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Research Trend of Biomass-Derived Engineering Plastics

바이오매스 기반 엔지니어링 플라스틱 연구 동향

  • Jeon, Hyeonyeol (Research Center for Bio-based Chemistry, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology (KRICT)) ;
  • Koo, Jun Mo (Research Center for Bio-based Chemistry, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology (KRICT)) ;
  • Park, Seul-A (Research Center for Bio-based Chemistry, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology (KRICT)) ;
  • Kim, Seon-Mi (Research Center for Bio-based Chemistry, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology (KRICT)) ;
  • Jegal, Jonggeon (Research Center for Bio-based Chemistry, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology (KRICT)) ;
  • Cha, Hyun Gil (Research Center for Bio-based Chemistry, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology (KRICT)) ;
  • Oh, Dongyeop X. (Advanced Materials and Chemical Engineering, University of Science and Technology (UST)) ;
  • Hwang, Sung Yeon (Advanced Materials and Chemical Engineering, University of Science and Technology (UST)) ;
  • Park, Jeyoung (Advanced Materials and Chemical Engineering, University of Science and Technology (UST))
  • Received : 2020.03.01
  • Accepted : 2020.03.18
  • Published : 2020.04.10

Abstract

Sustainable plastics can be mainly categorized into (1) biodegradable plastics decomposed into water and carbon dioxide after use, and (2) biomass-derived plastics possessing the carbon neutrality by utilizing raw materials converted from atmospheric carbon dioxide to biomass. Recently, biomass-derived engineering plastics (EP) and natural nanofiber-reinforced nanocomposites are emerging as a new direction of the industry. In addition to the eco-friendliness of natural resources, these materials are competitive over petroleum-based plastics in the high value-added plastics market. Polyesters and polycarbonates synthesized from isosorbide and 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid, which are representative biomass-derived monomers, are at the forefront of industrialization due to their higher transparency, mechanical properties, thermal stability, and gas barrier properties. Moreover, isosorbide has potential to be applied to super EP material with continuous service temperature over 150 ℃. In situ polymerization utilizing surface hydrophilicity and multi-functionality of natural nanofibers such as nanocellulose and nanochitin achieves remarkable improvements of mechanical properties with the minimal dose of nanofillers. Biomass-derived tough-plastics covered in this review are expected to replace petroleum-based plastics by satisfying the carbon neutrality required by the environment, the high functionality by the consumer, and the accessibility by the industry.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology (KRICT), National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF)

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