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Development of Detailed Korean Adult Eye Model for Lens Dose Calculation

  • Han, Haegin (Department of Nuclear Engineering, Hanyang University) ;
  • Zhang, Xujia (Department of Nuclear Engineering, Hanyang University) ;
  • Yeom, Yeon Soo (Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institute of Health) ;
  • Choi, Chansoo (Department of Nuclear Engineering, Hanyang University) ;
  • Nguyen, Thang Tat (School of Nuclear Engineering and Environmental Physics, Hanoi University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Shin, Bangho (Department of Nuclear Engineering, Hanyang University) ;
  • Ha, Sangseok (Department of Nuclear Engineering, Hanyang University) ;
  • Moon, Sungho (Department of Nuclear Engineering, Hanyang University) ;
  • Kim, Chan Hyeong (Department of Nuclear Engineering, Hanyang University)
  • Received : 2020.02.19
  • Accepted : 2020.03.17
  • Published : 2020.03.31

Abstract

Background: Recently, the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) lowered the dose limit for the eye lens from 150 mSv to 20 mSv, highlighting the importance of accurate lens dose estimation. The ICRP reference computational phantoms used for lens dose calculation are mostly based on the data of Caucasian population, and thus might be inappropriate for Korean population. Materials and Methods: In the present study, a detailed Korean eye model was constructed by determining nine ocular dimensions using the data of Korean subjects. The developed eye model was then incorporated into the adult male and female mesh-type reference Korean phantoms (MRKPs), which were then used to calculate lens doses for photons and electrons in idealized irradiation geometries. The calculated lens doses were finally compared with those calculated with the ICRP mesh-type reference computational phantoms (MRCPs) to observe the effect of ethnic difference on lens dose. Results and Discussion: The lens doses calculated with the MRKPs and the MRCPs were not much different for photons for the entire energy range considered in the present study. For electrons, the differences were generally small, but exceptionally large differences were found at a specific energy range (0.5-1 MeV), the maximum differences being about 10 times at 0.6 MeV in the anteroposterior geometry; the differences are mainly due to the difference in the depth of the lens between the MRCPs and the MRKPs. Conclusion: The MRCPs are generally considered acceptable for lens dose calculations for Korean population, except for the electrons at the energy range of 0.5-1 MeV for which it is suggested to use the MRKPs incorporating the Korean eye model developed in the present study.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Nuclear Safety and Security Commission (NSSC), National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP), Korean Health Industry Development Institute (KHIDI)

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