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A Study on the Factors of Online Information Security Behavior Failure: Focused on the Elderly

중·노년층의 온라인 개인정보보호 행동에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 연구; 한국과 중국 인터넷 사용자를 중심으로

  • 전양 (이화여자대학교 경영학과) ;
  • 박민정 (이화여자대학교 경영학과) ;
  • 채상미 (이화여자대학교 경영학과)
  • Received : 2019.08.28
  • Accepted : 2020.02.12
  • Published : 2020.03.31

Abstract

Purpose Since the number of personal information breach incidents increased, many people have perceived the importance of personal information protection, in the recent. Especially, the number of personal information breach targeting middle-aged and elderly people rapidly increases. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to identify the factors which influence to fail of online information security behaviors among the elderly. Design/methodology/approach This study made a research model by adopting the factors deducted from the protection motivation theory. To analyze the research model, we conducted an online survey targeted on the elderly and middle ages users who have nations of Korean and Chinese respectively. Findings According to the empirical analysis result, we identified that only perceived severity and perceived vulnerability affected information security awareness. On contrast, it was also discovered that perceived barriers, self-efficacy, and response efficacy did not affect information security awareness. Additionally, the awareness of information security also did not affect information security behaviors. Middle-aged and elderly people with personal information protection education did more information security behaviors than people those who no education experiences. Korean middle-aged and elderly people with education significantly did more information protection behaviors than the people without the education.

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