형상 및 크기에 차이를 두어 실험을 진행하였다. 또한 중력의 방향이 교반 효율에 끼치는 영향을 파악하기 위하여 축소모형을 세웠을 때와 눕혔을 때의 교반 차이를 확인해 보았다. 이는 중력방향의 차이 외의 다른 조건은 모두 동일하게 진행하였다. 본 실험을 통해 챔버모형의 설치 방향, 내부의 교반봉 크기 및 형상, RPM에 따른 교반효과 및 Torque를 파악하였다. 교반효과 및 Torque를 비교 검토한 결과 교반봉의 형상 및 크기는 시료의 교반에 영향을 끼치며, 중력방향은 Torque에 영향을 끼치는 것을 확인하였다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Grant : Shield TBM 배토처리 향상을 위한 Soil conditioning 기술 개발

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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